England - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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England

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England s Glorious Revolution The Magna Carta Civil War Glorious Revolution English Bill of Rights A. The Magna Carta (1215) King John ruled over England He led ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: England


1
Englands Glorious Revolution
  1. The Magna Carta
  2. Civil War
  3. Glorious Revolution
  4. English Bill of Rights

2
A. The Magna Carta (1215)
  • King John ruled over England
  • He led England into a war against France
  • Lost and put England in debt
  • Raised taxes on the Nobles
  • Nobles rebelled and forced John to sign the Magna
    Carta

3
  • This document limited the power of the English
    monarch
  • It implied monarchs could not rule however they
    wanted
  • Two important Clauses
  • King must have the CONSENT of the people to tax
  • Due Process of Law following established legal
    principles that protect individual rights

4
B. Civil War
  • Parliament Englands national legislature
  • Established by King Edward I in 1295
  • Called the Model Parliament
  • Had the Power of the Purse
  • They had the right to approve certain expenses

5
  • King Charles I becomes king in 1625
  • Clashed with Parliament
  • He wanted funds, Parliament refused
  • 1642 Civil War began
  • 1649 Charles I was
  • executed
  • No monarchy in power
  • Restoration of
  • monarchy comes in
  • 1660

6
C. Glorious Revolution
  • James II became king in 1685
  • Hes Catholic
  • England is Protestant
  • People were afraid he would establish a Catholic
    dynasty
  • People wanted to replace him with a Protestant
    ruler

7
  • Parliament asks William and Mary to replace James
    II
  • They invaded and James II fled to France
  • Bloodless and peaceful revolution
  • England became a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Kings and Queens are limited by a constitution

8
D. The English Bill of Rights
  • Bill of Rights formal summary of the rights and
    liberties considered essential to the people
  • Limited the power of the monarchy
  • Guaranteed 3 things
  • no excessive bail or cruel or unusual punishment.
  • no taxation without the consent of the
    legislature.
  • the right to petition the government with
    grievances
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