Ancient Egypt and Nubia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 60
About This Presentation
Title:

Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Description:

Chapter 3 Ancient Egypt and Nubia – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:279
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 61
Provided by: sus1157
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient Egypt and Nubia


1
Chapter 3
  • Ancient Egypt and Nubia

2
The Geography of the Nile
  • I. Nile is the worlds largest river
  • A. Flows from central Africa to Mediterranean
    Sea (4,000 miles)

3
The Geography of the Nile
  • B. Two main sources White Nile and Blue Nile
  • C. Flows North to Mediterranean Sea

4
The Geography of the Nile
  • D. Cataracts a rock filled rapid in a river

5
The Geography of the Nile
  • 1. Lower Nubia between First and Second
    Cataracts
  • 2. Upper Nubia between Second and Sixth
    Cataracts

6
The Geography of the Nile
  • 3. Upper Egypt North of the First Cataract
  • 4. Lower Egypt further north fertile marshy
    area

7
The Geography of the Nile
  • E. Delta the place at the mouth of a river
    where it splits into several streams to form an
    area shaped like a triangle

8
The Geography of the Nile
  • F. Silt rich, fertile soil deposited by the
    flooding of a river

9
The Geography of the Nile
  • G. Floods deposit rich soil ideal for farming
  • H. Black Land and Red Land

10
The Geography of the Nile
  • 1. Called land Kemet the black land
  • 2. Dark soil left by flooding

11
The Geography of the Nile
  • 3. Desert the red land
  • a. Beyond fertile river banks

12
The Geography of the Nile
  • b. Useless for farming
  • c. Protection from invaders

13
The Geography of the Nile
  • II. Civilizations
  • A. Communities along Nile delta in lower Egypt
    4000 B.C.

14
The Geography of the Nile
  • B. Communities in Nubia 3800 B.C.
  • C. Importance of trade

15
The Geography of the Nile
  • 1. Nile River
  • 2. Caravans to Mesopotamia
  • 3. Gold, silver, copper, and pottery

16
The Geography of the Nile
  • D. Trade in Egypt possible by sailing upriver or
    downriver
  • E. Trade in Nubia possible by land only due to
    cataracts

17
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • I. Important terms
  • A. Dynasty a family of rulers

18
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • B. Pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient
    Egypt
  • 1. Had absolute power over their people

19
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 2. Decisions became law
  • 3. Were also religious leaders

20
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • C. Regent someone who rules for a child until
    the child is old enough to rule

21
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • II. Important Kingdoms and Rulers
  • A. Menes
  • 1. Began first dynasty

22
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 2. United Upper and Lower Egypt
  • 3. Built city of Memphis

23
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • B. Old Kingdom
  • 1. Good rulers
  • 2. Well-run government

24
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • C. Middle Kingdom
  • 1. Restored order after end of Old Kingdom

25
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 2. Sponsored irrigation projects
  • 3. Built canal between Nile and Red Sea

26
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 4. Lost control to foreign invaders

27
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • D. New Kingdom
  • 1. Drove out invaders
  • 2. Developed large armies

28
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • E. Hatshepsut
  • 1. Stepmother of Thutmose III
  • 2. Appointed regent

29
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 3. Had herself proclaimed pharaoh
  • 4. Ruled during time of peace and economic
    success

30
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • F. Thutmose III
  • 1. One of the greatest pharaohs of New Kingdom

31
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 2. Conquered many lands for Egypt
  • 3. Educated man studied plants

32
Egypts Kings and Queens
  • 4. Treated conquered people with mercy

33
Egyptian Religion
  • I. Important Terms
  • A. Afterlife the next life, in which the dead
    are believed to live again

34
Egyptian Religion
  • B. Mummy a dead body preserved in lifelike
    condition

35
Egyptian Religion
  • C. Pyramid a huge building with four sloping
    outside walls shaped like triangles. In Egypt,
    pyramids were built as royal tombs.

36
Egyptian Religion
  • II. Religion
  • A. Polytheistic society

37
Egyptian Religion
  • B. Religion explained workings of nature
  • C. Tried to please gods

38
Egyptian Religion
  • D. Gods
  • 1. Osiris god of living and dead afterlife

39
Egyptian Religion
  • 2. Amon-Re chief god
  • 3. Isis wife of Osiris

40
Egyptian Religion
  • III. Afterlife
  • A. Bodies mummified to exist in afterlife

41
Egyptian Religion
  • B. Pyramid tomb for pharaoh
  • a. 20 or more years to build

42
Egyptian Religion
  • b. West bank of Nile
  • c. Hard and dangerous work

43
Egyptian Religion
  • d. Possessions buried with pharaoh

44
Culture of Egyptians
  • I. Key Terms
  • A. Hieroglyphs a kind of picture writing in
    which some pictures stand for ideas or things and
    others stand for sounds

45
Culture of Egyptians
  • B. Papyrus an early form of paper made from a
    reedlike plant found in the marshy areas of the
    Nile delta

46
Culture of Egyptians
  • C. Astronomer A scientist who studies the
    stars and other objects in the sky

47
Culture of Egyptians
  • II. Social Classes
  • A. Pharaoh
  • B. Upper Class

48
Culture of Egyptians
  • 1. priests
  • 2. members of pharaohs court
  • 3. nobles

49
Culture of Egyptians
  • C. Middle Class
  • 1. merchants
  • 2. skilled workers

50
Culture of Egyptians
  • D. Peasants
  • 1. farm labor, built roads and temples.
  • 2. by far the largest class

51
Culture of Egyptians
  • E. Slaves
  • 1. prisoners from wars
  • 2. a separate class
  • 3. had some rights

52
Culture of Egyptians
  • F. Women
  • 1. had most of the rights of men
  • 2. noble women had special rights

53
Culture of the Egyptians
  • III. A land of great learning
  • A. Writing
  • 1. keep track of growing wealth
  • 2. make new symbols for complicated ideas

54
Culture of Egyptians
  • 3. began writing on papyrus
  • a. Much more convenient than clay tablets

55
Culture of Egyptians
  • 4. Rosetta stone discovered in 1799
  • A. Found near city of Rosetta
  • B. Translated hieroglyphs into Greek

56
Culture of Egyptians
  • B. Science
  • 1. Astronomers used skies to determine when Nile
    would flood
  • 2. Found 365 days make a year

57
Culture of Egyptians
  • C. Medicine
  • 1. Performed surgeries

58
Culture of Egyptians
  • 2. Set broken bones and treated spine injuries

59
Culture of Egyptians
  • 3. Practiced herbalism
  • a. Creating medicine from plants

60
Culture of Egyptians
  • Artisans a worker who is skilled in making
    something
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com