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The Lord of the Flies - by William Golding

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Title: Lord of the Flies Author: Doug Lambdin Last modified by: Kjell Created Date: 11/24/2005 7:22:16 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Lord of the Flies - by William Golding


1
The Lord of the Flies - by William Golding
2
About William Golding
  • British novelist
  • Born on September 19, 1911, died 1993
  • Studied Science and English at Oxford
  • Fought in Royal Navy during WWII
  • Participated in invasion of Normandy on D-Day
  • At wars end, returned to teaching and writing
  • Earned the Nobel Prize in Literature

3
SIR WILLIAM GOLDING
  • 1911-1993
  • Born in Britain
  • Was employed as a schoolteacher
  • Served five years in the Royal Navy during WWII
  • Lord of the Flies published in 1954

4
The World Golding Knew
  • WWII 1939- 1945
  • The fall of France to Nazi Germany in 1940
  • Britain feared an invasion and evacuated children
    to other countries
  • 1940- A German U-Boat torpedoed a British ship
    carrying children, killing the boys, thus
    suspending the oversees evacuation program

5
Events of WWII
  • 1939- Britain joined France in war against Nazi
    Germany
  • 1940- Fall of France
  • 1940- Fascist Italy joins the Axis with Germany
  • 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor causing USA to
    declare war on Japan and enter the war
  • 1944- D-Day Normandy Landings
  • 1945- Bombing of Dresden
  • 1945- European victory celebrated
  • 1945- Atomic Bomb dropped in Hiroshima
    immediately killing 60-80,000 people (final death
    toll 135,000 people)

6

IMAGES FROM WWII
7

IMAGES FROM WWII
IMAGES FROM WWII
IMAGES FROM WWII
IMAGES FROM WWII
8
On Writing Lord of the Flies
  • It was simply what seemed sensible for me to
    write after the war when everyone was thanking
    God they werent Nazis. Id seen enough to
    realize that every single one of us could be
    Nazis.
  • --William
    Golding

9
Inspiration
  • Golding once allowed his class of boys total
    freedom in a debate, but had to intervene as
    mayhem soon broke out
  • Experiences in war
  • Critical response to Coral Island by R.M.
    Ballanytyne
  • Philosophical questions about human nature

10
Sir William Goldings Influences
  • As a child, Golding had
  • witnessed WWI, the war to
  • end all wars
  • In the decade before Lord of
  • the Flies was published, Britain
  • had been involved in two more
  • wars World War II (which
  • Golding served) and the
  • Korean War

11
Philosophical Influence
  • John Hobbes
  • English Philosopher 1588- 1679
  • Man is by nature selfishly individualistic
  • Man constantly at war with other men
  • Fear of violent death is sole motivation to
    create civilizations
  • Men need to be controlled by absolute sovereignty
    to avoid brutish behavior

12
PLOT OF LORD OF THE FLIES
William Golding sets his novel Lord of the Flies
at a time when Europe is in the midst of nuclear
destruction. A group of British school boys,
being evacuated from England, crash lands on a
tropical island. No adults survive the crash, and
the novel is the story of the boys' descent into
chaos, disorder, and evil.
13
Story Synopsis
  • Set in mid 1940s when Europe was engulfed in
    war.
  • A plane carrying British school boys is mistaken
    for a military craft and shot down.
  • Only the boys survive the crash and try to form a
    society and govern themselves.

14
TERMS to REMEMBER
  • Microcosm - A small world that represents the
    world at large
  • Edenic Eden-like, paradise like, a setting that
    has not yet been spoiled by man

15
The Lord of the Flies Title Significance
  • Beelzebub is a Hebrew
  • word for Lucifer
  • The literal translation of
  • Beelzebub into
  • English is Lord of the
  • Flies

16
Goldings Message
  • The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of
    society back to the defects of human nature.
  • --William
    Golding

17
Themes
  • Survival
  • Power/leadership styles
  • Civilization vs. Savagery
  • Loss of Innocence
  • Human nature
  • Duality of man
  • Nature Vs. Nurture
  • Good Vs. Evil

18
Goldings Literary Technique
  • Heavy use of symbolism
  • Irony
  • Allusion
  • Abundant imagery and sensory detail
  • Figurative Language
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification

19
Allusions
  • Use of the names Ralph and Jack as the main
    characters from The Coral Island.
  • Simon from the Bible Simon called Peter, Peter
    was the other boys name in The Coral Island
  • Mention of Coral Island and Treasure Island
  • Numerous biblical allusions throughout

20

SYMBOLS
  • 1) Piggys glasses the last surviving
  • evidence of the lawful, structured,
  • rational world
  • 2) conch shell order and democracy
  • on the island
  • 3) The fire
  • 4) The Island
  • 5) The Beast
  • 6) Jacks mask

21
Artists Rendering of the Island
. The island in Lord of the Flies is never
actually pointed out in the real world. The
tropical location has a beach, as seen above,
where Ralph and Piggy emerge from the scar to
find the conch. Further inland is the dense
jungle, towards the center of which is Simon's
mat of creepers. This is also where pigs are
hunted and the Lord of the Flies is eventually
found. The mountain located at the very left of
this rendering is where the boys climb to the
summit in order to take in their surroundings. It
is also the location of the fire and the dead
parachutist. Castle Rock, the other high rising
formation found on the opposite end of the
island, rises high above the sea. The area is
turned into a fortress for Jack and his tribe.
The island is described as being in the shape of
a boat, which is approximated in the above
picture. The boat imagery and the island itself
are both symbols, as found on the analysis page.
The island is a microcosm for the real world,
along with all the problems and realities faced
in the world.0/8
  • http//www.gerenser.com/lotf/island.html

22
Character Analysis
  • 1) Ralph- Main character described as fair
    haired, having broad shoulderslike a
    boxers, and has a face that proclaims no
    devil
  • Committed to civilization and morality
  • 2) Piggy - Described as fat, intellectual,
    asthmatic, and needs glasses
  • Represents scientific, rational side
  • of civilization, and social order

23
Character Analysis
  • Simon - Described as a skinny, vivid little boy,
    who meditates and he faints at different times
    in the novel, which some cultures have believed
    is a sign of connecting with the spiritual world
  • Seems to be connected with nature, and he has an
    innate, spiritual goodness

24
Character Analysis
  • Sam and Eric (Samneric) Twins
  • Described as barely having enough skin to cover
    both, bullet-headed, and they finish each others
    sentences
  • The last to remain loyal to Ralph
  • Represent the tug-of-war
  • within us to remain good

25
Character Analysis
  • Jack - Described as having red hair, malevolent,
    aggressive, wears black with a snake clasp
  • Cruel and manipulative
  • Represents our savage instincts played out

26
Character Analysis
  • Roger - Silent and sadistic
  • Targets the littluns
  • The only one to premeditate murder
  • Kills without conscience
  • Pure evil

27
Character Analysis
  • Littluns The younger kids
  • Represent the common folk, who easily follow the
    lead of others into savagery when there is no
    enforced structure in society

28
Lord of the Flies in Pop Culture
  • In Hook, Robin Williams compares Lost Boys to
    savages in LOTF
  • The Simpsons episode Das Bus is a parody
  • Inspiration for the anime series Infinite Ryvius
  • Mel Gibsons 2006 movie Apocalypto has a similar
    ending.
  • T.V. shows Survivor and Lost are said to have
    been inspired from LOTF
  • 2006 movie Unaccompanied Minors makes reference
    to LOTF

29
Popular Culture Cont.
  • Stephen King uses the name Castle Rock (from
    the novel) as the name of a town in his books.
    He also makes reference to LOTF in the novels The
    Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon, Cujo and Hearts in
    Atlantis
  • Orson Scott Card makes reference in his novel,
    Enders Shadow.
  • Degrassi The Next Generation, Danny Phantom, The
    Daily Show all mention the novel

30
Source of Inspiration to Musicians
  • Musicians Iron Maiden, Gatsbys American Dream,
    Nine Inch Nails, Tori Amos, A.F.I., and Danielle
    Dax have all recorded songs about the novel.
  • Titles such as
  • Where the Flies Are
  • Touch Piggys Eyes
  • Lord of the Flies
  • Piggy
  • Fable

31
The End
  • Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the
    darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the
    air of the true, wise friend called Piggy."
  • - William Golding, Lord of the Flies, Chapter 12
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