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Lord of the Flies

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Lord of the Flies William Golding William Golding (1911-1993) Born in Cornwall, UK Studied anthropology, archaeology, literature in college Became a school teacher ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
Lord of the Flies
  • William Golding

2
William Golding (1911-1993)
  • Born in Cornwall, UK
  • Studied anthropology, archaeology, literature in
    college
  • Became a school teacher (1935-1961)
  • Entered the navy during WWII participated in the
    invasion of Normandy on D-Day
  • Won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983

3
Historical Perspective
  • WWI the Great War or the War to end all
    wars
  • Can we ever have peace?
  • WWII the advent of the atom bomb power to
    destroy the world?
  • Britain feared an invasion and evacuated children
    to other countries
  • 1940- A German U-Boat torpedoed a British ship
    carrying children, killing the boys, thus
    suspending the oversees evacuation program

4
On Writing Lord of the Flies
  • It was simply what seemed sensible for me to
    write after the war when everyone was thanking
    God they werent Nazis. Id seen enough to
    realize that every single one of us could be
    Nazis.
  • --William
    Golding

5
Lord of the Flies
  • Published in 1954
  • Rejected 21 times before being published!
  • On the American Library Associations list of the
    100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
    1990-2000.
  • Written partially in response to The Coral
    Island, a story of how people supposedly ascend
    in their goodness on an island.
  • Human nature
  • Duality of man
  • Nature Vs. Nurture
  • Good Vs. Evil

6
Lord of the Flies
  • Title
  • Translation of Beelzebub or Satan
  • Setting
  • A tiny coral island in the South Pacific during a
    war when the atomic bomb may have (and most
    likely has) been used. This world becomes their
    microcosm, which is definitely one of your
    symbols!
  • Plot
  • A group of young boys is stranded on an island
    and they must negotiate the social issues of
    cooperation and self-government
  • The outside world is consumed with war
  • Main characters
  • Ralph, Jack, Piggy, Simon, Sam n Eric

7
Lord of the Flies
  • Guiding Questions
  • Does every human being have a dark side? Are
    humans inherently good or evil?
  • What does it mean to be civilized?
  • Rules of government democracy vs. dictatorship?
    What type of government works best? Why?
  • What are the outcomes when evil is an influence?

8
From the author
9
Symbols
  • The island
  • The conch
  • Piggys glasses
  • The fire
  • The beastie
  • The littluns
  • The pig
  • The names of the boys

10
Basic Philosophies to Consider While Reading
  • Humans are inherently evil society establishes
    government to curb evil instincts
  • We all saw a hell of a lot in the war that cant
    be accounted for except on the basis of original
    evil
  • Humans are inherently good humans are born good
    and are corrupted by society
  • Humans are inherently neutral our experiences
    determine the balance between good and evil
  • Which do you agree/disagree with now? Choose the
    one with the closet alignment to your own ideas.

11
Goldings Literary Technique
  • Heavy use of symbolism
  • Irony
  • Figurative Language
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification
  • Abundant imagery and sensory detail
  • Allusions (references to stories, names, history
    outside the text)

12
Allusions
  • Use of the names Ralph and Jack as the main
    characters from The Coral Island.
  • Simon from the Bible Simon called Peter, Peter
    was the other boys name in The Coral Island
  • Mention of Coral Island and Treasure Island
  • Numerous biblical allusions throughout

13
Lord of the Flies in Pop Culture
  • In Hook, Robin Williams compares Lost Boys to
    savages in LOTF
  • The Simpsons episode Das Bus is a parody
  • Inspiration for the anime series Infinite Ryvius
  • Mel Gibsons 2006 movie Apocalypto has a similar
    ending.
  • T.V. shows Survivor and Lost are said to have
    been inspired from LOTF
  • 2006 movie Unaccompanied Minors makes reference
    to LOTF

14
Popular Culture Cont.
  • Stephen King uses the name Castle Rock (from
    the novel) as the name of a town in his books.
    He also makes reference to LOTF in the novels The
    Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon, Cujo and Hearts in
    Atlantis
  • Orson Scott Card makes reference in his novel,
    Enders Shadow.
  • Degrassi The Next Generation, Danny Phantom, The
    Daily Show all mention the novel

15
Source of Inspiration to Musicians
  • Musicians U2, Iron Maiden, Gatsbys American
    Dream, Nine Inch Nails, Tori Amos, A.F.I., and
    Danielle Dax have all recorded songs about the
    novel.
  • Titles such as
  • Where the Flies Are
  • Touch Piggys Eyes
  • Lord of the Flies
  • Piggy
  • Fable
  • Boy
  • Shadows and Tall Trees

16
Sources Cited
  • http//www.william-golding.co.uk/
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Golding
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