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Lord of the Flies

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What would happen if we took away the school rules? No class No consequences No authority – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
  • What would happen if we took away the school
    rules?
  • No class
  • No consequences
  • No authority

2
  • Are people naturally good or evil?
  • Consider babies.
  • Consider war.
  • Consider our natural inclinations (Are we
    inclined to be good or are we taught to be
    good?)

3
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4
About William Golding
  • British novelist
  • Born on September 19, 1911, died 1993
  • Studied Science and English at Oxford
  • Fought in Royal Navy during WWII
  • Participated in invasion of Normandy on D-Day
  • At wars end, returned to teaching and writing
  • Earned the Nobel Prize in Literature

5
The World Golding Knew
  • WWII 1939- 1945
  • The fall of France to Nazi Germany in 1940
  • Britain feared an invasion and evacuated children
    to other countries
  • 1940- A German U-Boat torpedoed a British ship
    carrying children, killing the boys, thus
    suspending the oversees evacuation program

6
Events of WWII
  • 1939- Britain joined France in war against Nazi
    Germany
  • 1940- Fall of France
  • 1940- Fascist Italy joins the Axis with Germany
  • 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor causing USA to
    declare war on Japan and enter the war
  • 1944- D-Day Normandy Landings
  • 1945- Bombing of Dresden
  • 1945- European victory celebrated
  • 1945- Atomic Bomb dropped in Hiroshima
    immediately killing 60-80,000 people (final death
    toll 135,000 people)

7
On Writing Lord of the Flies
  • It was simply what seemed sensible for me to
    write after the war when everyone was thanking
    God they werent Nazis. Id seen enough to
    realize that every single one of us could be
    Nazis.
  • --William
    Golding

8
Inspiration
  • Golding once allowed his class of boys total
    freedom in a debate, but had to intervene as
    mayhem soon broke out
  • Experiences in war
  • Critical response to Coral Island by R.M.
    Ballanytyne
  • Philosophical questions about human nature

9
Philosophical Influence
  • John Hobbes
  • English Philosopher 1588- 1679
  • Man is by nature selfishly individualistic
  • Man constantly at war with other men
  • Fear of violent death is sole motivation to
    create civilizations
  • Men need to be controlled by absolute sovereignty
    to avoid brutish behavior

10
Facts About the Novel
  • Rejected 21 times before it was published
  • It was his first novel- published in 1954
  • Not successful until the early 1960s
  • On the American Library Associations list of the
    100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
    1990-2000.

11
Story Synopsis
  • Set in mid 1940s when Europe was engulfed in
    war.
  • A plane carrying British school boys is mistaken
    for a military craft and shot down.
  • Only the boys survive the crash and try to form a
    society and govern themselves.

12
Goldings Message
  • The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of
    society back to the defects of human nature.
  • --William
    Golding

13
  • As a child, Golding had witnessed WWI, which was
    referred to as the war to end all wars
  • HOWEVER,
  • 22 years later Britain was again involved in
  • ANOTHER WAR
  • to end all wars, which caused more
    devastation than was imaginable

14
Through LOTF, Golding is making the statement
that we cannot escape our savage, violent
tendencies
15
and without social order,we devolve into a
state of chaos
16
Themes
  • Survival
  • Power/leadership styles
  • Civilization vs. Savagery
  • Loss of Innocence
  • Human nature
  • Duality of man
  • Nature Vs. Nurture
  • Good Vs. Evil

17
AllusionsAllusions are references to other works
of Literature
  • Use of the names Ralph and Jack as the main
    characters from The Coral Island.
  • Simon from the Bible Simon called Peter, Peter
    was the other boys name in The Coral Island
  • Mention of Coral Island and Treasure Island
  • Numerous biblical allusions throughout

18
Title Translation
  • Beelzebub a Hebrew word for
  • LUCIFER
  • However, the literal translation of Beelzebub
  • into English is LORD OF THE FLIES

19
TERMS to REMEMBER
  • Microcosm A small world that represents the
    world at large
  • Edenic Eden like, paradise like, a setting that
    has not yet been spoiled by man

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25
Goldings Literary Technique
  • Heavy use of symbolism
  • Irony
  • Abundant imagery and sensory detail
  • Figurative Language
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification

26
LOTF Symbols (Objects, characters, figures, or
colors that represent ideas or concepts)
  • Piggys Glasses The last surviving evidence
    of the lawful, structured world
  • Conch Shell New democracy on the island
  • Snake Evilreference to the serpent in the
    garden of Eden

27
Important Images
  • The Beast The imaginary evil that is projected
    onto the island by the boys paranoia
  • Lord of the Flies A pigs head on a stick that
    becomes the physical acceptance of evil on the
    island

28
Character Analysis
  • Ralph Main character described as fair
    haired, having broad shoulderslike a
    boxers, and has a face that proclaims no
    devil
  • Committed to civilization and morality
  • Translation GOOD

29
Character Analysis
  • Piggy \ Described as fat, intellectual,
    asthmatic, and needs glasses
  • Represents scientific, rational side of
    civilization, and social order

30
Character Analysis
  • Jack Described as having red hair, wears black
    with a snake clasp, ugly
  • Cruel and manipulative
  • Represents our savage instincts played out
  • EVIL

31
Character Analysis
  • Simon Described as a skinny, vivid little boy,
    who meditates and he faints, which some
    cultures have believed is a sign of connecting
    with the spiritual world
  • Seems to be connected with nature, and he has an
    innate, spiritual goodness

32
Character Analysis
  • Roger Silent and sadistic
  • Targets the littluns
  • The only one to premeditate murder
  • Kills without conscience
  • Pure evil

33
Character Analysis
  • Sam and Eric (Samneric) Twins
  • Described as barely having enough skin to cover
    both, bullet-headed, and they finish each others
    sentences
  • Represent the tug-of-war within us to remain good

34
Character Analysis
  • Littluns The younger kids
  • Represent the common folk, who easily follow the
    lead of others into savagery when there is no
    enforced structure in society

35
Lord of the Flies in Pop Culture
  • In Hook, Robin Williams compares Lost Boys to
    savages in LOTF
  • The Simpsons episode Das Bus is a parody
  • Inspiration for the anime series Infinite Ryvius
  • Mel Gibsons 2006 movie Apocalypto has a similar
    ending.
  • T.V. shows Survivor and Lost are said to have
    been inspired from LOTF
  • 2006 movie Unaccompanied Minors makes reference
    to LOTF

36
Popular Culture Cont.
  • Stephen King uses the name Castle Rock (from
    the novel) as the name of a town in his books.
    He also makes reference to LOTF in the novels The
    Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon, Cujo and Hearts in
    Atlantis
  • Orson Scott Card makes reference in his novel,
    Enders Shadow.
  • Degrassi The Next Generation, Danny Phantom, The
    Daily Show all mention the novel

37
Source of Inspiration to Musicians
  • Musicians Iron Maiden, Gatsbys American Dream,
    Nine Inch Nails, Tori Amos, A.F.I., and Danielle
    Dax have all recorded songs about the novel.
  • Titles such as
  • Where the Flies Are
  • Touch Piggys Eyes
  • Lord of the Flies
  • Piggy
  • Fable

38
Words that are difficult in CH 1
  • Creepers vines that creep along the ground
  • Scar the wound that the plane crash has made
    in the jungle/in the vegetation
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