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Ancient Egypt 2-3 The Middle and New Kingdoms

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Ancient Egypt 2-3 The Middle and New Kingdoms Egyptian Achievements Art: 1) Built great temples (showing their success in architecture & engineering 2) Created ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt 2-3 The Middle and New Kingdoms


1
Ancient Egypt2-3 The Middle and New Kingdoms
2
Essential Questions
  • Explain the importance of Hatshepsuts rule and
    some of it key features.
  • Explain the importance of the discover of King
    Tutankhamen's tomb.

3
Vocabulary
  • Tribute - Forced payment made by one group to
    another to show loyalty or for protection
  • Incense - A material burned for its pleasant
    smell.

4
Middle Kingdom
  • 2050 BC 1670 BC
  • The capital city moved from Memphis to Thebes
  • Egypt starts to take over more land, including
    Nubia to the south
  • Force conquered people to send tribute, or forced
    payments, to the pharaoh.

5
  • Middle Kingdom Achievements
  • Art, literature and architecture flourish during
    the Middle Kingdom
  • Added waterways and canals

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7
Valley of the Kings
  • Pharaoh stop building massive tombs and choose to
    be buried in hidden tombs cut into cliffs.

8
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9
Hyksos Attack
  • In1670 BC, the Hyksos, invaders from the middle
    east, attacked and conquered Egypt.
  • Will rule for the next 120 years

10
Ahmose
  • Drove the Hyksos out of Egypt
  • His reign started the New Kingdom

11
  • New Kingdom
  • It is during the New Kingdom that the Egyptians
    begin to call the rulers pharaohs, as a sign of
    respect
  • Egypt continues to grow and become a major world
    power

12
Hatshepsut
  • One of the few women to rule Egypt
  • Became ruler after her ½ brother, Thutmose II,
    died (Thutmoses son was too young too rule).
  • She was suppose to be a temporary ruler, but she
    ruled for 20 years!
  • More interested in trade than military action
  • Brought great wealth to Egypt

13
  • She had a temple built in her honor with large
    obelisks in front

14
Hatshepsut's Mortuary Temple at Deir el-Bahri
15
Inside Hatshepsuts Temple
16
Hatshepsuts Obelisks. The one on the right is
partially walled off.
17
Obelisks in the USA
18
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19
  • Hatshepsuts mummy

20
Museum of Fine Arts Boston Sarcophagus
originally made for Hatshepsut. She had it
re-engraved for her father, Thutmose I, when she
moved his mummy into her tomb. At the last
minute, it was discovered that the sarcophagus
was too small for Thutmose Is mummy, still in
its original wooden coffin. Therefore, the
insides of the box had to be cut back to
receive it.
21
  • She was concerned with improving the HOME LIFE of
    Egypt, not enlarging the empire
  • She focused on peace
  • Achievements
  • Trade Expedition (giving Egypt goods such as
    ivory, gold, ostrich feathers etc)
  • Restored Temples
  • Workers mined the desert for ore

Iron ore
Ivory comb
22
Thutmose III
  • Nephew of Hatshepsut and ruled after her death
    (and possibly co-ruled with her)
  • Was a very successful military leader
  • His victories brought Egypt great wealth
  • Many nations sent gifts to Egypt as a sign of
    friendship (and out of fear)
  • Enslaved many people
  • Ordered carvings and statues of Hatshepsut to be
    destroyed (never proven)

23
Destroyed reliefs of Hatshepsut
24
Destroyed reliefs of Hatshepsut
25
Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton)
  • Married to Nefertiti
  • Introduced a new religion with one God, Aton
  • Never a good idea to mess with peoples religion.
    This will cause many to hate him.
  • People refused to accept this new religion
  • Neglected his duties as pharaoh.

26
Nefertiti
27
Tutankhamen (King Tut)
  • Son of Akhenaton
  • 10 years old when he inherited the throne
  • Ruled for only 9 years
  • Most famous of all the pharaoh due the discovery
    of his tomb
  • Discovery by Howard Carter in 1922
  • Only intact pharaohs tomb ever found
  • Inside Tut's Tomb

28
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29
1920s Fashion (Tut-Mania)
The New York Times reported on America's
Tutmania "There is only one topic of
conversationOne cannot escape the name of
Tut-Ankh-Amen anywhere. It is shouted in the
streets, whispered in the hotels, while the local
shops advertise Tut-Ankh-Amen art, Tut-Ankh-Amen
hats, Tut-Ankh-Amen curios, Tut-Ankh-Amen
photographs, and tomorrow probably genuine
Tut-Ankh-Amen antiquities. Every hotel in Luxor
today had something a la Tut-Ankh-AmenThere is a
Tut-Ankh-Amen dance tonight at which the piece is
to be a Tut-Ankh-Amen rag."
30
Tut-mania of the 1970s
Steve Martin - KING TUT
31
Ramses II
  • Reigned for 66 years. Did more than any other
    pharaoh to be remembered forever.
  • Built several major temples. Not only used for
    religious ceremonies, but also as BANKS
  • Believed by Christians to be the pharaoh Moses
    confronts in Exodus.
  • Building projects were huge, had his name
    engraved on all of them.
  • Ordered four huge statues of himself placed in
    front of the temple built in his honor.
  • After Ramses II, Egypts power faded and it was
    conquered by many outside groups.

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33
  • Colossus of Ramses II at Karnak

34
Egyptian Achievements
  • Art
  • 1) Built great temples (showing their success in
    architecture engineering
  • 2) Created beautiful painting on temple walls (to
    honor and serve the kings gods)
  • Science
  • 1) invented a more accurate lunar (moon)
    calendar better than Babylonian
  • 2) Medicine doctors wrote a scientific
    handbook for surgeons
  • Indigestion
  • Crush a hog's tooth and put it inside of four
    sugar cakes. Eat for four days.

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