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Lord of the Flies

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Source site: exchange.guhsd.net/teacher_objects/LOTF.ppt Lord of the Flies William Golding 1911- 1993 * About William Golding British novelist Winner of the Nobel ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
Lord of the Flies
Source site exchange.guhsd.net/teacher_objects/L
OTF.ppt
  • William Golding
  • 1911- 1993

2
About William Golding
  • British novelist
  • Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in literature
  • Fought in Royal Navy during WWII
  • Participated in invasion of Normandy on D-Day
  • At wars end, returned to teaching and writing

3
Goldings Fiction
  • Allegorical
  • Allusions to
  • Classical literature
  • Mythology
  • Christian Symbolism

4
Lord of the Flies
  • It was simply what seemed sensible for me to
    write after the war when everyone was thanking
    God they werent Nazis. Id seen enough to
    realize that every single one of us could be
    Nazis.
  • William Golding on his novel Lord of the Flies

5
About the Novel
  • Set in mid 1940s when Europe engulfed in war.
  • A plane carrying British school boys is mistaken
    for a military craft and shot down.
  • Only the boys survive the crash, and try to form
    a society and govern themselves.

6
Themes in the Novel
  • Civilization vs. Savagery
  • Loss of Innocence
  • Original Sin
  • Fear that separates one from God
  • Nature of Good and Evil
  • Goodness is rare and fleeting

7
Motifs in the Novel
  • Biblical parallels (book criticized for
    re-telling episodes in the Bible)
  • Pristine places corrupted by evil
  • Beelzebub- Hebrew translation for Lord of the
    flies

8
Symbols in the Novel
  • The Conch- Civilization and orderThe Beast- The
    fear that separates man from God
  • Piggys Glasses- Reason, science and insight
  • Lord of the Flies- Evil
  • Fire Signal- Hope, salvation

9
Philosophical Influence
  • John Hobbes
  • English Philosopher 1588- 1679
  • Man is by nature selfishly individualistic
  • Man constantly at war with other men
  • Fear of violent death is sole motivation to
    create civilizations
  • Men need to be controlled by absolute sovereignty
    to avoid brutish behavior

10
The World Golding Knew
  • WWII 1939- 1945
  • The fall of France to Nazi Germany in1940
  • Britain feared an invasion and evacuated children
    to other countries
  • 1940- A German U-Boat torpedoed British ship
    carrying children killing the boys, thus
    suspending the oversees evacuation program

11
Major WWII Events
  • 1939- Britain joined France in war against Nazi
    Germany
  • 1940- Fall of France
  • 1940- Fascist Italy joins the Axis with Germany
  • 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor causing USA to
    declare war on Japan and enter the world war
  • 1944- D-Day Normandy Landings
  • 1945- Bombing of Dresden
  • 1945- European victory celebrated
  • 1945- Atomic Bomb dropped in Hiroshima
    immediately killing 60-80,000 people (final death
    toll 135,000 people)
  • Death and destruction abound!!!

12
Modern Day Allusions
  • Allusion- (n.) an indirect reference to something
  • There are many, many modern day allusions to Lord
    of the Flies in popular culture.
  • For example.

13
The Simpsons
  • The Simpsons episode titled Das Bus is a parody
    of Lord of the Flies.

14
Survivor
  • MarK Burnetts CBS island show is said to have
    been inspired by LOTF.

15
Sponge Bob Squarepants
  • The episode Club Spongebob is a spoof of LOTF.

16
Popular Music
  • Bands such as Taking Back Sunday, Nine Inch
    Nails, AFI, Iron Maiden, and Pink Floyd have
    written songs about or have alluded to LOTF in
    their music.
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