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WORLD CIVILIZATION

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What happened to the ancient and old civilizations? Are all civilizations temporary? What about ours? Is there progress? Why do civilizations seem to rise and fall – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WORLD CIVILIZATION


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WORLD CIVILIZATION
  • HISTORY 106 A COMPARATIVE INTERDISCIPLINARY
    STUDY OF THE HISTORY OF HUMAN SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
    FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES UNTIL THE 17TH CENTURY

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POLITICAL SYSTEMS
  • Matriarchical societies and patriarchical
    societies.
  • Families, bands, and tribes.
  • Hunting and gathering.
  • Horticulture and settled agriculture.
  • Pastoralism, nomadic and semi-nomadic societies.
  • Agriculture and the rise of the state.
  • Monarchy and theocracy.
  • Military organization and civilized life.
  • The nation-state.
  • Oligarchy and democracy.
  • The republic empire

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ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
  • Altruism and egalitarian exchange.
  • Agricultural surplus, division of labor, and
    class divisions.
  • Specialization of labor, labor organization, and
    production.
  • The role of private property.
  • The concept of monetary capital and capitalism.
  • Class and caste.
  • Trade, mercantilism and economic specializations.

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TECHNOLOGY
  • Lithic technology and metallurgy.
  • Agriculture, astronomy, religion, and early
    scientific thought.
  • Water technologies.
  • Agricultural technologies.
  • Architecture.
  • Military technologies.

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SOCIAL CULTURAL SYSTEMS
  • Female and male gender roles.
  • Feminist approaches to gender.
  • Homosexualities, heterosexualities,
    intersexualities, and transgender issues.
  • Religion and religious diversity.
  • Art and literature.
  • Philosophy and reason.
  • Migrations and population movement.
  • Urbanization and social consciousness

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SOCIAL CULTURAL SYSTEMS
  • Social justice, and civil rights movements.
  • Ethnic consciousness movements.
  • Gender movements.
  • Generational age cohort.
  • Disability, ability, and social identity.
  • Disease and medicine.

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  •  WORLD CIVILIZATION
  • IN THE TIME OF PRE-LITERACY
  • 17,000 YEARS BPE
  • Sophisticated hunter-gatherer cultures with
    diverse toolkits appropriate to their
    environments and resources. Dogs have been
    domesticated. Art flourishes.
  •  
  •  12,000 YEARS BP
  • AFRICA AMERICAS ASIA
    EUROPE OCEANA
  • SAN hunter-gathers Tehuacanos
    Jarmo -----------
    Mammoth cave
  • Qadan horticulture (Mexico)
    Natufian Jericho Knossos
  • (Egypt)
    (olives)
  • Saharan cattle herders
    Karanovo
  • (Tassili)

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  • 7000 BP (5000BC)
  • AFRICA AMERICAS ASIA EUROPE
    OCEANA
  • Badarian agriculture Cochise (SWNA) Yangshao
    Danubian Kuk
  • (wheat/barley) (maize)
    (rice) (wheat)
    (yams/taro)

  • Hacilar

  • Catal Huyuk
  • 6000 BP (4000BC)
  • Pre-unification Egypt Archaic period
    Ubaid Minoan
    Melanesian
  • Unified archaic Egypt
    Harrapan Varna
    expansion
  • Narmer/Menes
    Non Nok Tha

  • Loang Spean

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  • 5000 BP (3000BC)
  • AFRICA AMERICAS ASIA EUROPE
    OCEANA
  • Old Kingdom Egypt Preclassic
    Indus (Kurgan) Battle Axe
    Lapita
  • Pyramids
    Ban Chieng Beaker Folk

  • Lungshan Troy

  • Sumer
  • Sargon of Akkad
  •  
  •  4000 BP (2000BC)
  • Old Kingdom Egypt Early Olmecs Shang
    China Myceneans
  • Intermediate Period
    Hitittes Thera
  • Middle Kingdom
    (Iron)

  • Babylonians

  • Aryan Invasions Barbarian
    Invasions

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  • 3000 BP (1000BC)
  • AFRICA AMERICAS ASIA EUROPE
    OCEANA
  • Middle Kingdom Olmecs Assyrians
    Hellenic Greece
  • New Kingdom Adena
    Phoenicians (Pericles through Alexander)
  • Late Period Hopewell
    Canaanites Carthage
  • Bantu Kingdoms Anasazi Gupta
    India Etruscans/Rome
    Han China La Tene/Hallstatt
  • Celts Germania
  • 2000 BP (1 AD)
  • Ghana Maya
    China Rome
    Polynesians

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WORLD CIVILIZATION
  • THEMES IN WORLD HISTORY

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Who was the First?
  • The case for Asia - MESOPOTAMIA
  • (Sumer)
  • The case for Africa - EGYPT
  • (Kemet)

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EMPIRES
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WAR
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AGRICULTURE
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RELIGION
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GENDER
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RACE
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CLASS
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LABOR
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ART LITERATURE
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African Civilizations
  • The Nile River Valley

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West Asian Civilizations
  • Mesopotamia Indus

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Map of Near East with locations for Nevali Cori
and Gobekli Tepe The Oldest Megalithic
Structures.
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  • Cro-Magnon Man
  • The Late Pleistocene Hunter and the first real
    artists.
  • about 30,000 years ago.

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  • Built by hunter-gatherers (no sign of agriculture
    here). All bones found are wild animal. There
    is no evidence of inhabitation the structures
    are interpreted as temples. After 8,000 BCE,
    the site was abandoned and purposefully covered
    up with tons of soil below the hill.
  • Did humans recognize that they had made a
  • big mistake against nature?

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  • Segment D is one of the near circular shaped
    pillared areas in the best condition of Göbekli
    Tepe. The largest weigh about 50 tons

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Mesopotamian Civilization
  • The Tigris Euphrates River Valleys

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Harappan Civilization
  • The Indus River Valley

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Asian Civilizations
  • Early China

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American Civilization
  • North and South America

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European Civilization
  • Minoan Mycenean

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