Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Under-utilized Water Technology for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural Applications(PART 2 OF 11) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Under-utilized Water Technology for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural Applications(PART 2 OF 11)


Part 2 of 11 series: Entire part 1 to 11 can be viewed at or Environmentally Friendly, Economical, Less Well Known Water Cleantech for The Future: Across industries and science fields, previously not accepted technologies, some of which has been widely used for commercialized applications, are gradually being re-confirmed by mainstream Western academics. The next phase is how Western mainstream media of various levels(from news, science reports, to Wikipedia) are going to express these confirmations. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Updated: 14 November 2017
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Title: Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Under-utilized Water Technology for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural Applications(PART 2 OF 11)

Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Less Known Water
Technology for Industrial / Commercial /
Agricultural Applications
PART 2 OF 11
  • Environmentally Friendly, Economical, Effective
    Water Cleantech for The Future

Ben Rusuisiak New nature paradigm TECH analysis
vancouver, BC, CANADA, updated Feb10, 2017

  • ABSTRACT This presentation
    covers some of low cost, water related
    commercialized cleantech that is under-utilized
    or not commonly known to exist at all, in areas
    of 1-Environmental cleaning, 2-HVAC improvement,
    3- Energy extraction, 4-Industrial
    processes, 5-Drinking water generation,
    6-Geoengineering, 7-Desalination wastewater
    treating, 8-Selective bio-enhancing, rust
    prevention etc. Some of them are convertible for
    a use in field of energy, medical, biology,
    weather modification, material science with
    similar advantages. ?
  • One of such effects not fully explainable by
    chemistry, yet officially utilized by some
    non-Western ally nations, is prolonged "water
    structure", or/ "activated" electrical charge
    holding capacity of ions in water. There are
    multiple treatment methods that can cause
    sustained unique capability in plain water for at
    least 4-5 days and used without added chemical or
    solutes. e.g. a-As detergent for commercial
    kitchen, butcher or heavy oil removal, b-Non
    fouling industrial cutting or washing fluid,
    c-Hospital operation room, or food industry
    equipment disinfectant, d-Medical
    oxygen/hydrophobic drug delivery, skin
    disease/infection/organ, upto conventionally
    untreatable chronic disease. e-Plant/animal
    growth increase, brackish water feeding,
    Removing animal residence odor, f-Increase
    strength of concrete, ice, paper, g-Enhance
    flavor of pasta, coffee, bakery, h-Low
    emission fuel making from subgrade incombustible
    hydrocarbon, i-Display chemical or mineral effect
    without chemistry present in water. Some
    exceptionally electrical-active water seems to
    even function as "phase catalyst" and used as
    "plain water concentrate" for similar or more
    robust effects by dilution.?

  • Such Scientific Status gap in water tech by
    nations is fairly common and it affects research
    funding market share of effective processes.
    e.g water treatment by Time variant magnetic
    field Rotating/Concentric Electrode, Far
    InfraRed waves, Hydrodynamic Cavitation,
    Sub/SuperCritical water, Non Anthraquinone H2O2,
    Emulsion fuel, Cold fusion, Resonance H2O
    decomposing, Acoustic Pulsed Fire Dewatering,
    Electro-Scavenging effect for rain generation
    Cosmic Ray based climate change idea. One reason
    for discrediting is they might co-display
    scientifically economically disruptive seeming
    thermodynamic over-unity non-local phenomena.
    But low cost effective way to displace chemical
    based system also have been supported in West
    Electrooxidation/coagulation or multiple ways of
    AOP including Ozone was backed by European groups
    they are now supporting Plasma Activated Water,
    Thermal Hydrolysis, Membrane Distillation,
    various Nano Filtration etc. Others are accepted
    but only for certain use ElectroOsmosis/Poration,
    Metal ion, 3chamber electrolysis, Vacuum
    superheated steam, Steam eductor etc. Overall,
    previously science contested low cost clean water
    tech is increasingly rapidly adopted even by
    multinationals, often accompanied by firm back up
    of mainstream media, science, tech awards. And
    unless spread of this new paradigm stalls soon,
    limitation based "closed system" belief of
    society will fundamentally shift to no-limit
    "open system" before 2030. - Ben
Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada
  • p10 Crystallization Template
    sssddAssisted, Fluidized Bed etc
    p21 Ozone UV etc p41
    SuperCritical Water etc PART2
    p45 Ultrasonic,
    Cavitation effect, . . . Pulsed Combustion
    p61 Nano/UltraFine
    Bubble etc p67 PhotoCatalytic water etc
  • p91 Electrolyzed acid water etc p118 Plasma
    Activated Water
    Electrolytic Venturi etc p141 .Magnetic Water
  • p157 Phase Catalyst Water

    p181 Torsion field/Scalar Wave p190
    Far InfraRed, Bioceramic, .. Minerals treated
  • p221 Pumpable Ice Slurry p228 ElectroSpray
    etc p235 ElectroHydraulic
  • p245 Solar Desalination etc p268 SuperHeated
    Steam etc p288 Magnetic Resonance
    Freezing Thawing
  • p291 Ion projection p298
    Ferrous/Ferrate Ion water p310 Vacuum
    Saturation/DDW, . Steam Jet
  • p338 Plant Polymer Micelle p343 Rain Related
    Weather .. Modification
    p358 Water Technology List - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada - Ben
Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada

  • This presentation might not always reflect the
    views of mainstream group, particularly of
    western media, large NGOs, wikipedia hence
    attendants/readers are recommended to re-assess
    the data from independent perspective Listed
    commercialized claims include that are
    contradicting mainstream science law or
    effectiveness acceptance level, while empirically
    deemed to produce effects repeatedly. "Cleantech"
    here includes "clean chemicals" that are non
    residual Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide, Peracetic
    Acid, Plasma/ElectroChemical reaction etc
  • Compared to other industries, water technology
    tends to have wider varied mechanics to achieve
    intended physical effects Labs, schools, even
    conservative mainstream, or mundane looking
    companies often use their own effective unique
    processes not widely known. Many of what is
    covered here are selected technologies known as
    effective in some sectors or by small of
    consumers but not by other sectors.?

    Currently more detailed
    reference list is being produced will be
    published separately The research is updated
    based on reviewing academic papers journals,
    books, speeches, presentations, patents,
    lab/commercialized product testimonies/complaints,
    publications public records of
    NGOs/media/research institutes/think
    tanks/military/space gov't agencies/industry
    associations. Due to space constraints,
    referenced individual names are given with max 3
    letters of first name with entire last
    name(except some non-Western names), company
    names are listed in a way that is findable by
    internet search.
  • 12 page long Water Technology Effect Comparison
    Grid List is located at the end of presentation.

    THIS FILE IS PART 2 of 11
    FILE AT SCRIBDclick here, ISSUUclick
    here, YUMPU click here, or CALAMEO click
    here - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
How to Read Tech Detail Explanation Texts

  • Technology claims are explained in details in
    each of 66 dedicated section in coming pages.
    Example of Hydrodynamic cavitation below
  • Tech effects Code used in tech lists(located at
    end of this presentation) are headed by Boldface
    purple letters as on the right. Code might
    refer to either or both of a-effect of static
    water product, b-process effect itself on water
    rather than water's effect on matter.
  • Commercialized tech claims are listed in(Blue
    Letter ), and within bracket means other
    unnamed companies also claim same effect.
    at example D4 indicates
    particularly effective application.
  • 11Hydrodynamic cavitation WM Accepted effect
    J(BOD reduction, Advanced Oxidizing Process,
    toxin/oil field waste water/sludge
    decomposing)(, For ballast
    water(Globallast ua), Enhanced oil recovery-
    additional hydrocarbon quality improvement(Arisdyn
  • Sometimes WM Disputed effect, A(Descaling), HVAC
    application(HyCator, VRTX Technologies), Pipe
    cleaning(Group Konstanta ???????), Dairy
    product flow pipe descaling is WM
    rejected(TEKMASH) B(anticorrosion of water
    pipes), C(Algae removal)(CT Systems ua),

10Sonic, Its Cavitation, Acoustic Pulsed Fire
Drying Effect mix of Accepted, Rejected, Fully
rejected by(WM)
  • 10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation other
    Acoustic effects See also ?Acoustic Pulsed Fire
    effect on later pages in this section 10,
    Ultrasonic effect doesnt necessarily accompany
    Sonic cavitation effects, Each service/product
    tend to specialize in specific different areas
  • WM Accepted effects A(Anti pipe scaling
    effect)(???????????, Nanjing Hanzhou
    Technology), B(anti-corrosion) by Acoustic
    signal to cause disturbance for preventing
    Elements precipitation to pipe walls, C(Algae,
    bacteria, germ stifling)(H2O Bio Sonic,
    Thomasonic UK) by shock wave, heat, and
    generation of H2O2 or Hydroxyl radical, Some
    claim no cavitation/harmful sounds is produced
    for animals(LG Sonic Cameleon Technology)
    specific frequency seems to exist for undesired
    algae - Usually Electroporation effect(see
    section 42ElectroPoration) or ElectroAcoustic
    effect generating electric field by "vibration
    friction" of solute/colloidal ions Because this
    transverse EM field coincides in same oscillation
    as longitudinal acoustic wave, it's standing wave
    like resonance phenomena, Hence significantly
    improved effect can occur at specific Ultrasonic
    range(EMCS Industries) --gtgtcont - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation Acoustic Pulsed
Fire Drying other Acoustic effects continued 2
  • gtgtcont WM Accepted effects

  • E(Industrial type heavy cleaner)(???????
    ??????????????? ????????????, ??? ???? ua),
    Paint stripping(Pratt Whittney PurePulse ), or
    90 water saving cleaning(Ultra Wave -
    StarStream), Most dip-in type top line devices
    come with oscillation or up-down motion option to
    prevent sonic frequency based uneven clean
    zones(eg 40khz creates it every 19-20mm), or by
    frequency changer(Rion-tpe), Often vacuum
    combined (Aqua-c ), Adjustable
    cavitation quality (Sonicfellow .......
    ), Enhanced cavitation
    cleaning in vacuum(Sharp UC-600AV, Pureron Japan,
    Miuraz jp, UCE Ultrasonic)
  • F(Laundry washing) residential use portable
    device(Volcano Turbo Wash) Industrial multiple
    chamber vacuum-ambience dual type - std process
    use in electronics etc but not so in many other
    industries(Sakura Seiki, MasusanTec, Clean
    Technologies Group), Resonating ultrasonic
    frequency at projecting source before water hits
    washing target(, M(energy production
    enhancing) biofuel production improvement(Sonotro
    nic de), --gtgtcont?

  • ?????
  • ???????????? - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation Acoustic Pulsed
Fire Drying other Acoustic effects continued 3
  • gtgtcont WM Accepted effects ?

    I(Oil water separating) J(Waste water cleaning,
    Oil, toxin recovery) by promoting faster
    degredation(Ultrawaves GmbH), Mainstream use but
    only in some nations in Europe. Ballast water
    treatment by oxygen removal by inert gas combined
    with self generating ultrasonic
    oscillation(ColdHarbour Marine), UV combined for
    increased decomposing matter UV light cleaning
    effect both(Svarog UV), Enhanced oil
    recovery(Progress Ultrasonics Group),
    Replacement of water filtering solids(FloDesign
    Sonics), Industrial wastewater cleaning by
    cavitation(, Nlegin ru)
  • Also unique solutes atomization-separation from
    water as same-element- nanoclustered-powdered-form
    ("ultrasonic drying"/ "steamless drying") with
    low temperature(keep flavor nutrition) at
    least 40 less cost of conventional heat based
    drying while certain separation is much larger
    saving(NanoMist Technologies) also low cost
    "ultrasonic wet scrubbing" or ethanol separation
    in works.
  • P(Odor removal as process, sludge
    reduction)(Dewaco Finnsonic, VTA Austria GmbH,
    Oviowater Sonolyzer) direct shockwave destroys
    some organism, also seems to be by increased
    Hydroxyl with certain frequency, W(Degassing)
    with certain frequency, --gtgtcont - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation Acoustic Pulsed
Fire Drying other Acoustic effects continued 4
  • gtgtcont WM Accepted effects

    drying) generating standing wave amplifies the
    effect, 50 range energy time both saving, no
    temperature increase to the dried medium or
    substrate ink, paint, glue etc,(Heat
    Technologies Inc), close to order of magnitude
    for grain, fish, wood, cotton, pharmaceutical
    etc(???????? ??????, U-sonic ru )
  • Unlisted effects (matter destruction, boring
    holes)(VLN-Tech), (less pain thorough root
    canal cleaning)(Sonendo), (Barnacle growth
    prevention)(Hunter Technologies), (Std process
    of flaw detection can be applied for pipe or
    water container situations by use of Immersion
    Transducers) std process in some industries but
    not all(Olympus-ims), (Part of Std process in
    Oil In Water Monitoring OIWM) but
    underexplored in other applications (Mirmorax),
    same use with ultrasonic self cleaning sensor
    system(ProAnalysis Argus), (Emulsion
    fuel)(Hielscher, Vodmazut ??????, ???
    ????????????), (Water meter)(Kamstrup), core
    mainstream industrial use, underused in
    residential in many nations, (Transporting
    matter including water or up-in-the-air liquid
    mixing)(ETH Zurich Dan Foresti, Tokyo Inst of
    Tech Ken Nakamura), still max 4kg transport
    level ability for industrial application, (Car
    "wiper")(Toyota, Asahi Glass, McLaren), (Non
    invasive relatively small fat removal/reduction
    from body, Sonic "Liposuction"), Hydrolipoclasy
    uses body-acclimatizing water based liquid(VIVO
    Clinic, Naturale Clinic - Clinica Naturale), but
    no water use tech with direct ultrasonic
    cavitation of fat(Lorelay Salon Spa) is WM
    rejected. ?

    Generally WM Rejected effect, Claims are made in
    connection with hydrodynamic cavitation devices
    which generate standing wave acoustic
    oscillation, M(spray soak treated water to make
    food fresh longer, less mold), Less often
    claimed effects Z(plant-animal grow faster with
    larger crops, promote fermentation/decomposing),

    WM Fully rejected or treated as fraud, less
    often claimed effect, A2(desalinating water)
    (SonCav) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation Acoustic Pulsed
Fire Drying other Acoustic effects continued 5
  • Subsection ?Pulsed "Acoustic Fire" Drying
    effect This acoustic effect generally seems to
    be a result of standing wave generation by
    pulsated firing at 200-300Hz range, generating
    various anomalous effects yet quietly accepted or
    ignored by WM for some reason except
    thermodynamic violating segment of the tech

  • WM Accepted effects G2(Energy efficiency
    increase), H2(Dewatering/drying) Here treated
    water doesn't help efficiency but the manner
    water is dried off powder etc indicates unusual
    efficiency speed in comparison to conventional
    spray drying or Ultrasonic spray drying,
  • Pulse combustion generates sonic sound energy
    shock waves this standing wave causing sound
    seems(requirement for effectiveness) to
    accelerate drying by breaking bonds between water
    and matter, also far wider range of matter size
    can be dried since there is no nozzle to spray
    used like in conventional spray drying eg Ink
    drying, Production of Pulp Paper, Gympsum
    OSB/Fibreboards, or even in advanced drying
    system like rotary kiln. Speed of drying is in
    certain aspect is about 50-100 times faster with
    about 1/10-100 of energy used for fire control
    itself(ignored and not debunked by WM), while
    there is very little heat incurred in dried
    material even fire itself is 1000C range, hence
    useable for protein/enzyme drying. Pulsed fire
    often becomes self sustaining with no outside
    power used hence power use for overall fire
    related function at this point is none. If
    precisely calculate all of this, it would be
    difficult to deny "over unity" efficiency - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
10Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation Acoustic Pulsed
Fire Drying other Acoustic effects continued 6
  • --gtgtcontinued ?Pulsed "Acoustic Fire" Drying
    effect G2(Energy efficiency increase),
  • WM Fully rejected Same "G2 H2" effect
    description but from here it is realm of WM
    rejection Exaggerated efficiency version of
    relation to Pulsed Jet Rockets mechanics which is
    also conventionally not fully explainable. Also
    air flow caused by this "pulsed standing wave
    acoustic fire" seems to be charged so that this
    air itself dries other medium much faster than
    regular air, even 99 moisture matter is driable
    instantly. Drying effectiveness and sound itself
    affected by geometric structure of drying area
    also - Resembling concept of pseudoscientized
    propellantless microwave cavity drive used for
    space travel by Roscosmos and NASA. There is
    another side of similarity which is
    thermoacoustic effect.
  • Majority of this tech operators claim similar
    range of pre-mentioned effects(Heat Technologies
    Inc, PulseDry, Pulse Drying Systems)
  • Also some additionally claim alter the shape of
    particles as they are dried instead of default
    globule shape, can make rugged patter for better
    adhesive capability when sprayed on(Wave Dry) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation Effect mix of
Accepted, Disputed, Rejected, Fully rejected by
  • 11Hydrodynamic cavitation Rapid water vortex,
    pressure drop, or turbulence involves cavitation,
    solutes or microorganism cells in water are
    ruptured/oxidized in various degrees depends on
    process by impact of colliding, imploding,
    shockwave, sometimes accompanying acoustic
    standing waves, sonoluminescence, production of
    H2O2, Hydroxyl UV ray,
  • Process might involve Venturi, Orifice effects,
    as well as Ultrasonic(Hydrosonic) phenomena
    caused by water movement generating standing wave
    like effects with very low energy use(sometimes
    accompanied by self running effectie perpetual
    motion, pseudoscientized), or claims of
    microplasma generation very similar to
    Electrohydraulic effect or Rotating Magnetic
    field/Rotating Electrode effect(active Torsion
    field), Spin type is often well beyond 1000RPM,
    some close to 10,000RPM range, Certain element of
    SubCritical water is involved --gtgtcont - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 2
  • WM Accepted effects H(Oil water
    separation)(Global Adavntech), J(BOD reduction,
    Advanced Oxidizing Process, toxin/oil field
    waste water/sludge decomposing)(,
    For ballast water(Globallast ua), Enhanced oil
    recovery- additional hydrocarbon quality
    improvement(Arisdyne), synergy with UV for even
    more disruptive level of large volume industrial
    water AOP(Western Magnum CAV-OX, OZONIX Ecosphere
    Tech), same effect with Cavitating
  • P(Odor remove, sludge reduction) by killing
    microbes(by cell lysis, ozone, H2O2 etc)
    decomposing matter. Some high pressure
    homogenizers' effectiveness seem to derive from
    venturi/orifice type cavitation effect(Crown
    Disintegration Evoqua, Microsludge), can be used
    for dewatering(VRTX Technologies), W(Degassing
    Deoxygenation)eg (Vortex Energy Saver) is
    installed in water heater system to save 20-30
    cost saving- This is surprisingly WM approved(UK
    govnt), --gtgtcont - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 3
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted effects
  • G2(Energy production, Heat recovery) by pressure
    drop weak cavitation element water spray into
    flue gas(Condensing Scrubber direct contact heat
    recovery and cleaning exhaust) is long mainstream
    with majors participation(Valmet, Babcock
    Wilcox, Hitachi Zosen Inova), but generally
    underutilized. Smaller specialized companies
    offer(Bionomic Industries QSense, Thermal Energy
    International, Air Treatment System Srl),
    Advanced combustion air humidification with heat
    pump combo(Caligo Industria, Condens Heat
    Recovery Oy) also Western Mainstream(WM)
    unapproved effect in later pages
  • Sometimes WM Disputed effect(easy to obfuscate
    deny effect by at Western mainstream test lab
    level by changing vortex pattern or speed), Top
    performers' HVAC effect seems extremely potent,
    simple, and low cost A(Descaling), HVAC
    application by stripping CO2 hence precipitating
    CaCO3(HyCator), Pipe cleaning (Group Konstanta
    ???????), Dairy product flow pipe descaling is
    WM fully rejected(TEKMASH), B(anticorrosion of
    water pipes)(VRTX Technologies - EcoWater CHC),
    C(Germ killing Algae removal)(CT Systems ua),
    Beverage process(HydroDynamics - SPX Flow),
    L(Drinking water generation), X(Lower redox
    value), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 4
  • --gtgtcont Sometimes WM Disputed effect?

    Occasionally Claimed D(Algae germ killing,
    disinfectant as drinkable water)(Waterbotruff),
    Generally claimed to work more like water filter
    as Oxidation destruction occurs, Certain heater
    device also produces range of effect similar to
    strong time variant magnetic field treated like
    water effect, K(Dirty water lake, river
    cleaning), N(Food detergent), S(Separation of
    undesired particles in waterflow by controlled
    cavitation)(Hydro International, Vorsana),
    Oil-water separation(Connex Water, Alfa Laval - S
    and P Flex),
  • Unlisted effect i Cavitation Underwater
    Cleaner Removing growth/debres on underwater
    hard surface (Limpieza Purotecnica SA, Cavitech
    Denizcilik, Sugino Machine) shockwave and
    timely cavitation as fine bubble hits the surface
    with much faster cleaning/far less paint peel
    off, much less power use than conventional
    mechanical/hydraulic/jet methods while safer to
    users(link to jet nanobubble). Use for tankers,
    commercial ships, offshore oil industry,
    underwater structure cleaning, recreational etc, - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 5
  • --gtgtcont Sometimes WM Disputed effect Unlisted
    effect? ii Oil
    water emulsion(??? ?????????????, CavitroniX),
    Hydrodynamic cavitation itself and it's produced
    ultrasonic(hydroacoustic) wave use (Spektrultra
    ??????), iii ultra fast mixing/degassing-deaerat
    ion by vacuum planetary centrifugal mixer of
    quasi concentric same directional rotation of
    500-1000rpm each(hence inner spin can be upto
    equiv of 1000x1000?)(similar to hydrodynamic
    cavitation degree movement with
    oscillation-resonance) for semiconductor
    precision manufacturing(air removing), pharma,
    ceramic, chemical, various emulsion(Kakuhunter,
    ????EME), added ultrasonic use(Thinky
  • Generally WM Rejected effect, O(Remove odor of
    dairy farm by feeding water), U(Stronger cement,
    ice, paper, gypsum board etc)(Watreco-Realice),
    Quality snow making with vortex followed by
    venturi water release(Steinbach Alpin),
    V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat
  • Occasionally claimed Q(metal working fluid,
    cutting fluid), E2(Enhance flavor
    bakery/pasta/coffee etc)(CTI Nanotech) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 6
  • WM Fully rejected occasionally claimed effect
  • G(Toilet, stain, odor, remove by water),
    Z(Plant, animal grow larger-faster, promotes
    fermentation, Catalyst to ferment food, drink,
    manure),(Vidyo Dimitrov Fluid Power), Humus or
    peat type soil is "digested" to quickly become
    organic fertilizer more effectively and lower
    cost than chemical types(Kodan Tarim) same
    effect as Electrohydraulic water treatment. But
    when consider extra oxygen and nitrogen is
    dissolved then that itself partially explains
    enhanced plant growth irrigation effect by
    venturi type injectors(Mazzei Venturi),
  • A2(Salt water desalination)(, ???? Dewa
    Pulse, ), so far local mainstream
    accepted(but most likely debunked if went full
    mainstream) unique air-water mix vortex(not
    really hydro cavitation) for possibly lowest cost
    commercialized ocean water desalination in
    West(Micronic Technologies MicroDesal-MicroEVAP),
    --gtgtcont - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
11Hydrodynamic cavitation continued 7
  • --gtgtcont WM Fully rejected
  • B2(Less plant water needs, soil water fast
    absorption and retention), D2(Human prefered
    herb-insect-germ enhancing),(Biokavitus),
    G2(Energy production, combustion assistance)
    this includes commonly claimed overunity effect
    of efficiency beyond 100 performance for much
    lower cost heating system(????-? Yurle,
    Graviton-M), or dairy product processing system
    while generating overunity heat(?????? -
    TEKMASH), also Biofuel production(HydroDynamics)
    , Used for emulsion fuel generation(section 37'),
    Efficient HHO gas production(saltwater
    electrolyte use, eg seawater) saturated or dry
    steam production(Cavitation Energy Systems).
  • WM approved portion of G2 1-Water emulsion
    upto 15 range for fuel saving(Vortexfuel ua
    ????????), 2-Visbreaking of heavy crude
    oil/bitumen/oil sand with much less diluent use
    while enabling pipeline transportation(Superior
    Upgrading - Hammer Technology, Cavitation
    Technologies inc, ???????? ????? ???????????
    ???????? ???? ), also enables desulphurization
    without catalyst use(AcSIR India), effect is
    basically the same for acoustic cavitation(Burst
    Laboratories - Chelan, Pristec AG), 3-Different
    mechanics of SuperCavitation enables supersonic
    travel within water various military group use - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
12Spiral Vortex flow Effect mix of Accepted,
Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 12Spiral Vortex flow/Flowform Much slower
    uncovered open flow version of gravity led
    hydrodynamic flow as well as slower than
    hydrodynamic cavitation fast flow for non moving
    parts fast large vol separator
  • WM Accepted effect S(Coagulation/separation of
    toxin/waste/sand etc) industrial sand or solid
    impurity removal(Lakos), Storm water particle
    separation is widely used standard process in
    some areas but not in others(Kristar, AquaShield
    Aqua-Swirl), similarly for V(Faster boiling,
    alcohol separation, more heat conductive) Oil
    separation(Contech VortClarex, TerreStorm) it
    comes from one end and water from the other end.
    Generally ineffective for emulsified water, but
    some spin faster/adjust pressure to work some
    degree of emulsion oil or 5µm droplet separation
    down to 5-10ppm is possible(Ultraspin
    Technology), 3way oil-water-solids
    separator(Enviro Voraxial, Clear Water Plasma),
    W(Degassing), ?

    Unlisted effect Fast
    cooling effect Use of Rankine Vortex to "chill
    on demand" drinks in round container including
    carbonated ones by spinning in cold water/ice
    slurry, from room 25C to 5C range in
    60(cans)-400(bottles)secs to save energy
    (V-tex cool, CooperCooler, SpinChill), much
    faster than Peltier devices, or freezer. - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
12Spiral Vortex/flowform continued 2
  • Use of vortex flow dynamics to improve even
    fibre dispersion uniform fibre direction
    setting at Hydraulic Headbox/Flowbox at
    papermaking machine to increase recovery, paper
    strength, and save water/material(Vortigen -
    Fluidics Microforming Systems / CK Aidun) - what
    happens if combined with magnets/FIR stock
  • WM Disputed effect Generally explained by
    improved aeration and some sort of WM denied
    vitalizing effect by pulsating rhythmic vortex
    flow, or voltage difference generated between
    water and rock/wall just aside of water flow.
    P(Odor remove, sludge reduction by process)(Muddy
    River Technologies, Vortex Flow Inc) combined
    vortex down and up in phase conjugate manner for
    faster effect (Mixaerator), Unique combination
    of aerobic bacteria film full of long pipe with
    periodical moderate sudden pressure reduction
    venturi for tankless wastewater treatment(Biopipe
    Global AG),
  • ? Weaker effect, AB(Descaling Anti
    corrosion)(Chesterton Vortex Divison), C(Algae
    germ stifling)(Bertil Pettersson Plus Minus),
    D(Algae germ stifling as water), I(Grease trap
    clean, kitchen odor removal,Catalyst to ferment
    food, drink, manure) aerobic bacteria
    activation, K(Dirty river water clarity or fish
    growth enhancement in flow)(Living Water
    Flowform) --gtgtcontinued - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
12Spiral Vortex/flowform continued 3
  • --gtgtcont WM Disputed effect ? Weaker
    occasionally claimed effect M(Spray-soak treated
    water to last food, less mold),
  • Generally WM Rejected effect, E2(Flavor
    enhancement on pasta, soup, coffee etc)(Prime
    Inventions) Weaker effect J(BODBiological
    Oxygen Demand reduce, AOPAdvanced Oxidizing
    Process, toxin/oil field/waste water) linked to
    last pages P type odor removing effect,
    O(Remove odor of dairy farm by feeding animals),
    Z(Plant/animal grow larger, faster nutritious,
    promotes fermentation), B2(Less plant water
    needs, higher soil water absorption), C2(Plant
    grow in salty water, Soil desalination), D2(Human
    preferred animal-plant-bacteria etc enhancement),
    F2(Human/Animal skin-dental enhance, medical
    boost) WM rejected claims of above are
    collectively made/implied for many
    devices(Pejosan, Alive Water, Grander Water)
    note they are often additionally equipped with
    other WM unapproved effects such as FarInfraRed
    emitting minerals, or subtle energy oscillating
    medium(actually measurable by some spectroscopy)
  • Large majority of devices combine other WM
    labeled pseudoscientific processes
    27Magnetic, 31Torsion, 32Scalar, 33Bioceramic
    etc. Often new age connotation implied when
    marketed to household use products - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed,
Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 13Nanobubble, Ultrafine bubble, Fine bubble,
    Microbubble Bubble size name is rather vaguely
    applied or differing definitions but generally
    10-300nm for nano and -1-50 µm(1,000-50,000nm)
    for micro bubble as indicator. Sometimes "hidden
    under" name of DAF(Dissolved Air Floatation)-
    nanobubble doesn't float stay in water, while
    microbubble disappears-implodes with
    cavitation(with hydroxyl radical generation).
    Effects differ by bubble content mainly use of
    Air, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Ozone, CO2, Helium, Inert
    gas. Production method Generally following
    methods are applied- some are related to the
    cause of other bioactivating unorthodox effects
    Vortex Hydrodynamic cavitation, High pressure
    gas injection, Gas mixed superheated steam
    injection, Venturi, Acoustic Cavitation,
    Electrolysis, Electric Pulse - Microplasma,
    Conductive Nanoceramic etc.
  • WM Accepted effect A(Scale prevention),
    C(bacteria-algae stifling process by bubbling)
    Killing virus without corroding effect on
    metal( ), Ballast Water
    treatment(Gascon, HondaKiko) by at least
    partially with impact of bubbles cavitation,
    Calcium etc broken down kept in solution by
    Hydroxyl generated, but most major effect is
    likely to do with double-layer type
    charge-electron-current effect negative ion
    around bubble to give electrons or generate
    hydroxyl. Vitalizing larger bioorganism or stifle
    rust but tends to kill virus. - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble continued 2
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effect

    E (Industrial
    type heavy cleaner, particularly effective for IT
    industry type use precision parts /semi conductor
    cleaning),( deemed most effective
    washing medium in some applications(See section
    48Nitrogen CO2 infused water), Also done in
    other methods to increase effectiveness(section
    58Ion Projection,) charging particles to reduce
    zeta potential (by nanobubbles surrounding it),
    combining Ultrasonic(Ultrasonic-Labo), Self
    cleaning mechanics of bathtub etc(Mitsubishi
    Electric microbubble EcoCute self-cleaning), ?

    Commercial or residential interior
    cleaning by amplifying negative electrical charge
    of nanobubbles by electric field to trigger
    electroporation effect on germs(Tennant ActiveIon
    - Orbio ec-H2O Technology) effective
  • Also probably hydroxyl radical is created as
    bubbles burst in the process(though manufacturer
    doesn't claim it), Orbio's cleaning effect is by
    regular negative charge "sucking" of ultrafine
    bubbles with positive charged dirt- this unique
    tech mechanics is completely WM science legal but
    selectively pseudoscientized by WM media(even
    court system took media science's "advice") in
    Europe and North America both - probably business
    lobby's damage control(of this 30,000 location
    validated tech) action due to Tennant's
    mainstream status? - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble continued 3
  • gt continued WM Accepted effect

    J(Waste water cleaning) Combine electrolysis to
    have electroflotation effect(Tokai-nsi), but
    even regular Ozone infusion method is deemed
    quite effective(Toa electronics group, Aisan
    ecomax ), floatation
    methods(Nippon Steel Sumikin) Use of find
    bubble range - super fine bubble or Nanobble
    doesn't float. M(Spray-soak-dip in- to last
    food, less mold, Deoxydized Nitrogen/CO2 bubble
    water for long term fish/seashell stock
    keeping(Nanox Co Ltd), Use of Oxygen nanobubble
    to freeze revive some fish etc,), N(Food
    detergent)(??????, ES????),

  • P(Odor sludge reduction) by oxygen
    aeration(3-4times dissolving of normal aeration),
    is good, but Ultrafine ozone bubble lasts up to
    12hrs(Hikari-Kurie, Nac-nmg Foamest, Sionix),
    Q(Metal working fluid, cutting fluid, cleaning
    nano debris off knives to make it last longer,
    also very effective including splash reduction
    effect),(, R(Clean metal precision
    equipment parts), S(Separation of
    toxin/impurities) by flocculation(
    ), T(Even dyeing, paint production),
    W(Degassing, detoxication), Unlisted effect
    Fast dissolving of gas with water(NanoTera
  • ?????? - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble continued 4
  • Japan mainstream use but as sometimes WM Disputed
    effect, or under exaggerated capability, probably
    this would have been treated as full
    pseudosicence if claims were from Russia or
    China D(Algae germ stifling water, The
    nanobubble its effect remains in water for at
    least several days), Vortex aeration
    style(Tec-kak), when sealed nanobubbled Ozone
    continues to exists in water for 6months(Opt
    Creation Inc), possibly H2 also(both
    pseudoscientized by WM), Low pH Ozone infused to
    minimized metal corrosion- using Diamond
    electrolysis?(Naturescompany jp),
  • F(Laundry detergent effect),(Mitsubishi
    Electric), Effective with pet bathing when Ozone
    is used(
    ), G(toilet clean, stain on wall etc)(Ligaric)
    including odor removal, which is suitable as
    water is faster drying than regular water, Food
    detergent(Idec Izumi), H(Oil-water separation)
    Can break demulsion, Lower cost with improved
    separation than conventional types (BLdynamics,
    Tec-Kak), microbubble size is more effective in
    large volume industrial set up --gtgtcont

?????? ?????????? - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble continued 5
  • gtgtcontinue WM Disputed

  • K(Dirty smelly lake/river/sea water clarity
    increase), F2(Human animal skin/dental/enhance,
    insect bite treatment, bioenhancement against
    disease, cell protection etc),(Anzaimcs),
    significantly higher warming capability over
    regular hot water(Micro-bub)
  • Occasionally claimed Y(Insectcide herb
  • Weaker effect L(Drinking water generationnon
    desalination) more often used as one key part
    within a multiple processes treatment method,
    Also as single process is viable in more limited
    situations, V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation,
    more heat conductive(Anzaimcs), G2(Energy
    production, combustion assistance, efficiency
    improvement) Emulsion(Malufuku), Ocean freight
    water friction reduction for additionally better
    gas mileage(Aura-tec com), H2(soil
    consolidation, geosynthetics) earthquake
    reinforcement etc(SatoKogyo jp) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
13Nanobubble continued 6
  • gtgtcontinue WM Disputed

  • Unlisted effect Significant advantage in food
    processing(Idec Izumi),
    Acidity control by CO2 nanobubble
    injection(TechCorporation jp),
    Large sized microbubble reduces
    residential water use by 20-30(TanakaKinzoku),
    Medical absorption tracing, Omission of
    expensive high pressure high temperature
    reactor possible in some cases bubble cavitation
    effect combined with something else causes same
    chemical alteration effect usually requires
    expensive set up high energy eg room
    temp/pressure generation of super low cost
    artificial hydrocarbon creation from H2O
    CO2(see section 63' "Anomalous processes
    effects" iv- "Fossil Fuel")
  • B(anticorrosion)but effect seems
  • Generally WM Rejected effect, Z(plant/animal grow
    larger-faster, and increased nutrition value as
    irrigation water, less smell of cattle residence,
    promotes bioenhancing type fermentation, Catalyst
    to ferment or decompose food, drink,
    manure)(, ), Fertilizer
    effect by nitrogen nanobubble?(Ok Engineering
    finebubble), Ozone finebubble(Blue Planet
    Environmental), Significant chicken egg
    production quality increase(HUCK UFB jp), fish
    enhancement, reviving dying fish(Nikuni jp, REO
    ???), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic water treatment Effect mix of
Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western
  • 14Photocatalytic water treatment, mainly
    Titanium Dioxide TiO2, some Tungsten Trioxide
    WO3. Cu doped TiO2 might be most catalysis
    producing under UV for commercialized models. H2O
    reacts to make Hydroxyl radical, H2O2. This
    applies not only to water filled surface but air
    cleaner mechanics(not on tech list) by catalyst
    applied surface contact airborne water/moisture
    creates Oxidizing agents,
  • Despite wide publicity actual commercialization
    is relatively rare outside Japan UV light based
    effect on producing Reactive Oxygen Species(ROS
    hydroxyl radicalOH, Hydrogen PeroxideH2O2,
    Superoxide AnionO2- etc), or Reactive Nitrogen
    Species(RNS Nitric OxideNO etc), is WM media
    approved, but media some NGOs/Gov'ts sometimes
    make other versions(Electrolysis, Plasma
    arc/pulse with-without UV, Photocatalysis,
    Nanobubble, Ultrasonic, Hydrodynamic Cavitation
    etc) pseudoscience visible light- eg UV
    light is not required(WM science legal) or no
    light(some illegal) photocatalysis, - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 2
  • This slow deployment of tech might be a
    reasonable move as full effect validation at WM
    media can be more disruptive than many other tech
    effects for wide applicability and displacement
    of existing more expensive chemical based
    tech(which also creates additional clean up
  • WM Accepted effect B(anticorrosion of water
    pipe) by C(killing bacteria removing
    biofilms),works well as self cleaning(due to
    photocatalytic hydrophilicity effect) surfacing
    in permanently dark area by combining with
    Platinum etc(WM unapproved)(EcoKimera, Zen-World
    AirPlot), Swimming pool applications to replace
    Chlorine (This is WM media unapproved)
    (Newmarins,, (Medical focus on
    hospital floor-wall-window to clothing
    fabric-curtain-bedding(, Filter
    combined with other "elecrocharging"matter like
    electret or electroconductive polymer for strong
    disinfection (, Smog
    cleaning by coating on pavement tunnel
    wall(???????? photo), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 3
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted effect

    G(Laundry detergent, Self cleaning
    toilet-glass-wall etc, many work with visible
    light, not necessarily UV light as catalytic
    process)(also WM rejected no light product
    exists silver etc combined), Quite effective in
    some situation as is due to continuous hydroxyl
    production, from waste water to pool
    disinfection, Hospital wall-floor disinfection
    (Seiwa Inc Kogyo),
  • Paint or Spray on surface to make self cleaning
    by water once applied liquid dries, effect lasts
    from 0.5-5 yrs, non-binder use type hardsurface
    coating claims 10-20yrs,(, Gaera
    hikari, Nakaya-se, Cata-Rise) including high
    traffic soft surface car seats, fabric,
    clothing, glass etc, also effective in room
    walls-carpets-celling for smoking and perfume
    odor removal. This will only substantially
    reduce but still needs cleaning especially in no
    natural rain area. Self cleaning house(PanaHome
    Carry on laundry ball(????,

    (Toilet stain, odor removal by water), Special
    coating onto high water traffic surface
    urinal.(Toshiba ReneCat, TOTO Hydrotect) Can be
    very effective. Also after market coating for
    Urinal/bathtub(GGC-eco Titanium) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 4
  • --gtgtcont WM Accepted effect

    H(oil-water separation) also
    demulsion by photocatalytic reaction to alter
    oleophilic filter to oleophobic -no
    commercialization found. J(BOD reduction, AOP of
    waste water, toxin/oil field water water
    cleaning), cheaper replacement of chlorine,
    killer hydroxyl disappears quickly and can be
    used for drinking/food process(CatalySystems),
    Light industrial waste water(R-Energy jp), TiO2
    containing ceramic reacts when irrdiated by UV,
    but this is amplified due to self electricity
    generating Tourmaline is contained(
    Combined ultrasonic to increase
    effectiveness(this part WM disapproved),(Titanysta
  • Dioxin PCB decomposing specialty
    (, Industrial/pesticide storage with
    Toluene and Xylene etc leaking, Housing
    Formaldehyde(MaryshoSangyo jp), Ballast water
    treatment combined with other processes(Headway
    OceanGuard), Circulating water for fish
    farms(Fish-agro ru)
  • M(Spray-soak-dip-in to last food or less mold,
    clean air), platinum based types has high
    capacity to absorb vegetable rotting ethylene gas
    but there is also additionally some kind of WM
    unapproved residual bio-vitalization effect
    (Fuji Kihan Titan ????),

????????? superzero - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 5
  • gtgtcontinued WM Accepted effect
    M(Spray-soak-dip-in to last food or less mold,
    clean air)

  • Air cleaning(water mist is involved so included
    in this water tech presentation) is a major std
    application in Japan, it is not pseudoscientized
    but rather ignored or quietly installed without
    major reference to it by many other Western ally
    nations No filter replacement, can use indoor
    lights walls-glasses-filters-clothing-floor-urina
    l self washing-deodoring-germ-killing-oilmist-deco
    mposing capability(Showa Denko),
  • Some of no bonding agent used photocatalytic
    material(doesnt peel off) or no UV requirement
    types are much more effective than others(but
    these types are WM science level approved, media
    unapproved), and there are antibacteria metal ion
    fused no light requirement types that are super
    effective(Fujico HardFacing MaSSC),(WM generally
    ignored-rejected outside Japan), Because this air
    cleaning includes decomposing mold and
    Ethylene(C2H4), food in closed room last 3-4
    times longer(Air-cleaner Seiwa Kogyo)/cut flower
    storage or transportation(TankaFresh, Daikoh
    Kaizoukun), Light stand air cleaner/airborne
    germ decomposer(, Combined with
    humidifier for room cleaning(Hitachi ????)
    --gtgtcontinued - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 6
  • gtgtcontinued WM Accepted effect
  • N(Food detergent),
  • L(Drinking water generationnon desalination)
    categorized "weak" only because it takes more
    time than other processes, but effect itself is
    firm and strong. Used as key part of process
    sometimes but stand alone photocatalytic type
    water purifier commercialization doesnt seem to
    be allowed at this time except small portable
    carrying/military type(Puralytics).
  • This is a much simpler technology compared to
    other photocatalytic applications coat any
    plastic or glass containers with non toxic
    photocatalyst but ALL mainstream producers stops
    production during very high demand before 2013 or
    keep putting off new commercialization while
    calling it very promising technology(Panasonic
    Water Purification, ?????), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 7
  • gtgtcontinued WM Accepted weak effect

    P(Odor remove, sludge reduction by
    process) weak effect on turbid water or no light
    reaching matter surface even for pseudoscentized
    stronger effect no light photocatalytic types,
    This application has similar track record to aL
    Drinking water from around yr 2000,
    commercialization has been discussed yet no
    mainstream group came up with a system, currently
    seemingly only used part application of UV light
    reaction AOP type, not sun light or even LED
    light using types(Takemura-SS,,
  • G2(Energy production- H2 produced from water with
    light), this research is not aware of
  • Unlisted effects Mold Prevention including in
    high moisture or constantly wet
    surface(MarushoSangyo jp), Non fogging
    window(Asaka Riken Rinko), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
14Photocatalytic continued 8
  • WM Disputed effect Rare claims A(pipe
    descaling) by changing solutes nucleation in
    water, D(as algae germ stifling as water),
  • Generally WM Rejected effect, Occasionally
    claimed, When made by Nano Titan Fine Particle
    Bombardment(FRB) on platinum or ceramic surface
    oxidizing quality yet also strong andioxidannt
    quality(Fuji Kihan Titan). FPB fusing effect of
    platinum titan causing anomalous effect?,
    K(Dirty lake smell cleaning, fish enhancement),
    O(remove odor of dairy farm by feeding water to
    animals), X(Lower redox value water, alkaline
    effect), Y(Insecticide, herb stifler),
    Z(Pant/animal grow larger, faster, nutritious,
    less smell, increase fermentation, Catalyst to
    ferment food, drink, manure/decompose),
    E2(Enhance Flavor of bakery/pasta/coffee/rice/soup
    ), - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
15EDI CDI Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed,
Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM)
  • 15EDI CDI Electro De-Ionization(demineralizi
    ng thru membrane), CDI Capacitive
    De-Ionization (porous electrode absorbing ion)

    WM Accepted effect Widely used for Pure water
    production- sometimes competitively used for
    L(Drinking water generationnon
    desalination)(eg combined with water spiral
    BWT SEPTRON), A2(Salt water desalination)(eg
    WiseWater Pte, TGH2O, HydroNovation), many
    commercialized techs are competitive in
    low(lt10,000ppm) salinity only, Advanced low
    Capex-Opex high salinity application far beyond
    sea water(35,000ppm) level(Atlantis
    technologies) Radial Deionization with
    ultralong fast treating water flow(upto 10m)
    supercapacitor pair with dielectric spacer in a
    Concentric Tube.
  • But actually several mostly uncommercialized
    techs are much lower power use
    eg1 by tuning the
    applied voltage frequency into natural frequency
    of filtering structure to cause standing wave
    resonance( This
    tricky-not always repeatable(resonance freq its
    intensity seems to differ by various elements)-
    but exact mechanics is used for many types of
    over-unity energy devices including water based
    H2 producing devices(see 29'HHO, 63' Other
    Anomalous Effectswater based energy

    eg2 No membrane/resin using micropower
    electrogradiant generator WaterChip based
    desalination(Okeanostech) For other range of
    super low cost desalination being shelved or
    actually quietly installed see 10'Ultrasonic,
    11'Hydrodynamic Cavitation, 56'Nanofiltration,
    61'Membrane Distillation. - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
15EDI CDI continued 2
  • --gtgt cont WM Accepted effects, A2(Salt water
  • eg3 Combo of EDI RO type tech for heavier salt
    content effectiveness High Efficiency Electro
    Pressure Membrane(EET Corp)
  • Effective Industrial water desalination by combo
    of RO, EDI and Nanofiltration elements(ElectroChem
    Saltworks Technolgies),
  • As weaker effect, in rare cases used for
    A(Descaling effect)(QUA group), B(De-corrosion),
    C(Germ stifling, Bacteria removal), P(Odor
    remove, sludge reduction by process) as a side
    use. G2(energy harvesting) with CO2, research
    level only(Hamelers),
  • Other commercialized eg (Evoqua, Vertex
    Hydropore, Aqua EWP )
  • Media level occasionally Disputed its cost
    effectiveness J(some of heavy metal type toxin
    or part of wastewater cleaning) but innovative
    ElectroStatic Deionization(ESD) demonstrates
    significantly lower cost effect than conventional
    ROs etc for certain water cleaning task(Enpar
    Technologies)- similar mechanics to last page's
    radial deionization, Some are robust enough to
    treat light industrial/laundry wastewater, or
    cooling tower water at low cost(Voltea capDI),
    Customizable specific mineral salt
  • Generally WM Rejected Z(Enhanced growth,
    nutrition, of plant-animal, fermentation
    catalyst), C2(Plant growth in salty/toxic water,
    soil enhancement) - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
16-18General Electrolysis Introduction
  • This whole presentation has more than 14
    categorized sections of Electrolysis related tech
    processes, but here specifically referring in
    relation to electrolysis in section 16Alkaline
    water, 17Acid water, 18Mix water(one chamber
    anode-cathode undivided water flow). There are
    many variations that produce different water
    qualities, commercialized applications, effect
    lasting abilities, varied effectiveness even for
    the same chemical or pH component.
  • Generally speaking, electrochemical process
    discussed in sections 16-18 requires only
    negligible amount of salt (NaCl), or Potassium
    hydroxide(KOH) etc, to be added in water to
    electrolyze, or simply regular chlorinated tab
    water suffices(Membrane can work as electrolyte
    to electrolyze pure water also). Amount of
    electrolyte is low enough to often qualify as
    fresh water with salt content lt0.1 or lt0.05
    (definition depends on country), most of them are
    max lt0.2 (Ocean water is average 3.5 35,000ppm
    NaCl). --gtgt continued - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Analysis,
Vancouver, Canada
General Electrolysis Introduction 2(for section
  • Water effect differs due to variation of
    Electrolysis mechanics
    ?Chamber separation membrane type(eg bioceramic
    mineral polymer etc), ?Electrode materials,
    ?Temperature, ? of chambers, ?Duration,
    ?Different Electrolyte use, ?Voltage gap between
    electrodes, ?Air pressure, ?pH, ?Background EM
    radiation intensity frequency,
    ?Pre-treatment(eg Magnetic, Acoustic or EM
    waveUV, MW, FIR, Thz Vortex, SuperCritical,
    Cavitation, Electrolysis etc), ?Original infeed
    water content(same drinking water by region
    actually significantly differs) etc. Large of
    undetermined/unagreed mechanics and water effects
    exist at Western Mainstream fringe level both.
  • Tech gap in Electrolysis by affiliation/nations
    is not like other regular water tech division
    between Western ally vs non Western Significant
    technology acceptance gap amongst Western ally
    nations Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, frequent
    Western science "law" ignoring Russia/China etc
    vs rest of the world including many in West.
    Additional large gap between formal science and
    WM media approved science by latter rejecting
    some of former when seemingly economically
    disruptive. - Ben
Rusuisiak Specialty Cleantech Research,
Vancouver, Canada
General Electrolysis Introduction 3(for section
  • ?A - ACID WATER, Main effect element contents

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