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Jacksonian America

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Jacksonian America A08 7.10.15 GUIDING QUESTION The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been characterized as the era of the common man. To what extent did the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian America


1
Jacksonian America
  • A08
  • 7.10.15

2
GUIDING QUESTION
  • The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been
    characterized as the era of the common man. To
    what extent did the period live up to its
    characterizations?
  • Consider Political, economic, social developments

3
DOCUMENT QUESTION
  • Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the
    guardians of the United States Constitution,
    political democracy, individual liberty, and
    equality of opportunity. In light of the
    following documents and your knowledge of the
    1820s and 1830s, to what extent do you agree with
    the Jacksonians view of themselves? (1990 DBQ)

4
A. JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
5
Population Trends Westward Expansion, 1830
6
GUIDING QUESTION
  • What accounts for the development of democracy
    between 1820 and 1840?
  • Changes in electoral politics
  • Jacksonian economic policy
  • Westward movement

7
Presidential election, 1828
8
1828 Presidential electionVote by county
9
Jacksons first inaugural reception
10
JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
  • Andrew Jackson
  • democracy
  • Jacksons Democratic Agenda
  • interests of the common man
  • limited federal government
  • western expansion and settlement
  • rotation in office
  • not necessarily the spoils system

11
Expansion of Political Participation
  • Reasons for increases in mass political
    participation
  • Expansion of Suffrage
  • elimination of property requirements
  • Printed ballots
  • Political conventions
  • party caucuses
  • Candidates with popular appeal
  • Campaigns
  • Partisan Newspapers

The Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,
1800-1830
12
Voter TurnoutBefore the Civil War
13
Expansion of Democracy
The Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,
1800-1830
14
The Burgeoning of Newspapers
15
The Rise of Mass Politics  The Expanding
Electorate
16
B. EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM
17
GUIDING QUESTION
  • Why did a two party system reemerge in the period
    1820-1840?
  • Major political personalities
  • Economic issues
  • States rights

18
B. EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM
  • Second Party System
  • Democrats
  • Whigs
  • The Great Triumvirate

Henry Clay
Daniel Webster
John Calhoun
19
Voter Turnout by Party1824-1840
20
(No Transcript)
21
Second Party System (1828-ca. 1854)
22
C. FEDERAL AUTHORITY ITS OPPONENTS
23
1. NULLIFICATION CRISIS
  • Tariff of Abominations 1828
  • John Calhoun
  • Nullification
  • South Carolina Exposition and Protest
  • Nullification Crisis
  • Nullification Act
  • Force Bill
  • Crisis Averted
  • Significance

John C. Calhoun (Library of Congress)
24
The Nullification Crisis  
Our Federal Union- It must be preserved Andr
ew Jackson
The Union- next to our Liberty most
dear John Calhoun
25
THE BANK WAR
  • (2nd) Bank of the United States
  • Nicholas Biddle
  • Soft money/hard money
  • The Bank War
  • Pet Banks

Nicholas Biddle
26
1832 Presidential election
27
King Andrew I
28
Assassination attempt on Andrew Jackson, 1835.
29
Removal of federal deposits from the Second Bank
of the United States
30
Presidential election, 1836
31
THE BANK WAR AFTERAFFECTS
  • specie circular
  • Martin Van Buren
  • The Panic of 1837

Western Land Sales, 1800-1860
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren (Library of Congress)
32
D. INDIAN REMOVAL
33
INDIAN REMOVAL
  • Changing Views of Indians
  • 1790 to 1820s treaties, foreign nations
  • Assimilation
  • noble savages vs. savages

34
(No Transcript)
35
Southern Indian Nations Before Removal
36
INDIAN REMOVAL
  • Removal
  • Removal Act of 1830
  • Blackhawk War Sauk and Fox Indians
  • Five civilized tribes Creek, Chickasaw,
    Choctaw, Cherokee, Seminoles
  • Cherokees
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
  • Worcester v. Georgia
  • John Marshall has made his opinion, now let him
    enforce it
  • Trail of Tears
  • Seminole War - Osceola

37
(No Transcript)
38
The Removal of Native Americans, 1820-1843
THE REMOVAL OF NATIVE AMERICANS, 1820-1843
39
The Removal of the Indians
The Removal of the Eastern Indians
40
Indian Removal
41
E. ELECTION OF 1840
42
ELECTION OF 1840
  • Election of 1840
  • William Henry Harrison
  • Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
  • Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign

William Henry Harrison (Library of
Congress)
43
ELECTION OF 1840
  • Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign
  • Harrison Campaign Poster
  • (Library of Congress)

44
ELECTION OF 1840
  • Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign
  • Harrison Campaign Poster
  • (Library of Congress)

45
Presidential election, 1840
46
Presidential election, 1840Results by County
47
ELECTION OF 1840
Harrisons Inauguration (Library of Congress)
John Tyler (Library of Congress)
48
Tomb of William Henry HarrisonNorth Bend
49
UNIT QUESTION
  • To what extent were developments during the
    period 1800-1824 consistent with the vision of
    Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans, as opposed
    to the vision of Hamilton and the Federalists?

50
UNIT QUESTION
  • Historians have traditionally labeled the period
    after the War of 1812 (1815-1825) the Era of
    Good Feelings. How accurate was this label,
    considering the emergence of nationalism and
    sectionalism during the period?

51
UNIT QUESTION
  • The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been
    characterized as the era of the common man. To
    what extent did the period live up to its
    characterizations?
  • Consider the following
  • Politics,
  • economic development,
  • Federal vs. state power
  • treatment of Native Americans,

52
Sources
  • Wadsworth.com
  • http//www.wadsworth.com/history_d/templates/stude
    nt_resources/0534593550_carroll/maps/carrollmaps.h
    tml
  • http//www.wadsworth.com/history_d/special_feature
    s/image_bank_US/images/maps/
  • http//www.wadsworth.com/history_d/special_feature
    s/image_bank_US/
  • http//teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/
  • Brinkley 10e
  • Faragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.
    http//wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Divine, America Past Present 7e
  • Henretta, Americas History 5e from
    http//www.bedfordstmartins.com/mapcentral
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