Learn more about anxiety disorders, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Learn more about anxiety disorders, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention


In an anxiety-related disorder, your fear or worry does not go away and can get worse over time. It can influence your life to the extent that it can interfere with daily activities like school, work and/or relationships. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learn more about anxiety disorders, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

What is anxiety?
  • Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of
    nervousness and involve excessive fear or
    anxiety. Anxiety in particular also refers to
    anticipation of a future concern and is
    associated more with muscle tension and avoidance
    behavior. Anxiety disorders can cause people to
    avoid situations and places that might cause them
    to feel trapped, helpless, panicking,
    embarrassed, and scared. Job performance, school
    work, and personal relationships can be affected.
    Anxiety disorder is the most common of mental
    disorders affecting majority of population. For
    people who have Anxiety, worry and fear are
    constant and overwhelming. Anxiety is a serious
    mental illness, but proper treatment helps most
    people lead normal and productive
    lives. Anxiety can affect your ability to
    concentrate, sleep and carry out ordinary tasks
    at work, home or school. Physical symptoms are
    common and include shortness of breath, a
    pounding heart and trembling hands.

  • What are the causes of Anxiety?
  • Researchers don't know exactly what brings on
    anxiety disorders. Like other forms of mental
    illness, they stem from a combination of things,
    including changes in your brain and
    environmental stress, and even your genes. The
    disorders can run in families and could be linked
    to faulty circuits in the brain that control fear
    and other emotions.
  • For some people, anxiety may be linked to an
    underlying health issue. In some cases, anxiety
    signs and symptoms are the first indicators of a
    medical illness. If your doctor suspects your
    anxiety may have a medical cause, he or she may
    order tests to look for signs of a problem.
  • Examples of medical problems that can be linked
    to anxiety include
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes

  • Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism
  • Respiratory disorders, such as chronic
    obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma
  • Drug abuse or withdrawal
  • Withdrawal from alcohol, anti-anxiety medications
    (benzodiazepines) or other medications
  • Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
  • Rare tumors that produce certain
    "fight-or-flight" hormones
  • Sometimes anxiety can be a side effect of certain
  • It's possible that your anxiety may be due to an
    underlying medical condition if
  • You don't have any blood relatives (such as a
    parent or sibling) with an anxiety disorder
  • You didn't have an anxiety disorder as a child
  • You don't avoid certain things or situations
    because of anxiety
  • You have a sudden occurrence of anxiety that
    seems unrelated to life events and you didn't
    have a previous history of anxiety

  • What is the cost for the treatment of Anxiety in
  • Which specialty of doctor is to be consulted for
    the treatment of Anxiety in India?
  • Psychiatrist or a psychologist is to be consulted
    for the treatment of Anxiety in India.
  • Which hospital is to be preferred for the
    treatment of Anxiety in India?
  • Medanta - The Medicity hospital in India is to be
    preferred for the treatment of Anxiety in India.

  • 1. What are the symptoms related to Anxiety?
  • All anxiety disorders share one major symptom,
    which is severe or persistent fear and worry.
    Common symptoms of anxietymight include
  • Feelings of apprehension or dread
  • Restlessness or trouble concentrating
  • Feeling completely blank
  • Pounding heart, and sweating
  • Headaches, upset stomach, or dizziness
  • Frequent urination or diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle tension
  • Fatigue or insomnia

  • 2. Who is at risk for Anxiety?
  • These factors may increase your risk of
    developing an anxiety disorder
  • Trauma.
  • Children who endured abuse or trauma or
    witnessed traumatic events are at higher risk of
    developing an anxiety disorder at some point in
    life. Adults who experience a traumatic event
    also can develop anxiety disorders.
  • Stress due to an illness
  • Having a health condition or serious illness can
    cause significant worry about issues such as your
    treatment and your future.
  • Stress buildup
  • A big event or a buildup of smaller stressful
    life situations may trigger

  • excessive anxiety - for example, a death in the
    family, work stress or ongoing worry about
  • Personality
  • People with certain personality types are more
    prone to anxiety disorders than others are.
  • Other mental health disorders
  • People with other mental health disorders, such
    as depression, often also have an anxiety
  • Having blood relatives with an anxiety disorder
  • Anxiety disorders can run in families.
  • Drugs or alcohol
  • Drug or alcohol use or abuse or withdrawal can
    cause or worsen anxiety.

  • 3. What are the possible ways to prevent Anxiety?
  • The following preventive measures can help save
    you from anxiety
  • Reduce intake of caffeine
  • Indulge in healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid substances like alcohol and tobacco
  • Keep yourself fit by exercising
  • Make time for a hobby
  • 4. How is anxiety treated?
  • The most accurate approach of anxiety treatment
    depends upon the kind of disorder. Following are
    the therapies that can be used for anxiety
  • Medication
  • Antidepressants, medicines of an anticonvulsant
    nature, and

  • antipsychotics are used to lessen the symptoms
    of anxiety disorders.
  • Psychotherapy
  • Psychotherapy refers to an exercise of
    counselling that will address the psychological
    response to any mental disease or anxiety.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy is a specific kind
    of psychotherapy where the person gets to
    identify and alter his/her pattern of thoughts
    that leads to feelings of distress.
  • Changes in the diet and lifestyle
  • Changes in the diet and lifestyle will help
    because the kind of food you eat and the exercise
    you do determines your mind state. Hence
    switching to a healthier lifestyle will affect
    your mental health in a positive way.
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Relaxation therapy helps a lot because it
    relaxes the body and furthers help the person to
    be normal.

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