Lord of the Flies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Lord of the Flies


Lord of the Flies An Allegorical Tale ALLEGORY Allegory is a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies
  • An Allegorical Tale

  • Allegory is a form of extended metaphor, in which
    objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are
    equated with the meanings that lie outside the
    narrative itself. The underlying meaning has
    moral, social, religious, or political
    significance, and characters are often
    personifications of abstract ideas as charity,
    greed, or envy. Thus an allegory is a story with
    two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic

Four Allegorical Meanings
  • Moral Allegory
  • Social Allegory
  • Religious Allegory
  • Psychological Allegory

Moral Allegory
  • Morality refers to the concept of human
  • ethics which pertains to matters of right and
  • ("good and evil) on three levels
  • individual conscience
  • systems of principles and judgments sometimes
    called moral values shared within a cultural,
    religious, secular or philosophical community
  • codes of moral behavior or conduct

Moral Allegory
  • The characters in Lord of the Flies have very
    different ways
  • of approaching problems and are guided by
    different moral
  • ways of thinking
  • Ralph is lead by Common Sense and judges morality
  • what makes the most sense for the group.
  • Jack is lead by raw Emotion and makes moral
    judgments on
  • the whim and will of his every emotion.
  • Piggy is lead by Intellect and scientifically
    calculates his
  • moral decisions and judgments.
  • Simon is lead by the Soul and looks inward for a
    sense of
  • moral purpose and direction.

Social Allegory
  • The term social implies relations and
    interactions between peoples, and membership or
    belonging to a group. Social organization is
    also heavily related political rule.

Social Allegory
  • Ralph represents fair and democratic government.
    He tries
  • to achieve unity between the boys on the Island
    and tries to
  • find balance between the opposing forces of the
  • Jack represents a dictatorship full of one
  • tyrannical wants. He has the desire to get power
    and hunt .
  • He puts his own needs above the needs of other
  • Piggy represents technology and intellectual
  • Simon represents socialism or humanism, political
  • affiliations aimed at working fairly and honestly
    for all
  • people.

Religious Allegory
  • Ralph represents everyday man who is searching
  • hope and salvation in a confusing and wicked
  • Jack represents the evil corruption within
    society. He
  • does not think beyond himself.
  • Piggy represents the pure intellectual who does
  • understand spirituality and therefore cannot have
  • In his own salvation.
  • Simon represents a deep spirituality and faith in
  • humanity.

Religious Allegory
  • Lord of the Flies is also a religious allegory of
    the Garden
  • of Eden.
  • The island is very much like Eden a seeming
  • The beastie represents the snake (the devil) that
  • Adam and Eve. That temptation original sin
    is evidence
  • of the innate evil within humans.
  • The boys exist in a state of frequent nakedness
    a state
  • that Adam and Eve shared in the Garden of Eden.
  • Ralph and Jack are symbolic of Adam and Eves
    sons Cain and Abel.

Psychological Allegory
  • Psychologist Sigmund
  • Freud theorized that
  • humans are controlled by
  • ID emotional, instinctual
  • needs and wants
  • SUPEREGO moral
  • conscience, tells us right
  • from wrong
  • EGO considers reality and
  • balances the needs of the id
  • and superego

Psychological Allegory
  • Jack represents the id.  This is the part of the
    unconscious mind that works always to gratify its
    own impulse.   Jack is always working on his
    instinctual immediate wants and needs.
  • Piggy represents the superego.  This is the part
    of the mind that seeks to control the impulsive
    behavior of the id. Piggy always reminds Ralph
    and the others of their responsibilities. 
  • Ralph represents the ego. He is the conscious
    mind that mediates between the id's demand for
    pleasure and gratification and the social
    pressures brought to bear by the superego. Ralph
    plays a careful balancing game.

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