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Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Under-utilized Water Technology for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural Applications(PART 7 OF 11)

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Part 7 of 11 series: Entire part 1 to 11 can be viewed at or Environmentally Friendly, Economical, Less Well Known Water Cleantech for The Future: Across industries and science fields, previously not accepted technologies, some of which has been widely used for commercialized applications, are gradually being re-confirmed by mainstream Western academics. The next phase is how Western mainstream media of various levels(from news, science reports, to Wikipedia) are going to express these confirmations. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Under-utilized Water Technology for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural Applications(PART 7 OF 11)


1
Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Less Known Water
Technology for Industrial / Commercial /
Agricultural Applications
PART 7 OF 11
  • Environmentally Friendly, Economical, Effective
    Water Cleantech for The Future

Ben Rusuisiak New nature paradigm TECH analysis
vancouver, BC, CANADA, updated Feb10, 2017
www.linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm
2



  • ABSTRACT This presentation
    covers some of low cost, water related
    commercialized cleantech that is under-utilized
    or not commonly known to exist at all, in areas
    of 1-Environmental cleaning, 2-HVAC improvement,
    3- Energy extraction, 4-Industrial
    processes, 5-Drinking water generation,
    6-Geoengineering, 7-Desalination wastewater
    treating, 8-Selective bio-enhancing, rust
    prevention etc. Some of them are convertible for
    a use in field of energy, medical, biology,
    weather modification, material science with
    similar advantages. ?
  • One of such effects not fully explainable by
    chemistry, yet officially utilized by some
    non-Western ally nations, is prolonged "water
    structure", or/ "activated" electrical charge
    holding capacity of ions in water. There are
    multiple treatment methods that can cause
    sustained unique capability in plain water for at
    least 4-5 days and used without added chemical or
    solutes. e.g. a-As detergent for commercial
    kitchen, butcher or heavy oil removal, b-Non
    fouling industrial cutting or washing fluid,
    c-Hospital operation room, or food industry
    equipment disinfectant, d-Medical
    oxygen/hydrophobic drug delivery, skin
    disease/infection/organ, upto conventionally
    untreatable chronic disease. e-Plant/animal
    growth increase, brackish water feeding,
    Removing animal residence odor, f-Increase
    strength of concrete, ice, paper, g-Enhance
    flavor of pasta, coffee, bakery, h-Low
    emission fuel making from subgrade incombustible
    hydrocarbon, i-Display chemical or mineral effect
    without chemistry present in water. Some
    exceptionally electrical-active water seems to
    even function as "phase catalyst" and used as
    "plain water concentrate" for similar or more
    robust effects by dilution.?

  • Such Scientific Status gap in water tech by
    nations is fairly common and it affects research
    funding market share of effective processes.
    e.g water treatment by Time variant magnetic
    field Rotating/Concentric Electrode, Far
    InfraRed waves, Hydrodynamic Cavitation,
    Sub/SuperCritical water, Non Anthraquinone H2O2,
    Emulsion fuel, Cold fusion, Resonance H2O
    decomposing, Acoustic Pulsed Fire Dewatering,
    Electro-Scavenging effect for rain generation
    Cosmic Ray based climate change idea. One reason
    for discrediting is they might co-display
    scientifically economically disruptive seeming
    thermodynamic over-unity non-local phenomena.
    But low cost effective way to displace chemical
    based system also have been supported in West
    Electrooxidation/coagulation or multiple ways of
    AOP including Ozone was backed by European groups
    they are now supporting Plasma Activated Water,
    Thermal Hydrolysis, Membrane Distillation,
    various Nano Filtration etc. Others are accepted
    but only for certain use ElectroOsmosis/Poration,
    Metal ion, 3chamber electrolysis, Vacuum
    superheated steam, Steam eductor etc. Overall,
    previously science contested low cost clean water
    tech is increasingly rapidly adopted even by
    multinationals, often accompanied by firm back up
    of mainstream media, science, tech awards. And
    unless spread of this new paradigm stalls soon,
    limitation based "closed system" belief of
    society will fundamentally shift to no-limit
    "open system" before 2030.

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada
3
  • SELECTED CONTENTS
  • p10 Crystallization Template
    sssddAssisted, Fluidized Bed etc
    p21 Ozone UV etc p41
    SuperCritical Water etc
  • p45 Ultrasonic, Cavitation effect, . . .
    Pulsed Combustion Drying

    p61 Nano/UltraFine Bubble etc p67
    PhotoCatalytic water etc
  • p91 Electrolyzed acid water etc p118 Plasma
    Activated Water
    p126
    Electrolytic Venturi etc p141 .Magnetic Water
    treatment
  • p157 Phase Catalyst Water

    p181 Torsion field/Scalar Wave p190
    Far InfraRed, Bioceramic, .. Minerals treated
    etc
  • p221 Pumpable Ice Slurry p228 ElectroSpray
    etc p235 ElectroHydraulic
    effect
  • PART 7 p245
    Solar Desalination etc p268 SuperHeated Steam
    etc
  • p288 Magnetic Resonance
    . Freezing Thawing
    p291 Ion
    projection p298
    Ferrous/Ferrate Ion water p310 Vacuum
    Saturation/DDW, . Steam Jet
    Ejector/eductor
  • p338 Plant Polymer Micelle p343 Rain Related
    Weather .. Modification
    p358 Water Technology List

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada
4
  • QUALIFICATION OF
    INFORMATION

  • This presentation might not always reflect the
    views of mainstream group, particularly of
    western media, large NGOs, wikipedia hence
    attendants/readers are recommended to re-assess
    the data from independent perspective Listed
    commercialized claims include that are
    contradicting mainstream science law or
    effectiveness acceptance level, while empirically
    deemed to produce effects repeatedly. "Cleantech"
    here includes "clean chemicals" that are non
    residual Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide, Peracetic
    Acid, Plasma/ElectroChemical reaction etc
  • Compared to other industries, water technology
    tends to have wider varied mechanics to achieve
    intended physical effects Labs, schools, even
    conservative mainstream, or mundane looking
    companies often use their own effective unique
    processes not widely known. Many of what is
    covered here are selected technologies known as
    effective in some sectors or by small of
    consumers but not by other sectors.?

    Currently more detailed
    reference list is being produced will be
    published separately The research is updated
    based on reviewing academic papers journals,
    books, speeches, presentations, patents,
    lab/commercialized product testimonies/complaints,
    publications public records of
    NGOs/media/research institutes/think
    tanks/military/space gov't agencies/industry
    associations. Due to space constraints,
    referenced individual names are given with max 3
    letters of first name with entire last
    name(except some non-Western names), company
    names are listed in a way that is findable by
    internet search.
  • 12 page long Water Technology Effect Comparison
    Grid List is located at the end of presentation.


    THIS FILE IS PART 7 of 11
    SERIES ENTIRE 11 SERIES CAN BE VIEWED IN ONE
    FILE AT SCRIBDclick here, ISSUUclick
    here, YUMPU click here, or CALAMEO click
    here

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
5
How to Read Tech Detail Explanation Texts
.

  • Technology claims are explained in details in
    each of 66 dedicated section in coming pages.
    Example of Hydrodynamic cavitation below
  • Tech effects Code used in tech lists(located at
    end of this presentation) are headed by Boldface
    purple letters as on the right. Code might
    refer to either or both of a-effect of static
    water product, b-process effect itself on water
    rather than water's effect on matter.
  • Commercialized tech claims are listed in(Blue
    Letter ), and within bracket means other
    unnamed companies also claim same effect.
    at example D4 indicates
    particularly effective application.
  • 11Hydrodynamic cavitation WM Accepted effect
    J(BOD reduction, Advanced Oxidizing Process,
    toxin/oil field waste water/sludge
    decomposing)(WhirlWind.nl), For ballast
    water(Globallast ua), Enhanced oil recovery-
    additional hydrocarbon quality improvement(Arisdyn
    e),
  • Sometimes WM Disputed effect, A(Descaling), HVAC
    application(HyCator, VRTX Technologies), Pipe
    cleaning(Group Konstanta ???????), Dairy
    product flow pipe descaling is WM
    rejected(TEKMASH) B(anticorrosion of water
    pipes), C(Algae removal)(CT Systems ua),
    D4(New.

6
blank slide
proceed to next page
7
49Solar Distillation, Solar Water treatment
Effect Accepted by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 49Solar Distillation, Solar Water treatment
    Atmospheric Water Collector, Fog Collector Often
    product is difficult to obtain, especially for
    latter two types, sometimes only available as
    design for DIY project, Fringe NGO(many large
    mainstream one wont support) run project
    oriented. (see 2 pages later ?),
  • WM Accepted M2(Desalination),

    ?1 Solar Still usually
    has disinfection function by UV effect, scalable
    and drinking water can be lower priced at least
    (note standard cost calculation puts out
    conventional system to often look much lower cost
    in comparison to free solar tech but there are
    many exceptions) upto mid sized city supply but
    only at high sun area with large nearby free
    space available(F Cubed Solar), most successful
    largest Solar Still commercialization type,
  • Other Solar Stills(SolAqua, AquaDania
    Waterstillar ), Solar cell electrical component
    built in(Desolenator), Agricultural set up
    desalination with some germ killing system
    (SeawaterGreenhouse), Thin plastic layered tower
    structure use water collector with minor
    electricity use for 0.5m3/day per module(Altela),
    Some high capacity small scale pilot works mostly
    small sized commercialization(MaxWater Desal )
    exceptions - Brackish water desalination
    capability of 200m3/day by Aqua4 Concentrated
    Solar Still(Waterfx), --gtgtcont

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
8
49Solar Distillation, Water treatment,
Atmospheric Water Collector, Fog Collector
continued 2
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted M2(Desalination)
  • Other types than solar still ?2 Multiple Effect
    Humidification use Makes 5m3/day containerized
    unit, for wastewater cleaning
    units(TerraWater). 50m3/day capacity (Mage Water
    Management gmbh),?

    ?3 Non-porous
    three membrane purifier units (Solar Dew),
    Solar based projects operating in different
    locations(Psa.es), Most available commercial
    products are lt20m3/day range units(Photon
    Solar),
  • ?4 Solar based use of Membrane Distillation(Solar
    Spring, Aquaver), ?5 Low Temperature Thermal
    Desalination(LTTD), only half a dozen
    installation in India by the state(National
    Institute of Ocean Technology of Chennai)
    Generally lower cost than RO when deep ocean 400m
    is available within 2km range or 15C temperature
    difference exists under same conditions(size
    etc)- at current relatively undeveloped stage
    energy use is already about same as RO but much
    lower maintenance cost,--gtgtcont

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
9
49Solar Distillation, Water treatment,
Atmospheric Water Collector, Fog Collector
continued 3
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted M2(Desalination)

    ?6 Solar
    Driven Adsorption Desalination, can functions as
    low as 30C, though commercialization type is
    focused on industrial heat or used as extension
    of distilling desalination system use (Medad
    Technologies, KACST)
  • Historically, solar distillation use declined
    after industrial distillation or Reverse Osmosis
    took over with media PR when cost was initially
    higher - then eventually greatly reduced. Yet in
    many large land available isolated small
    scale/community with low cost labour available
    sunny weather locations, solar type remains
    lowest cost, P2(water filtering/purifying/disinfec
    ting/cleaning/waste water) (Solvatten),
    Portable pasteurizer bag using photocatalytic
    reaction(Puralytics),

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
10
49Solar Distillation, Water treatment,
Atmospheric Water Collector, Fog Collector
continued 4
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted M2(Desalination)

    Unlisted method/effect Ion exchange
    bridging can be used with Thermo-Ionic method
    to desalinate water by solar distilled higher
    salinity water pool use it in combination with
    3 other pools. This is "automatic self
    perpetuating mechanics" needing no energy to
    desalinate water by use of one way only ion
    passing membrane with multiple bridging among
    pools this program seems dropped after making
    public announcements of commercialization
    intention(Saltworks Technologies)
  • ? Atmospheric Water Collector(Non electrical),
    Natural condensation-evaporation use, Some are
    commercial capacity if large land is available
    but often not easily available in straight
    forward manner Large collection
    capacity(0.1m3-100litre/day per 10m tower)(Warka
    Water), Another large collection method with own
    bottled water selling for its ionic or
    vitalization effect water(Agua de Niebla de
    Canarias), There are various other designs
    devised but often lack of funding for
    commercialization(Dropnet Imke Hoehler),

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
11
49Solar Distillation, Water treatment,
Atmospheric Water Collector, Fog Collector
continued 5
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effects ? Atmospheric
    Water Collector Dessert greening or dry region
    agriculture use round box placed around as a
    cover to plants/seedlings to collect some
    condensed water prevent evaporation of
    soil(Groasis, TreeTPee, Tal-Ya), Deeproot of
    plants directly fed water with same
    mechanics(DRIPS Project), this type of system
    seem to generate significant bioenhancing - extra
    plant growth effect, All quite disruptive WM
    embraced.
  • ? Fog Collector, Normally mesh based fog catcher,
    Suitable in certain remote small community with
    no rain dense fog area(eg some high altitude
    areas in Northern Chile), but needs specific spot
    for maximization and needs most volunteer type
    maintenance work, very erratic water yield
    fluctuation, Product not easily available from
    stores or even manufacturers (Fog Quest, Opur
    frSpecial hydrophobic film use, Technion -
    Watair)(Geared only for plant or tree
    growth),(FogHive)
  • Unlisted tech but there are some container
    unitized solar run RO based water purification
    system (Tranz Water Systems),

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
12
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others Effect
Accepted Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 50SuperCritical water(also SubCritical Water,
    Hydrolysis, also called Hydrothermal
    Liquefaction etc), (also see 9SuperCritical
    Water) (see next pages ?on SubCritical,
    HydroThermal Carbonization(HTC), Hydrolysis,
    Steam Plasma), high pressure with temperature
    above boiling point state of water, above
    374C/221bar-22.1Mpa- 3250psi221times ambient
    pressure
    WM Accepted effect J2(Emulsion)
    advanced emulsion or/ salt crystallization
    SuperCritical Hypothermal Synthesis/Hydrothermal
    Polymerization eg Synthesizing Organic-Inorganic
    Nanoparticle production(Itec-es jp, Promethean
    Particles), or Gemstone/Quartz crystallization
    from SiO2 reacting with NaOH, Na2CO3 etc is
    mainstream process in this specific
    application(Tairus, Tokyo Denpa, Silmaco), but
    rare in other types. Instant nano
    emulsion(????AKICO)


  • K2(Energy generation) depolymerization of most
    trash/wastewater sludge to produce fuel,
    hydrocarbon made has much less emission prone SOx
    or NOx contained, Also soon competitive H2
    production from wet trash L2(biofuel/oil
    extraction/ waste to energy/charcoal with no
    emission),(AltacaEnerji, Biomass Technology Group
    BV, Earth Wind Fire Technologies, Concord
    Blue), Enhanced Oil Recovery(JOGMEC), Rare
    pretreatment for Anaerobic Digestion(Renmatix),
    O2(extremely effective Advanced Oxidation
    Process),

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
13
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 2,
SCW only 2
  • gtgt cont WM Accepted effect

    W2(remove oil, salt, deoxidizing
    cookingwhen it comes out automatically becomes
    oxygen depriving superheated steam to atmospheric
    environment), B3(soil-sand oil
    extraction/separation), I3(metal cleaning/
    metal-mineral recovery from trash) also
    phosphorus recovery from waste water(Feralco Aqua
    Reci, AVA-CO2, SCFI - Aqua Critox), J3(efficient
    power production at turbine) Supercritical Water
    Cooled Reactor (SCWR) Use of Ultra-SuperCritical
    water/steam(593C, 240bar, but Advanced USC pilot
    run is well over 700C) for power station turbine
    application, usually mega scale)(Mitsubishi Hvy,
    Hitachi, Toshiba, Babcock Wilcox, IHI jp,
    Doosan Heavy, Alstom, Foster Wheeler )
  • Occasionally claimed effects M3(cutting or
    boring holes), Q3(low temp subcritical water
    only hot water herbicide),
  • Weaker effect M2(Desalinate) effect can be
    lower cost only in special situations like zero
    liquid discharge requirement situation only
    academic reporting tests(AGJ van der Ham),
    U2(increase energy effectiveness), comparatively
    with other effects only slight improvement - see
    J3.

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
14
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 3 -
SCW only 3, Western Mainstream(WM) treatment
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect Water treating
    mechanics, including easier SubCritical water
    tech is not new, and mostly low tech/low cost set
    up requirement(except anticorrosion element in
    SuperCritical), also frequently much lower
    process cost capable of MUCH faster
    Environmental Remediation Energy Generation
    from biomass/trash.
  • Its disruptive nature to existing economical
    geopolitical structure can be one of main reasons
    for limited commercialized examples(besides J2
    J3 category) at mainstream level
  • Many different confusing names are created
    maintained at mainstream level to segment this
    sector so that it becomes difficult to
    collectively gather data on research
    commercialization of this technology SubCritical
    - SuperCritical Hydrolysis, Catalytic
    Depolymerzation, Superheated Steam - Water,
    Thermal Hydrolysis, Hydrothermal Liquefaction,
    Advanced Oxidation, Hydrothermal Oxidation, Wet
    Oxidation, SuperCritical Water Oxidation,
    HydroPyrolysis, Hydrothermal Combustion,
    Pressurized Hot Water Extraction, HydroThermal
    Depolymerization - Gasification - Flame,
    SuperCritical Gasification ...

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
15
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 4 -
SCW only 4, Western Mainstream(WM) treatment
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect

    Officially core
    mainstream type WM linked, or WM corporate SCW
    technology users

    (eg TurboSynthesis, NASA GRC, SRI International
    US, SCFI - Aqua Critox, Innoveox, BTG World -
    BTG Biomass Europe, Hanwa Chemical, Ilshin
    AutoClave, Asian giant engineeringSouth
    Korea/Taiwan, Nitto KotasuJapan)
  • Direct Military link Parsons, General Atomics,
    Applied Research Associates, Inc, Bechtel, There
    are many defence related companies with patent in
    SCW tech with no officially advertised
    applications very effective in toxin/chemical
    weapon destruction, This application is used
    worldwide, not just west.
  • Segmentation of truly disruptive techs that at
    least partially contain WM approved effects are
    fairly common, eg for water tech Magnetic,
    Electric field, or Electrolytic water treatment
    for industrial-agriculture-commercial building
    use, Bacteria based large scale environmental
    remediation etc, eg for non water Thermo
    dynamic over-unity effects, Resonance anomalous
    or bioenhancing frequency effects, Non-local
    standing wave effects etc.
  • Also in SCW, there is often mainstream avoidance
    to openly discussing this tech for energy
    generation from organic materials, Yet compared
    to energy and medical area, water technology is
    opening up faster for previously taboo type or
    pseudoscience designated techs, seemingly driven
    by European led established companies backers

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
16
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 5,
SCW only 5
  • BASIC TECHNOLOGY BACKGROUND EXPLANATION



    SuperCritical fluid tech base has been built in
    1970s in US and Germany, and SuperCritical CO2
    took off as major/standard industrial process.
  • SCW standardization in worldwide business seems
    to have very large macro-economical
    ramification(trash to fuel, toxin decomposition,
    unburnable fuel upgrading etc). And probably
    something else for military type applications?
    Basic prototype started in US as PERC, LBL
    process in 1970s/80s pilot run, while deemed
    "commercialized" for space agency activities
    military in at latest in 90s(Eco Waste
    Technology), Shell has pilot plant(HTU process)
    but never openly commercialized to produce new
    hydrocarbon from too low grade to use as fuel
    resources(primarily located in Venezuela, Canada,
    Russia) Incidentally here Canada is a Western
    Ally, but key Canadian Oil Sand criticizing green
    NGO activity seems to stem from Non-Canadian oil
    producing interests or its backers.
  • The tech took off in Japan mainstream with Govt
    large corporates openly promoting from 90s but
    rather suddenly stalled around 2006 at
    mainstream most of top selling large companies
    with most of patents drop all official product
    lines (Organo jp, Mitsubishi hvy, Toshiba,
    Kurita Kogyo, Komatsu) --gtcont

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
17
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 6,
SCW only 6
  • gtgtcont TECH BACKGROUND SCW history in Japan


    Those companies are either to continue internal
    use or unofficial sales within Japan, or dropped
    most product lines (Kobe Steel), or scale down
    to sell table top size device as research
    purpose only (Toyo Koatsu), But Small or
    fringe companies in Japan or North America
    continue to offer their device in discreet way
    (Xtrudx, Rematix, Suzuki Shoko ????,
    Ishikawa-valve.co.jp, ??????),





  • - while China offers on fully mainstream level(as
    happens for many other disruptive techs) for
    mainly waste/toxic water process - SuperCritical
    Water Oxidation(SCWO) (?????????????? Shaanxi
    Wanfeng Energy Environmental Protection
    Technology, ????????????? Xinao Group, ???? Blue
    Energy ), --gtgtcont



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Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
18
50SuperCritical water(SCW) Others cont'd 7,
SCW only 7
  • gtgtcont TECH BACKGROUND EXPLANATION

  • In Russia, their various very advanced SCW
    tech(linked to Hydrodynamic cavitation and even
    antigravity/strong transmutation like claims?,
    similar to V Schauberger's?) at academic level
    has practically no commercialization - indication
    of too disruptive to bring out in public??


    Amongst Western
    allies, only in 2015 quiet official pilot project
    started on mainstream level for hydrocarbon
    recovery from bitumen from Canada(JGC), yet in
    segmented manner that is usually called many
    different ways other than SCW, it is quietly
    slowly but steadily implemented even in energy
    related area from Europe and Australia since
    around 2013.
  • Unlisted effect Automatically WM media
    pseudoscientized radiation remediation(Daioh
    Shinyo Co), yet mainstream academic groups
    confirmed effects(Minzhang Lin)

linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
19
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 8
?SubCritical Water
  • ?SubCritical WaterGenerally bulk of this tech
    can be categorized as

    a-Similar temperature range with slightly
    lower pressure(eg 250-450C, 180-200bar) as
    SuperCritical basically mostly same effects(few
    differences are electroconductive, some salts
    precipitate etc) but takes longer time, with
    lower cost material can be used for device(less
    super corrosive oxidation power) or

    b-
    Lower temperature with much lower pressure
    (180-250C, 20-60bar) basically same effect with
    additional further time consuming, often cross
    over with following section 51SuperHeated
    Steam, This presentation generally labels
    methods using further lower temperature with
    similar to ambient pressure as Hydrolysis(often
    100-230C, 1-5bar) process.?


    Also note there are
    unclear differentiation used by the industry
    between Low temp Low pressure SubCritical water
    with 51SuperHeated Steam(used as open ambient
    pressure or close to it with usually
    110-250C(depends on application temperature goes
    up to 800C, but it could be called
    SuperCritical Water also), or term Hydrothermal
    treatment can refer to all of 50 51tech?



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Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
20
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 9
?SubCritical Water 2
  • WM Accepted effect J2(Emulsion), K2(Energy
    generation) Hydrothermal Gasification(Hydromethan
    , Osaka Gas, Gensos nl), L2(biofuel/oil/nutritio
    n extraction/ waste to energy/charcoal with no
    emission) (Techno-EMI, 3V Green Eagle,
    Sustainable Waste Power Systems ), Algae
    focus(Muradel), catalysis required
    "HydroPyrolysis"(D4 Energy), SubCritical Water
    Extraction of polar non-polar compounds can be
    done separately - suitable for food nutrient
    extraction(Celabor, Mazza innovation
    PhytoClean) much faster than low temp
    hydrolysis listed in later pages. Also see
    Enhanced Oil Recovery at 51'SuperHeated Steam B3,
  • O2(effective Advanced Oxidization Process)
    Decomposing toxin (Iga kunitomo), Medical
    waste(Red Bag Solutions), Metal
    recovery(..........................
    Santai-gr), Some company's "secret" customized
    recipes to increase Oxidization ability might
    include things like electrolyzed acid water as
    catalyst(electrolysis of subcritical water is
    possible since electro conductive- unlike
    supercritical where salt precipitates)
    (Ecle-Field jp), it also demonstrates overunity
    like efficiency electrolysis, no h2 or o2
    generated etc., --gtgtcont
  • ????????

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Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
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21
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 10
?SubCritical Water 3
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted effect
  • P2(wastewater decomposing usually go together
    with energy generation in SubCritical) some
    devices are set up to go into SuperCritical level
    for faster/effective process(GRT GROUP SA),
    W2(remove oil, salt, deoxidizing cookingsteam
    came out to atmospheric environment only),
    B3(soil-sand oil extraction/separation), I3(metal
    cleaning/ metal recovery from trash),
    J3(efficient power production at turbine)
    Occasionally claimed effects,
  • M3(cutting/boring holes), Hydrothermal Spallation
    Drilling Fast, high temp operable, "side wall"
    formulation by hydrothermal flame blasting, no
    blade, easier debris recovery due to buoyancy in
    water, Anomalous effects?- super high temperature
    water in deep hole pressure to create either Sub
    or SuperCritical water, or even Hydrogen, or HHO
    gas? HHO can cause transmutation
    effects(existence is WM rejected). No takers of
    commercialization licenses issued by mainstream
    academics(MIT, ETH Zurich etc)? One high profile
    company tried is "out of biz"(Potter Drilling),
    But wide acceptance might cause a string of
    severe disruptions(much lower cost that can
    largely replace drill bits in majority of deep
    drilling, and even more deep hydrocarbon and
    Geothermal heat easily available with lower cost
    etc) --gtgtcont


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22
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 11
?SubCritical Water 4 ?HydroThermal Carbonization.
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted effect

    Q3(water only herbicide
    Hot water/boiled/low temp subcritical water
    only),
  • Weaker effect U2(increase energy effectiveness),
    Unlisted effect radioactive material separation
    from soil(Maeda.co.jp), remove heavy metal from
    soil(N-green.co. jp), Fertilizer recovery from
    trash(Greentech solutions grts jp)
  • ?HydroThermal Carbonization/Wet Pyrolysis Same
    effect as SubCritical water but main purpose is
    specifically to produce Bio Coal since
    2007/08(Lignin/Brown Coal equivalent quality)
    from organic waste and biomass. When compared to
    dry pyrolysis or Anaerobic Digestion(AD) Carbon
    recovery(90) cost is much lower, compared to
    AD it produces large heat(exothermic, same as dry
    pyrolysis) during the process, but might not be
    as valuable as dry biochar. Overall production
    volume is much smaller than competition method of
    water uninvolved dry version Torrefaction. Also
    slightly different but unique catalytic
    HydroThermal Polymerization(lower temp
    pressure, less decarboxylation reaction/CO2
    produced) of biomass requires no binder to
    pelletize(PCS Biofuels),?
  • U2(increase energy effectiveness) as WM Accepted
    effect in Europe, WM sometimes Disputed in North
    America It is promoted in mainstream level in
    Western Europe while effectiveness is sometimes
    media level pseudoscience along with some willing
    scientists in North America (rare Atlantic ocean
    science split). --gtgtcont.

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23
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 12
?HydroThermal Carbonization 2
  • --gtgtcont ?HydroThermal Carbonization/Wet
    Pyrolysis U2(increase energy effectiveness) WM
    Accepted in Europe, Disputed in N America
  • Might be working as a precursor/introduction to
    full Sub/SCW acceptance, Temperature range is
    often said as 200-300C with low pressure
    5-10bar/0.5-1Mpa/75-150psi at European mainstream
    but actual range seems to include significantly
    higher pressure and temperature types for the
    same final product aim while they are not
    necessarily called by the same name
  • Industrial size focus(CarboREN - SunCoal,
    Loritus, Antaco, Ingelia SL), smaller size
    installations(Grenol GmbH, Oax-eco), Production
    of high value added Hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF)
    for chemical/hydrocarbon industry(AVA-CO2), Waste
    water focus(TerraNova Energy, Aqua Enviro),
    Focus in Eastern Europe Russian market(NIREX
    Bio Uhlí, ????? Abono ), Dutch initiated
    movement to turn all growing weeds into fuel
    stalls TORWASH(Energieonderzoek Centrum
    Nederland ECN)
  • Unlisted effect Easy phosphorus recovery from
    wastewater sludge(AVA-CO2)

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24
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 13
?Low Temp Hydrolysis
  • ?Low temp/pressure Hydrolysis In this section,
    broad range of similar processes are categorized
    in a lump ?
    ? Wet Air
    Oxidization this usually means sludge type
    matter to be decomposed by injecting air in
    pressure chamber with 150-300C range like
    SubCritical water, often Bubble Column Reactor is
    used to infuse air/oxygen, ?


    ? Thermal Hydrolysis here
    covers generally low end 120-230C including
    sudden pressure drop at end of process but could
    mean entire SubCritical Water range of higher
    than100C above atmospheric pressure. In this
    presentation "Hydrolysis" generally refers to
    120C- 230C range(with catalysis it could be
    lower) minimum temperature required to have
    decomposing(Shinko-mfg),
  • But note each larger system is more or less
    custom made so each is unique. Easiest/lowest
    cost set up system in this section 50'. Often std
    process in some industries while completely void
    of use in other industries or segments.

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25
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 14
?Low Temp Hydrolysis 2
  • ?Low temp/pressure Hydrolysis
  • WM Accepted effect I3(phosphorus recovery),
    might work with reduced minimum acid/chemical
    use(Cambi - KREPRO), K2/P2(Energy-fuel
    production, while waste water cleaning is done)
  • ?a Sludge decomposing Wet Air Oxidation/Thermal
    Hydrolysis type, often combine anaerobic
    reaction This is potentially disruptive
    technology(can lead to Sub/SCW water) currently
    fully embraced by WM(Academic and corporate
    engineering docs-patents since 1960s indicates
    tech leading US groups shelved it but Europeans
    split with them and developed their own systems
    and widely installed in Western Europe).
    Generate heat/electricity/fertilizer revenue or
    closer to energy break-even of solidwaste/wastewat
    er processing facility. Yet much less
    "disturbing" compared to Cold Plasma Waste to
    Energy system(eg Magnegas, see 23'Plasma
    Activated Water) --gtgt continued

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26
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 15
?Low Temp Hydrolysis 2
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect K2/P2(Energy-fuel
    production, while waste water is cleaned) ?a
    Wet Air Oxidation(WAO)/Thermal Hydrolysis(TH)
  • ?a-i WAO many commercialization use is for
    pre/after treatment of Enzymatic process of
    wastewater, but some are useable as stand alone
    process (Veolia Water Athos, Bertrams ch), Some
    use catalyst(Wetox nz), and low
    pressure(lt150psi) with even less than 100C
    workable bordering with vacuum
    distillation(Eltron Water),
  • Oil Refineries(Merichem - Kenox, Paramount
    Limited, Zimpro Siemens, AquaDynamics ch) they
    often use metal catalyst to increase efficiency,
    In Chemical Pulp-paper industry oxidation
    system is mandatory/prototype(Linde,
    AirProducts), Toxin decomposing(Cyanide Destruct
    Systems)
  • ?a-ii HT Usual purpose is to speed up Anaerobic
    Digestion by short duration process like 30mins,
    often involves rapid decompression process for
    cell rapture(Steam Explosion SE) Large
    installations of 100,000ton/yr dry sludge
    capacity (Cambi THP, Veolia Water
    Exelys/Biothelys ), also significant penetration
    by smaller players(Terax nz, Jeongbong kr,
    Hydroitalia - Colsen, Eliquo BV), Steam
    Explosion can be used for other purposes
    eg(significantly enhanced wood pellet making, or
    chip digestion at dissolving pulping process
    etc)(Coramexport cz, Valmet, Arbaflame), or
    regular hot water based Biological Hydrolysis
    from heat recovery(GE water)

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27
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 16
?Low Temp Hydrolysis 3
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect K2/P2(Energy-fuel
    production, while waste water cleaning is done)
  • ?b-Catalytic Depolymerization/Thermal Hydrolysis
    element(but tech details are unclear might not
    use water element) Claims made are at most 1/2
    cost(usually much less) of existing
    hydrocarbon(no refining need, much less fume
    generating) useable as is for cars as produced in
    raw form out of the system Very much paradigm
    changing type tech since this tech is basically
    science legal(Green Power inc, GreenBase Sepadu,
    Alphakat), Or less disruptive only plastic
    processing or cellulose only types(eg Sumitomo
    Forestry ),
  • Incidentally, if Industrial hemp is similarly
    grown processed this way in mega volume it can
    displace few other sectors. Hence it is
    reasonable this tech is allowed but ignored by
    media/NGO/Gov't to have smooth gradual tech
    transition, otherwise it could significantly
    destabilize economic system.

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28
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 17
?Low Temp Hydrolysis 4
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect
  • L2(fertilizer/protein/nutrition extraction) from
    biomass or sludge(Lystek). Often part of std
    process in food stock fertilizer industry
    rendering to efficiently recover otherwise wasted
    cattlestock/chicken/fish etc leftover including
    bone/skin/feather/some excrement, due to weak
    disinfection feature diseased stock is not
    included for food production(Rendertech nz,
    Haarslev), Fuel production from plastic
    waste(Eicoh), Lower energy use Alkaline
    Hydrolysis(Bioliquidator), P2(waste water
    cleaning)
  • F3(efficient-fast food stock drying) fast large
    food stock drying as part of std process
    method(Anco Englin), recovery food stock from
    fish processing(Multivector no),
  • Unlisted effects Key value extracting std
    process in overall food stock processing/Rendering
    (Valleyproteins, Darling International, TEG
    Environmental), Advanced risk material
    processing(Sanimax)


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29
50Sub-SuperCritical water(SCW) group con'd 18
?Steam Plasma
  • ?Steam Plasma Can be called Plasma Hydrolysis,
    Similar to SuperCritical Water in a way, strong
    oxidation to breakdown organic matter to CO2
    H2O, yet do in atmospheric pressure. Fair amount
    of influence from (Institute of Plasma Physics -
    Czech AS)
  • lower startup and operating cost, cleaner
    by-product than air based plasma process(eg NOx,
    Dioxin), or much more so than conventional
    combustion types, some projects are focused on
    processing PCB( polychlorinated biphenyl) or
    fluorinated materials(Nishinihon Kaden Recycle)
  • WM Accepted effects K2(Energy generation)
    Plasma Enhanced Integrated Gasification Combined
    Cycle(Green Science ??????), L2(biofuel/oil
    extraction/ waste to energy/charcoal with no
    emission), O2(effective Advanced Oxidization
    Process)
  • Mobile device offers decomposing accumulated
    hazardous waste(Strebl Energy Pte - PyroGenesis,
    Plazarium), while certain nations have blockage
    from commercializing by law(helix-pls),
  • Temperature ranges from 1000C, some process can
    get up to 9000C(PlasmaAir de), Vortex process
    added Plasmawhirl(Foret Plasma Labs), Others
    (httcanada),
  • Unlisted effect Some also make effective low
    cost portable plasma torch for welding, cutting
    etc, easy home use with far less fumes than
    regular much larger welding device(MultiPlaz -
    ??????????, Plazmosvarka) arc column
    stabilization by use of water-vapor vortex?

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30
51SuperHeated Steam Effect mix of Accepted
Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 51SuperHeated Steam, sort of equivalent to
    50, 9SuperCritical water
    WM Accepted effect K2(Energy
    extraction/generation Production of extra
    hydrogen by feeding steam into gasifier), From
    small scale biomass type(Güssing Renewable Energy
    GmbH) to Largest scale industrial coal
    gasification enhancement by IGCC(CBI E-Gas),
    L2(biofuel/oil extraction/ waste to
    energy/charcoal with no emission) almost
    SuperCritical level process, for equiv
    70,000ton/yr coal fuel production(Rematec jp),
    Steam is injected with molten metal to work like
    supercritical water reaction(HydroMax Diversified
    Energy), pilot plant(Ze-Gen), Biochar
    production(Kankyo21, Makitech jp), O2(Hydroxyl
    production Advanced Oxidizing Process, toxin
    decomposing) some in-situ destruction - some
    toxin is collected from ground and decomposed off
    site(Nishimatsu, TerraTherm),
  • P2(water filter/purifying/disinfect/clean waste
    water) Disinfection as drying is std mainstream
    process in some sectors(GEA Barr Rosin, Enrich
    de), custom process drying-disinfection(Nippon
    Funmatsu), Soil disinfecting(Cm-regero-industrie
    s, Takezawa-web jp), Also see "steam cleaning"
    2p later under "unlisted effect"
  • Z2(Fast efficient heat conduction within
    confined space- ie sealed storage(TLV)(regular
    steam in open space is opposite). ? Fast, energy
    saving, no dripping, high quality food
    defrosting(Naomoto.co.jp), ? Some of effective
    heating, heated location's curbed mold growth
    might be due to its Far InfraRed(FIR) wave
    emitting effect?
    (SE???????, Ohkuradn-inc),

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Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
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31
51SuperHeated Steam continued 2
  • gtgt cont WM Accepted effect Z2(Fast efficient
    heat conduction within confined space ie sealed
    storage(TLV)(regular steam in open space is
    opposite). ? Fast, energy
    saving, no dripping, high quality food
    defrosting(Naomoto.co.jp), ? Some of
    effective heating, heated location's curbed mold
    growth might be due to its Far InfraRed(FIR) wave
    emitting effect?(SE???????, Ohkuradn-inc),


  • B3(soil-sand oil extraction/separation) Enhanced
    Oil Recovery(EOR)(eSteamOil, Vinci Technologies
    ), EOR by solar energy superheated
    steam(Frenell de, Novatec Solar ), F3(efficient
    fast drying) Std mainstream process in some of
    food processing sector(BMA AG, SwissCombi,
    Okawara mfg), High quality wood drying(Brunner
    Hildebrand), Some food products experience no
    case hardening of skin while disinfected also,
    heat energy can be recovered for 30-50 saving
    than conventional methods, particularly effective
    on beet pulp drying(Enerdry ApS), Little need to
    align parts for heat exposure to dry for
    non-warping materials due to saturated dry steam
    effect. Fast heating in closed space heating
    food during carrying in carts(???????? is-h),

  • I3(metal cleaning/ metal recovery from trash)
    Recovery (Mitsubishi Nagasaki Machinery), Very
    fast metal cleaning (MHI-inc, Chubu Electric),
    J3(efficient power production at turbine) (See
    J3 at section 50SuperCritical Water),

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32
51SuperHeated Steam continued 3
  • gtgt cont WM Accepted effect


    Q3(water herbicide) no chemical, barely above
    100C range steam (DynaSteam, WeedTechnics),
    Foam hot water type(Weeding tech, Cardley
    Wave), Large industrial/commercial type device
    (WaveWeedControl),
  • Unlisted effect ?1(Production/activation of
    Activated Carbon from Biochar)(Tigg Activated
    Carbon), ?2(Metal surface processing)1200C
    capable(Tokuden-upss),
  • ?3(Garment, General house interior, Steam
    cleaning, Carpet cleaning disinfection), Steam
    Cleaner by use of low end Superheated steam
    temperature 100-180C at tip, to kill
    fungi-germ-bacteria loosen dirt by fully
    exposing to max temperature in closed area
    instantly due to saturated steam(Hymachines.com,
    Reliable Corporation, LadyBugSteamCleaners).
    Some devices come with vacuum function(OspreyDeepC
    lean). Also non-chemical effective lower cost
    replacement of chemical cleaner-disinfector for
    hospital/dentistry/food-beverage-wine industry
    equipment(Dupray ca, Rea UltraVapor, Menikini),

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33
51SuperHeated Steam continued 4
  • gtgt cont WM Accepted effect Unlisted effect
    ?3 Steam Cleaner/disinfecter
  • Further augmented disinfection by hydroxyl
    radical/electroporation effect producing
    electrolytic venturi treatment of superheated
    steam(TANCS Advanced Vapor Technologies)(also see
    24'Electrolytic Metal Alloy Venturi). Some
    major players in Europe stopped guaranteeing
    steam temperature range of many of their
    products, and fair number of manufacturers make
    60-100C tip temperature device with often much
    less disinfection capability are not included
    here.
  • Weaker effect S2(bioenhancing effect) (Marubun
    Seisakusho, Simox fr, ) also this has primary
    purpose strong effect of soil disinfecting.
    U2(increase energy effectiveness of high powered
    turbine) core mainstream std process
  • WM media Disputed effect W2(remove oil, salt,
    deoxidizing cooking, elements, preservevitamin C
    enzymes etc) Industrial sector(Hosokawa Micron,
    Fuji Electric), Taste enhancement(Nomura-Genesis
    ), Home or commercial cooking(Sanyo Healsio jp,
    Hitachi, Toshiba) more nutrition preserved
    compared to regular heat cooking

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34
52Degassing/Degassed Pure Water effect Accepted
by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 52Degassing/Degassed Pure Water Usual mass
    use standard processes methods are by vortex,
    heated stirring, membrane, vacuum pressure,
    helium,
  • Less often used/underexplored methods/purpose
    ultrasonic degassing(Hielscher ), Degassing
    adjustable device since too big bubbles or no
    bubbles hinder ultrasonic washing
    process(Otari-datuki access21), Some device can
    dewater relatively porous material in 5mins
    range, various industrial process(ERC jp ),
    boiler circulation purpose(Miuraz jp), medical
    purpose(Reflex de), Ballast water use
    (Mitsubishi Kakoki ),
  • WM Accepted effects T2(rust reduction/prevention)
    , oxidation prevention, for boiler circulation,
    stifling algae mold in water, U2(increase energy
    effectiveness), in conjunction with speed up
    process time, defect reduction-quality
    enhancement Medical use(beca.eu)/MicroElectronic
    s manufacturing(Liquicel), /Food
    industry(Bauer-water)/ Biotech use(Biotech
    Degassi), Beverage industry infusing and
    degassing(Alfatek srl)

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52Degassing/Degassed Pure Water continued 2
  • gtgt cont WM Accepted effects

    Use of vortex vacuum
    with vortex tube like function device(Yokota
    Manufacturing), Y2(pH control)(Centec),
    K3(Process device precision) see O2, L3(make
    Capacitive Deionization more effective) removal
    of CO2, O2(enhance precision measurements)
    (Sulzer), Precision water related
    gaging/research, spectroscopy etc(Shimadzu),
    Q2(Food stock preservation) by removing oxygen,
    applied in limited sealed sample situations only,
  • Weaker effect Z2(Fast/efficient heat conducting
    in sealed space)
  • Unlisted effects Industrial washing, Make
    cavitation much more effective- disinfection
    effect to strengthen, High permeability into
    target medium, Repeat-water-circul
    ating for pipe scale prevention(Chiyoda-Electric)
    , Flavor enhancement of food
    processing by increased permeation by degassing
    water(Sakurajp), Wine quality improvement
    usually part of infusing/degassing or displacing
    different types gasses(MathesonGas), Beer,
    primarily CO2(Corosys),

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36
53Biochar/Classic Carbon UV Effect mix of
Accepted Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 53Biochar/Classic Carbon UV(calling
    Classic Carbon here to differentiate with
    section 55Nano Material treating) Largest
    promotor is Biochar specific type NGOs that are
    internationally networked with some mainstream
    backing (biochar-international), There are
    significant underexplored effects(often not water
    related) in mainstream biochar, yet there is
    further large effect gap between those and some
    of fringe group biochar production usage method
  • eg Material purpose sorted treated 600-1200C
    solid wood carbon is each used for different
    applications difference of porous honeycomb
    size, structure durability, thru or nonthru pores
    etc. Their commercialized claim(not really water
    related) effect and durability seem superior to
    Activated Carbon- likely at least partly due to
    the way it is used(Maruko-Denshi, NaraTanka
    ?????? ),.
  • WM promoted biochar can be produced from biomass
    by pyrolysis without generating CO2(unlike
    SuperCritical water decomposition), which has
    economical incentives around its sequestering.
    Activated Carbon filter is a part of widely used
    standard water treatment system, especially at
    fine filtration at last stage of public drinking
    water production..

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37
53Biochar/Classic Carbon UV continued 2
  • WM Accepted effect P2(water filter) Removal of
    certain organic chemicals(eg hydrocarbon related)
    non organic(eg chlorine) as absorption filter
    Granular Activated Carbon(GAC)/Pulverized
    Activated Carbon(PAC). Often a part of various
    filter system, Grass roots or biochar movement
    NGO group promotes use of biochar for water
    filter by usually offered by non-mainstream
    type or DIY focused suppliers(Wesionline,
    Nextchar, Terra-Char),
  • Activated Carbon is a major part in std process
    of mixed hydrocarbon other contaminant removal
    from water, or commercialized for general water
    filter. Some of larger producers of solid wood
    biochar might be selling top grades to some of
    fringe group high price bidders(Haycarb, Fujian
    Yuanli, Carbon activated corp) they dont value
    coal or nonsolid wood biomass based ones.
  • WM (only occasionally) disputed effect
    O2(Hydroxyl production) Waste water treatment as
    decomposing element in addition to filtering
    effect of biochar (Carbon-terra eu.),
    P2(Bioenhancing effect) Some companies claim
    high grade solid wood biochar based filter
    actually increase vitalization effect of water
    (Hitousui, N-t-c jp) This seem to have wide
    range of degree depended on raw material for
    biochar and processing method.

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38
53Biochar/Classic Carbon UV continued 3
  • --gtgt cont WM (only occasionally) disputed
    effect P2(Bioenhancing effect)
    Variant forms/age of "carbon", in
    addition to nanocarbon, occasionally seem to
    produce significant bio-active-water, some
    seemingly by electro conductivity effect.

  • ? 1 Lignite with catalytic minerals(Micelle
    Catalyst Willard Water),


    ? 2 Shungite as is(Shungitnpk) both
    Russian/Chinese mainstream academic validated.
    As burial underground all carbon forms seem to
    exhibit varied degree of anti-oxident electron
    activation type effects(extensive in some biochar
    and shungite when "calibrated"),
  • ? 3 Microcurrent generated by carbon pressed
    against differing electric potential metals
    wedged by dielectric material often produces
    electric field type bioactive region(as one of
    many Orgone energy generation methods). Depends
    on set up, this self generating perpetual micro
    EM field has disproportionately large directional
    effect on ElectroScaventing/ElectroFreezing and
    dispersing microdroplets fully pseudoscientized
    weather control/modification effect(for more see
    65'Precipitation Based Weather Modification)

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39
53Biochar/Classic Carbon UV continued 4
  • --gtgt cont WM (only occasionally) disputed
    effect P2(Bioenhancing effect)
  • ? 4 Processed "high grade" biochar under super
    high pressure under supercritical type
    environment?(Ohki-Techno),

  • ? 5 Some New age type devices use high
    temperature processed biochar(high positive ion
    absorber) mixed with high Far InfraRed emitting
    mineral, and positive ion releaser metal
    particles, and can work as "water vitalization
    device"(Metalmega jp), also used for industrial
    purposes quietly by mainstream companies in Japan
    domestically. ?

  • ?6 Fair portion of mainstream portable regular
    water filter system or main water supply combines
    with Reverse Osmosis or others to utilize various
    ceramic, media, mineral, that contain
    carbon/biochar or use activated carbon/nanocarbon
    filter, some of which have high FIR emitting or
    electrical activity to substantial degree though
    they might stay away from such expression or
    discuss exact make up of types of biochar.

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40
54Slow acoustic pulse wave Effect Disputed by
Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 54Slow acoustic pulse wave

    WM disputed effect

    Causes pseudoscientific-
    more than WM calculated permeation effect to
    C3(extract oil from soil/sand, particularly
    effective and cost competitive in porous
    structures) very slow pulse of more than second
    increment(Wavefront Technologies), combustion
    type activity made pulse(Svarognpo ru),
    Commercialization is rare. Also similar type of
    non-commercialized patents. Some academic
    discussions take place on this anomalous effect
    particularly in Russia.
  • Somewhat similar mechanics increases under ground
    penetration for ground soil/water remediation
    effects by pulsed mode injection of compressed
    Ozone gas Hydrogen Peroxide(APTwater PulseOx)
    also possibly Hydroxyl Radical formulation is
    enhanced.
  • Are above effects something to do with acoustic
    wave being matched with integer number of
    resonance frequencies of high pressure porous
    structure?

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41
55Nano Material treated water Effect mix of
Accepted, Disputed Generally Rejected, Fully
rejected by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 55Nano Material treated water (also see
    56Nanofiltration), as Nanotube, Graphene or
    Fullerene of Carbon or other materials. some
    soluble or built into water structure often on
    lab level, Also aligned nanotube membrane
    increase permeability(at lab level, carbon
    nanotube is up to 10,000times faster than
    conventionally maximum efficiency). Most effects
    except general filter function of nanocarbon
    water was full pseudoscience with only
    Russians/Chinese talking about it in past but now
    being upgraded towards WM approval stat
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