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Reform Movements in America

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Reform Movements in America Public Education Before 1860, only two states made school mandatory Few children went to school beyond the age of 10 In the 1830 s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reform Movements in America


1
Reform Movements in America
2
Public Education
  • Before 1860, only two states made school
    mandatory
  • Few children went to school beyond the age of 10
  • In the 1830s Americans begin to demand
    tax-supported public schools
  • Horace Mann, an educator of Massachusetts, helped
    establish teacher training programs and also
    doubled the money that his state spent on schools
  • Public schools in the South and the West took
    longer to be established

3
Abolition Movement
  • Abolitionmovement to end slavery
  • led by preachers who believed slavery was a
    national sin
  • 1820s, over 100 antislavery societies call for
    resettlement in Africa
  • William Lloyd Garrison, white abolitionist
  • Publishes The Liberator, demands immediate
    emancipation- the freeing of slaves, with no
    payment to slave holders

4
William Lloyd Garrison
5
Abolition Movement
  • Frederick Douglass, former slave, speaks out on
    slavery
  • Begins his own antislavery newspaper, The North
    Star
  • Sarah and Angela Grimke
  • These women spoke out against slavery and gender
    inequality
  • Ran school for women

6
Temperance Movement
  • Temperance Movement- movement led by churches to
    prohibit the drinking of alcohol
  • By 1833, over 6,000 temperance societies were
    established throughout the U.S
  • This movement would eventually cause the U.S to
    pass the 18th Amendment in 1917

7
You Decide
8
You Decide
9
You Decide
10
You Decide
11
Women and Reform
  • Cult of Domesticity- idea that housework and
    childcare were the only proper activities for
    married women
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott call
    womens rights convention
  • 1848 Seneca Falls Convention (first womens
    rights convention)- approves declaration of
    womens rights
  • The declaration of womens right was passed
    unanimously, except for 1 issue
  • The resolution given the women the right to vote
    was only narrowly passed

12
Andrew Jackson
  • Expanding Suffrage
  • During Adams presidency (1824-1828) most states
    eased the voting requirements
  • fewer states had property qualifications for
    voting
  • the voting population was enlarged
  • Andrew Jackson wins election (1828), has support
    of common people

13
Jacksonian Style
  • Jacksonian democracyideal of political power for
    all classes
  • Spoils system- political supporters of the
    president get jobs based on political loyalty,
    campaign donations and support during election
    years
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