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Ancient Egypt

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Chapter 2, Section 3: The Egyptian Empire Click This Link to View Glencoe Video (Close Video Screen to Return) The Drive For More Land During the Middle Kingdom years ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
Chapter 2
2
Click This Link to View Glencoe Video
Chapter 2, Section 3 The Egyptian Empire
(Close Video Screen to Return)
3
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4
The Drive For More Land
  • During the Middle Kingdom years Egypt captured
    territory in Nubia (to the south) and Syria.
  • These kingdoms had to pay tribute to the
    Pharaoh or risk further attacks by the Egyptians.
  • With the additional wealth, Egypt irrigated new
    farm fields and dug a large canal connecting the
    Nile River to the Red Sea.

5
The Arts Blossom!
  • Also, during the Middle Kingdom years the arts,
    literature, and architecture grew.
  • Many large statues were carved and art was carved
    on building walls that showed the pharaohs and
    the gods.
  • Rather than continuing to build pyramids, tombs
    were dug into the sides of mountains, as at The
    Valley of the Kings.

6
Who Were The Hyksos?
  • The Hyksos were invading warriors from western
    Asia.
  • They crossed the desert and conquered Egypt.
    Their weapons were bronze and iron. They ruled
    Egypt for 120 years.
  • Finally, an Egyptian prince named Ahmose lead an
    uprising and drove them out of Egypt.

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8
A Woman Ruler
  • In 1473 B.C. Hatshepsut, a woman, ruled Egypt
    with her husband. When he died she planned to
    rule until her nephew grew up. But later, she
    declared herself Pharaoh.
  • Hatshepsut expanded trade with other parts of the
    known worldespecially for wood (can you guess
    why?).

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10
Expanding the Empire
  • After Hatshepsut died, her nephew Thutmose III
    did become pharaoh.
  • Thutmose III regained (conquered) Nubia and lands
    east to the Euphrates River.
  • Egypt rebuild its cities, Thebes, and grew rich
    again.
  • Thutmose III used enslaved prisoners to build
    monuments and cities.
  • Before Thutmose III there was no slavery in
    ancient Egypt.

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13
The Boy King
14
Saturday Night Live, 1979
15
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16
Yul Brynner as Ramses II in the 1956 motion
picture, The Ten Commandments.
17
Why Were The Temples Built?
  • Under Ramses II, many monuments and buildings
    were built.
  • Many temples were built, the most famous was
    Karnak, at Thebes. It was built with slave labor.
  • Ancient Egyptians prayed at home to their gods.
    The temples were meant to be the homes of the
    gods.
  • The temples were also used to store valuables
    like jewels, gold, sweet smelling oils, and cloth.

18
Egypts Decline and Fall
  • By 1150 B.C. Ramses II had died and the pharaohs
    that followed were weak.
  • Outside armies invaded and took Egyptian land,
    except for the Nile Delta land.
  • Egypt was invaded and conquered first the
    Libyans, then the people of Kush (from the south
    of Egypt), and finally the Assyrians (Do you
    remember them from Chapter 1?).

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The
End
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