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Meso-American Civilizations

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Meso-American Civilizations Central American Civilizations Olmec - 1500BCE-200CE Maya 200-1200CE Aztecs 1350-1530 * * Quick Review of Course Cycle of Civilization ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Meso-American Civilizations


1
Meso-American Civilizations
  • Central American Civilizations
  • Olmec - 1500BCE-200CE
  • Maya 200-1200CE
  • Aztecs 1350-1530

2
Quick Review of Course
  • Cycle of Civilization ODPD Origin,
    Development, Peak, Decline
  • Paleolithic nomadic hunter gatherer
  • Neolithic civilization, agricultural
    revolution, cities
  • 4 River Valley Civilizations
  • China
  • India
  • Africa
  • Middle East

3
  • China 8000 bce 600 ce
  • SZQH
  • Europe
  • MMGHRR
  • Middle East
  • SBAP
  • India
  • IAMG
  • Africa Egypt
  • South America Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Inca

4
South America
  • Many older Civilizations across South America are
    united by the Inca
  • Inca 1350 - 1530

5
MesoAmerican Civilization OriginsOlmec 1500 BCE
200 CE
6
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7
Geography
  • Yukatan Penninsula
  • located on the hot, humid coasts of the Gulf of
    Mexico
  • surrounded by rain forests, grasslands, and swamps

8
Olmec Politics
  • Called Cult of the Jaguar
  • City state government that united for religious
    celebrations under the authority of a
    Priest/shaman
  • Dirt and clay pyramids used for political power
    and religious ceremonies

9
Colossal Heads
Colossal Head 10 Basalt San Lorenzo
http//isis.csuhayward.edu/dbsw/anthropology/mille
r/3250/03olmec/aolmec2.htmlPHOTO20GALLERY
10
Economic Life
  • most were farmers
  • Social Class
  • based on power and wealth
  • priests and government (theocracy) were the most
    powerful
  • merchants and craftspeople were next
  • farmers were the lowest
  • Most city states had their own language and
    customs

11
Olmec Religion Polytheist nature worship
  • shaman ruled, claimed to shape-change, control
    nature (rain, sun, crops), fly, killing enemies
    from a distance, and bear off-spring even though
    they are men.
  • Jaguars seen as magical animals and shamen
    claimed to shape shift into them
  • foundation of later Maya civilization.

12
Shaman as jaguar carrying his spirit
13
Riding Crocodiles in the Spirit world
14
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15
Social Life Typical of Agricultural Society
  • Men
  • plowed and planted fields
  • tended to the crops
  • hunted and fished
  • Women/Older girls
  • housekeeping chores
  • making clothes
  • supplying the home with firewood and water
  • caring for younger children
  • Children
  • learned about farming and housekeeping chores

16
Intellectual Life
  • Maize Domesticated 3000BCE
  • Major staplecrop in Mesoamerica
  • Also domesticated cotton, cacao, feathers, pelts,
    woods, rubber

17
Intellectual life
  • developed a number system, calendar, and a form
    of writing

18
Olmec Art Jade Sculpture(plus giant heads and
pyramids)
Olmec Figure
Jade Axe
Were-Jaguar
http//isis.csuhayward.edu/dbsw/anthropology/mille
r/3250/03olmec/aolmec2.htmlPHOTO20GALLERY
19
Olmec Influence on the Mayans
  • Maize
  • Ceremonial centers with temple pyramids
  • Calendar based on the Olmec one
  • Ball games
  • Rituals involving human sacrifice

20
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21
  • Olmec, La Venta, cone pyramid
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