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Lord of the Flies

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
Lord of the Flies
  • Author Notes

2
Author William Golding
  • Born September 19, 1911 in Cornwall, Great
    Britain
  • Died June 19, 1993

3
Education
  • Education Oxford University- studied Science for
    2 years.
  • He then switched to English.
  • He graduated in 1935 with a B. A. degree and a
    diploma in Education.

4
Military Career
  • During World War II, Golding joined the Royal
    Navy and served on a cruiser.
  • He became a lieutenant in command of a rocket
    launching craft.
  • During his naval career, Golding saw action
    against battleships, submarines, and aircraft.

5
Military Career Continued
  • He was present at the sinking of the Bismarck and
    took his rocket-launching craft to Normandy for
    the D-Day invasion.
  • His experiences in the war influenced his views
    about human nature.
  • Those dark views were first expressed in Lord of
    the Flies.

6
Awarded the Nobel PrizeFor Literature in 1983
7
His often allegorical fiction makes broad use of
allusions to classical literature, mythology, and
Christian symbolism.
8
His Works
  • Lord of the Flies (1954)
  • The Scorpion God (1971)
  • The Inheritors (1955)
  • Pincher Martin (1957)
  • The Paper Men (1984)
  • The Pyramid (1967)
  • The Spire (1964)
  • Free Fall (1959)
  • Rites of Passage (1980)

9
Goldings Themes
  • Goldings themes generally deal with the nature
    of mankind.
  • Golding deals principally with evil, yet his
    writings emerge with a kind of dark optimism.

10
  • Evil is the inherent in the loss of moral values-
    an evil that manifests itself in war, brutality,
    death, and destruction.

11
Lord of the Flies
  • Is an allegory
  • This means that the characters and objects are
    infused with symbolic significance that conveys
    the novels central themes and ideas.

12
Lord of the Flies
  • Based on The Coral Island by Robert Michael
    Ballantyne (1857), about boys shipwrecked on a
    tropical island populated by savages the boys
    adherence to English virtues enable them to
    triumph.
  • This novel works as an allegory on multiple
    layers- it functions as a political, moral,
    religious, and social allegory.

13
  • This novel examines the idea of the Freudian
    Split the id, the ego, the superego, and the
    everyman.

14
Lord of the Flies
15
Situation
  • A plane evacuating a group of schoolboys is shot
    down over a deserted tropical island
  • This means that the boys have no adult
    supervision and are entirely on their own

16
Lord of the Flies
  • Character Notes

17
Ralph
  • The protagonist
  • 12 years old
  • Represents the civilizing instinct

18
Jack
  • The antagonist
  • Leader of the choir
  • Leader of the hunters

19
Piggy
  • Ralphs lieutenant
  • Represents the rational, scientific side of
    civilization

20
Simon
  • Only naturally good character
  • Christ Figure

21
Sam and Eric
  • A pair of twins closely allied with Ralph

22
Roger
  • Jacks lieutenant
  • Represents the evil lurking within

23
Themes
  • Themes are the fundamental and often universal
    ideas explored in a literary work.

24
Civilization vs. Savagery
25
Loss of Innocence
26
Symbols
  • Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or
    colors used to represent abstract ideas or
    concepts.

27
The Island
  • At the beginning it represents Garden of Eden
  • In the end, the corrupt nature of mankind.

28
Islands Scar
  • Mans destruction and corruption on the formerly
    peaceful tropical island.

29
The Plane Crash
  • Breakdown of society in the world outside.

30
Big and Little Boys
  • Represents emerging generations of evil and the
    evil that is to come.

31
The Conch Shell
  • Democracy and Order

32
The Signal Fire
  • Fire is hope and salvation rescue.

33
Piggys Glasses
  • Clear- sightedness and intelligence
  • Their state represents the status of social order

34
The Destruction of Piggy and the Conch
  • Represents the absolute breakdown of society and
    reason.

35
Logs and Spears
  • Thrones of authority power.
  • Masculine aggression and war. They are a phallic
    representation of male strength.

36
Pigs Head on a Spear(Lord of the Flies)
  • Evil
  • Satan
  • Darkness

37
Killing of the First Pig
  • The original sin

38
Dead Man in Parachute
  • Represents the beast

39
Naval Officer
  • Present generation of evil

40
Movie Clip Journal 11/3/10
  • Watch the clip.
  • Were you surprised by the decision that was made
    by the people involved?
  • Why or why not?
  • If you were in that situation would you have
    wanted someone to push the button?
  • Could you have been the one to do it?
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