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Chapter 2 Aegean civilizations

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Chapter 2 Aegean civilizations 14. Conclusion The Greeks of the Archaic period considered that the Mycenaeans were their ancestors. Homer s epic poems, the Iliad ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 2 Aegean civilizations


1
Chapter 2Aegean civilizations
2
1. Historical overview
  • The origins of Classical Greek culture

3
1. Historical overview
  • Aegean cultures
  • Minoan
  • Crete
  • 3000-1100 BCE.
  • Mycenaean
  • Mainland Greece
  • 1900-1100 BCE.

4
2. Minoan civilization Geography
  • It developed in the island of Crete.
  • Crete acted as a link between three continents
    Asia, Africa and Europe.
  • What civilizations did Minoans interact with?

5
3. Minoan Civilization economy
  • Economy
  • It was a civilization based on sea trade
    (thalassocracy)
  • Naval expedition. Akrotiri, Thera, 1500
    BCE.

6
4. Minoan Civilization society
  • Socio-political structure
  • A federation of cities. The most important was
    Knossos (centralized government?)
  • There was a king and a nobility, merchants,
    bureaucracy, laborers, and slaves? Peaceful
    society ? (no city walls or weapons)

7
5. Minoan civilization palaces
  • Large asymmetric complex
  • Residence of the king
  • Religious buildings
  • Storage areas

8
5. Minoan civilization palaces
  • Post and lintel constructions
  • Wooden painted inverted columns
  • Decoration of walls with frescoes

9
5. Minoan civilization palaces
10
6. Minoan religion
  • Cult of Earth Goddess.
  • Matriarchy?
  • Worship a sacred tree
  • and a sacred pillar (column)
  • Images of the epiphany
  • of a god.
  • Cult of the bull?
  • Earth goddess with Snakes,
    Knossos, ca. 1600 BCE

11
6. Minoan Religion
  • The Earth Goddess
  • Prehistory Mesopotamian Egyptian Minoan

12
6. Minoan Religion
  • Feminine deities

13
6. Minoan religion
  • Minoan seal Fresco from Knossos, 1500 BCE
  • Representations of bull-leaping ritual?

14
7. Minoan painting
  • The Minoan canon
  • Prince from Knossos,
  • ca 1600 BCE

15
7. Minoan painting
16
7. Minoan painting
  • Bull leaping, Knossos, ca.1600 BCE
  • Boxers, Thera, 1650

17
7. Minoan painting
  • The Minoan canon
  • Egyptian influence in the posture
  • Narrow waist
  • Attention to anatomical features
  • Representation of movement

18
7. Minoan painting
  • Hagia Triada, c. 1400 B.C.
  • What does the image represent? Where have you
    seen something like this before?

19
7. Minoan painting
20
7. Minoan painting
  • River Landscape, Thera, 1500 BCE.

21
7. Minoan painting
22
7. Minoan sculpture
  • Rhyton bull,
  • Knossos, ca. 1500 BCE.

23
7. Minoan sculpture
24
8. The Myth of the Minotaur
25
8. The Myth of the Minotaur
  • Labrys (double ax) Floor plan of Knossos
  • Labyrinth house of the Double Axes Palace of
    king Minos

26
9. Language and writing
  • Minoans were not Greek
  • Pictographic writing
  • Linear A undeciphered script.
  • Linear B Greek
  • (Mycenaean domination of Knossos)

27
9. Mycenaean Civilization
  • It developed in mainland Greece around 1900-1100
    BCE.
  • Important cities were Mycenae, Tiryns and Pilos.
  • It flourished after the decline of Minoan
    civilization.

28
9. Mycenaean Civilization
  • Militaristic society
  • Cities protected by cyclopean walls and gates.

29
10. Social structure
  • Feudal system
  • King and noblemen offering protection while they
    exacted material resources from the
    non-warriors.

30
11. Religion
  • They worshiped
  • divinities which became
  • gods in the Greek
  • pantheon Zeus,
  • Hera, Poseidon
  • They also established
  • a cult to their heroes.
  • Funerary mask, 1500 BCE

31
12. Architecture
  • Lions Gate, Mycenae, ca. 1300 BCE
  • Post and lintel construction with relieving
    triangle.

32
12. Architecture
  • Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, 1300-1200 BCE
  • Funerary tholos (circular tomb)

33
13. Conclusion
  • Minoan civilization synthesized elements from
    Egypt and Asia Minor.
  • Their cultural and artistic knowledge was
    inherited by the Greeks from the mainland the
    Mycenaeans.
  • After a period of turmoil (Dark Ages), elements
    of the Mycenaean civilization reemerged in the
    culture of Archaic Greece.

34
14. Conclusion
  • The Greeks of the Archaic period considered that
    the Mycenaeans were their ancestors.
  • Homers epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey,
    narrate the deeds of the Mycenaean heroes.
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