Nubian, Olmec, and Chavin Civilizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 18
About This Presentation
Title:

Nubian, Olmec, and Chavin Civilizations

Description:

Nubian, Olmec, and Chavin Civilizations Nubia, 3100BCE 350CE Aswan and Khartoum Trade center Sub Saharan Africa and Mediterranean Resources: gold, copper ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:174
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: mvlaNette
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Nubian, Olmec, and Chavin Civilizations


1
Nubian, Olmec, and Chavin Civilizations
2
Nubia, 3100BCE 350CE
  • Aswan and Khartoum
  • Trade center Sub Saharan Africa and
    Mediterranean
  • Resources gold, copper, stones
  • Nile, irrigation, trade (boats/caravans to avoid
    cataracts)
  • Bantu migrations- farmers in the Sahel migrate
    East and South

3
(No Transcript)
4
Early Cultures and Egyptian Domination, 2300
1100 BCE
  • Old Kingdom Egypt sought riches that came through
    Nubia
  • Middle Kingdom Egypt more aggressive, wanted
    more control (forts), mostly peaceful
  • 1750 BCE Kingdom of Kush huge mud brick
    monuments
  • Belief in afterlife (possessions
    sacrificed/buried)
  • New Kingdom Egypt destroyed Kush, ruled over
    Nubia, exploited for gold
  • Egypt imposed culture (elites, military,
    manufactured goods, towns, gods)

5
QUESTIONS
  • Review core/periphery terms. Was Nubia ever a
    core civilization?
  • How did the technological and cultural influences
    of Egypt affect the formation of Nubia?

6
(No Transcript)
7
Kingdom of Meroe, 800 BCE 350 CE
  • 1200 BCE - Egypt loses control over Nubia (Napata
    and Meroe)
  • Brief control over Egypt, lost when they
    challenged the Assyrians, Egyptian cultural
    influence continued
  • 4th c. BCE Meroe (trade, agriculture), sub
    Saharan culture, new language, new deities
  • Matrilineal system (queens involved in warfare,
    diplomacy, monumental buildings)
  • City of Meroe huge, reservoirs, iron smelting
  • Collapsed 4th c. BCE (nomads on camels, loss of
    trade)

8
(No Transcript)
9
QUESTIONS
  • Compare/contrast what we know about the role of
    women in Egyptian and Nubian society.
  • What was the importance of trade to the native
    civilizations that emerged along the Nile south
    of Egypt?

10
Early American Civilizations
  • Arrival of humans to Americas contested (35,000
    to 13,000 BCE) isolated
  • Environment (Guns, Germs, and Steel thesis see
    page 9 in textbook)
  • Elites organized population to change environment
    for their needs
  • 1000 BCE Olmec (Mesoamerica) and Chavin (Andes)

11
(No Transcript)
12
(No Transcript)
13
Olmecs 1200BCE 400BCE
  • Located in Mexico (near Veracruz)
  • Grew corn beans and squash primarily
  • Vast trade networks, encompassing very diverse
    areas, but small territory relative to land
    available- no empire/political unification
  • Each center seems to have fallen due to a violent
    rebellion (defaced monuments)
  • Colossal mounds used in religious ceremonies,
    importance of animal motifs, calendar/writing
  • Clear social structure, elites controlled labor
    pool (increased food production), merchants

14
OLMEC ART
15
Question
  • Compare the Olmec Empire to the River Valley
    civilizations. What similarities/differences can
    you find socially, politically, economically,
    and religiously.

16
Chavin 900 250 BCE
  • Very diverse environment (Andes mountains,
    jungles, coastal plains)
  • Maize, quinoa, potatoes, LLAMAS
  • Center of regional trade
  • System of reciprocal labor obligations
    (monumental structures and irrigation)
  • American metallurgy first developed in Andean
    region
  • Not conquered or brought down by rebellion
  • Rulers were buried with lots of gold, etc.
  • Similar religious beliefs as Olmecs- jaguars,
    priests/shamans, etc.

17
(No Transcript)
18
QUESTIONS
  • What role did nature and the environment play in
    the development of early civilizations in the
    Americas? (What geographic challenges did
    American civilizations face that Euro-Asian
    civilizations did not?)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com