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JACKSONIAN ERA 1824-1840

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Title: JACKSONIAN ERA 1824-1840


1
JACKSONIAN ERA 1824-1840
2
AGE OF JACKSON ELECTION OF 1824
  • CANDIDATES
  • NORTHEAST
  • SOUTH
  • WEST
  • ISSUES
  • RESULTS Corrupt Bargain ??
  • PRESIDENCY OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS
  • Did not believe public opinion should influence
    government policies. ???
  • Created the Department of the Interior
  • 1st to hold regular Presidential News
    Conferences
  • Signed the Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of
    Abominations)
  • Proposed (failed to pass)
  • National Observatory
  • National University

3
MARKET REVOLUTION 1805-1830
  • TRANSPORTATION REVOLUTION
  • RIVER TRAFFICSTEAM BOAT
  • ROAD CONSTRUCTION
  • TOLL ROADS
  • TURNPIKES
  • NATIONAL ROAD
  • CANALS
  • ERIE CANAL
  • RAILROADS
  • PETER COOPER
  • BEST FRIEND OF CHARLESTON
  • RISE OF NEW YORK CITY
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION
  • TEXTILESSamuel Slater, Moses Brown
  • CORPORATIONS
  • LABOR SYSTEMS
  • WALTHAM-LOWELL
  • RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM

4
OTHER FACTORS THAT LED TO AN EXPANDING AMERICAN
ECONOMY 1815-1840
  • 1. POPULATION GROWTH
  • IMMIGRATION
  • 2. AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
  • CHEAP LAND
  • URBAN MARKETS
  • UPLAND COTTON (SOUTH)
  • 3. LUMBERING BUSINESS
  • BUILDING MATERIALS
  • PAPER PRODUCTS
  • 4. FUR TRADE
  • JOHN JACOB ASTOR
  • MOUNTAIN MEN
  • 5. FISHING
  • NE WHALING
  • CHESAPEAKE CRABS
  • GULF COAST SHRIMPING
  • 6. TRADE WITH SPANISH (1820S)
  • WEST TEXAS, NEW MEXICO

5
AMERICAS CULTURAL CHANGES 1810S-1860S
  • 2ND GREAT AWAKENING
  • Frontier religious movement
  • Charles Finney
  • Rise of Methodism, Presbyterianism and Baptists
  • Christianizing the slaves.
  • TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau
  • REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Education
  • Treatment of the insane
  • Feminism
  • Prison reform

6
ERA OF THE COMMON MANJACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
  • ELECTION OF 1828
  • CANDIDATES
  • ISSUES Tariff of Abominations, Corrupt Bargain,
    personalities
  • RESULTS
  • CALHOUNS SC EXPOSITION AND PROTEST
  • ANDREW JACKSONS ADMINISTRATION
  • COMMON MAN JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY V.
    JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY
  • SPOILS SYSTEM KITCHEN CABINET (Eaton Affair)
  • MAJOR ISSUES
  • 1. NULLIFICATION CRISIS
  • TARIFF OF 1828
  • TARIFF OF 1832
  • NOV. 1832SC NULLIFIED THE TARIFF, EFFECTIVE FEB.
    1, 1833
  • Jackson statednullification is disunion and
    disunion is treason.
  • SC GovernorIf we dont win over tariffs, then
    we will lose over slavery.
  • Militia groups openly trained expecting an attack
    by Jackson.
  • JAN. 1833FORCE BILL
  • JAN. 1833 TARIFF COMPROMISE OF 1833
  • 2. BANK WAR

Gen. WinfieldScott
7
MAJOR ISSUES CONTINUED
  • 1823 Nicholas BiddlePres. of the 2nd B.U.S.
  • Aristocratic, elitist
  • Foreign investors
  • Used the 2nd B.U.S. as a tool to control reckless
    banking.
  • Small state banks were printing unbacked Bank
    Notes (reckless banking)
  • Threaten Bank runs.
  • New Bank Bill introduced 1832 3rd Bank of US--
    Henry Clay
  • Veto
  • Election of 1832
  • Bank War
  • Pet Banks
  • Reckless Loaning
  • Inflationary spiral
  • Panic of 1837
  • 3. INDIAN REMOVAL
  • INDIAN REMOVAL ACT 1830
  • TREATY OF DANCING RABBIT CREEK-1830
  • REMOVAL OF THE CHEROKEE
  • 1829 GEORGIA STATE LAW

8
ELECTION OF 1836
  • NEW PARTYWHIGS
  • ELECTION STRATEGY
  • CANDIDATES
  • VAN BURENS ADMINISTRATION 1837-1841
  • INHERITED FROM JACKSONS PRESIDENCY
  • SEMINOLE WAR
  • ANNEXATION OF TEXAS

9
  • Van Buren continued
  • Caroline Affair 1837
  • Aroostook War (Potato War)1838-39
  • The Amistad Trial 1838
  • Panic of 1837
  • Election of 1840 Log Cabin Campaign
  • Candidates
  • Issues/campaign
  • Results
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