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Graves’ Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment


Graves’ disease is an immune system disorder. It makes your thyroid gland create an excess thyroid hormone in the body. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is the most recognized form of hyperthyroidism. Let's explore more: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Graves’ Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Graves Disease Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis,
and Treatment
  • By Dr Valeria Simone MD
  • (Southlake General Surgery, Texas, USA)

  • Graves disease is an immune system disorder. It
    makes your thyroid gland create an excess thyroid
    hormone in the body. This condition is
    called hyperthyroidism. Graves disease is the
    most recognized form of hyperthyroidism.
  • In Graves disease, the immune system of your
    body produces antibodies called
    Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that connect
    with healthy thyroid cells. This condition causes
    your thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone than
  • Thyroid hormones influence numerous parts of your
    body. This may include nervous system function,
    body temperature, mental health, and other
    significant components.
  • Whenever left untreated, hyperthyroidism might
    lead to weight loss, tension, anxiety,
    depression, discouragement, and physical or
    mental fatigue.

(No Transcript)
Symptoms of Gravess disease
  • Both Graves disease and hyperthyroidism have
    almost the same symptoms. These may include
  • Nervousness, hand tremors, fatigue, and muscle
  • weight loss
  • rapid pulse rate (tachycardia)
  • intolerance to heat
  • bad temper and difficulty in sleeping
  • goitre (swollen thyroid gland)
  • recurrent formed bowel movements
  • In a few cases, individuals with Graves disease
    will encounter swollen, coagulated skin around
    the shin region. This refers to Graves
  • A few other symptoms an individual may encounter
    are known as Graves ophthalmopathy. This happens
    when the eyes may appear to be augmented because
    of the eyelids retracting. Once this occurs, an
    individuals eyes may start to swell from your
    eye sockets.

What are the reasons for Graves disease?
  • Graves disease like an autoimmune disorder,
    where the immune system starts fighting against
    the healthy cells and tissues in the body. In our
    body immune system generally creates proteins
    called antibodies to fight against bacteria and
  • These antibodies are delivered exceptionally to
    focus on the specific intruder. In Graves
    disease, the bodys immune system erroneously
    creates antibodies considered thyroid-stimulating
    immunoglobulins that target healthy thyroid

Who all get impacted by Graves disease?
  • Specialists believe that the following variables
    may influence the risk of fostering Graves
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Level of stress
  • heredity
  • Graves disease is common in the age group of
    less than 40 years. If any one of the family
    members has Graves disease, then your risk
    additionally increases considerably. Women may
    have 7 to 8 times more oftentimes than men.
  • To have another immune system disease
    additionally expands an individuals risk of
    emerging Graves disease. Diabetes Mellitus Type
    1, Rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohns disease are
    a few instances of autoimmune disease.

Diagnosis of Graves disease
  • Your PCP may prescribe lab tests if they
    speculate Graves disease. If anybody in an
    individuals family has had Graves disease, the
    PCP might have the option to limit the diagnosis
    based on the clinical history and physical tests.
  • Your primary care physician may likewise
    prescribe some of the accompanying tests
  • thyroid ultrasound
  • blood tests
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone test (TSH)
  • Thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin test (TSI)
  • radioactive iodine uptake test
  • thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) test
  • The combined tests report of these may help the
    doctor to identify Graves disease or another
    kind of thyroid problem.

Treatment of Gravess disease
  • Three treatment choices are accessible for
    individuals with this disorder
  • antithyroid drug treatment
  • radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy treatment
  • thyroid surgery

  • Antithyroid drugs Treatment
  • Antithyroid medications might be prescribed.
    Beta-blockers may likewise be utilized to
    decrease the impacts of symptoms until other
    medicines start to work.
  • Radioiodine Therapy Treatment
  • Radioactive iodine therapy is perhaps the most
    widely recognized treatment for Graves disease.
    This treatment expects you to take dosages of
    radioactive iodine-131 that can be swallowed in
    the form of a pill.
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Thyroid surgery is another alternative, its
    utilized less frequently. Your PCP may suggest a
    surgical procedure if past treatments havent
    worked accurately or if thyroid cancer is
    presumed, however, thyroid cancer in the setting
    of Graves disease is uncommon.
  • Thyroid surgery at Southlake General Surgery may
    likewise be suggested if an individual is
    pregnant and cant consume antithyroid
    medications. For this situation, a surgical
    procedure isnt performed until the second
    trimester due to the risk of miscarriage or
    premature delivery.
  • Lets explore more Graves Disease Causes,
    Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment - Southlake
    General Surgery

  • To know more about Graves disease or Thyroid
    Surgery at Southlake General Surgery or
    consultation. Please contact our healthcare
    expert today at 1(817) 748-0200. You can
    also make an online appointment with us.
  • Follow us on Facebook and YouTube.
  • Source Graves Disease Causes, Symptoms,
    Diagnosis, and Treatment - Southlake General

1545 E. Southlake Blvd, Suite 270 Southlake, TX
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