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Warmup What was the Mandate of Heaven, and which civilization believed in it?

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Warmup What was the Mandate of Heaven, and which civilization believed in it? ANCIENT CHINA THE SHANG DYNASTY: 1766-1122 B.C.E. Arose in the North China Along Yellow ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warmup What was the Mandate of Heaven, and which civilization believed in it?


1
Warmup What was the Mandate of Heaven, and which
civilization believed in it?
2
ANCIENT CHINA
3
THE SHANG DYNASTY 1766-1122 B.C.E.
  • Arose in the North China
  • Along Yellow River
  • Between Ordos Bulge and Mouth of Yellow River
  • Evidence
  • Many records, material remains discovered
  • Bronze metallurgy, monopolized by elite
  • Vast network of walled towns
  • Agricultural surpluses supported large troops
  • Shang Society
  • Shang-kings were warriors
  • Constant struggle with nobles for power
  • The Shang capital moved six times
  • Small Shang elite ruled large common population
  • Lavish tombs of Shang kings
  • Contained chariots, weapons, bronze goods
  • Sacrificial human victims, dogs, horses

4
Shang china
5
MANDATE OF HEAVEN
  • The right to rule granted by heaven
  • Zhou justified their overthrow of Shang
  • Ruler called "the son of heaven"
  • Only given to virtuous, strong rulers
  • To lose mandate someone else should rule
  • Replacement of dynasties Dynastic Cycle
  • Signs one had lost mandate
  • Corruption, heavy taxes
  • Lazy officials and rulers
  • Revolts, invasions, civil wars, crime
  • Natural disasters
  • Society develops bad morals, habits

6
THE ZHOU DYNASTY 1122-256 B.C.E.
  • The rise of the Zhou
  • The last Shang king was a bad ruler
  • The Zhou forces toppled the Shang
  • Political organization
  • Adopted decentralized administration
  • Used princes and relatives to rule regions
  • Consequences
  • Weak central government with ceremonial functions
  • Rise of regional powers often called feudalism
  • Constant rivalry between warring families, nobles

7
Shang china
8
The Zhou map
9
Bantu Migrations, 3000-1000 BCE
  • Bantu means people
  • Originated in what would be modern Nigeria
  • Migration throughout sub-Saharan regions
  • Population pressures
  • Over 500 variations of original Bantu language
  • 90 million speakers
  • Similar to Indo-Europeans in that they spread
    language as they moved.
  • By 1000 BCE, occupied most of Africa south of the
    equator

10
  • Bantu Migrations, 2000 BCE-1000 CE

11
Bantu Migration
12
In Africa, why more of this
and less of this?
13
Bantu Religions
  • Evidence of early monotheism
  • Deistic views as well
  • Prayers to intercessors, e.g. ancestor spirits
  • Great variations among populations

14
American Civilizations
Olmecs
Chavin
15
How did they compare to other civilizations?
  • Similar
  • Different
  • Polytheistic
  • Metallurgy
  • Formed cities
  • Didnt develop in a river valleys
  • Cultivated Maize (corn)
  • Domesticated llamas

16
Chavin
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