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Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10)

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Title: Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10) Author: Klemmer Family Last modified by: Keith A. Klemmer Created Date: 9/19/2005 2:11:50 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10)


1
The Book of ExodusTransitions
Breaking and Renewing the Covenant Exodus 32-34
2
Announcements
  • Text

3
Prayer List
  • Text

4
Exodus
Week Date Topic
1 10 Mar 10 Exodus Transitions An Introduction
2 17 Mar 10 Gods Preparation of Israel Exodus 1-4
3 24 Mar 10 Gods Sovereignty Exodus 5-11
4 31 Mar 10 Gods Redemption Exodus 121-1316
5 07 Apr10 Gods Completion Exodus 1317-1521
6 14 Apr 10 Gods Instructions to Israel Exodus 1522-1827
7 21 Apr 10 Mosaic Covenant Exodus 191-2411
8 28 Apr 10 Dwelling Among His People Exodus 2412-3118
9 05 May 10 Breaking/Renewing the Covenant Exodus 32-34
10 12 May 10 Senior Blessing Night No classes
11 19 May 10 Israels Worship Exodus 35-40
12 26 May 10 New Testament Implications
13 02 Jun 10 Exodus Transitions A Summary
5
Todays Objectives
  • Review lesson from 28 Apr 10 (the tabernacle)
  • Review historical maps of the region
  • Introduce us to the theme that will replay again
    and again through out the OT Israel sin, God
    punishes, Israel repents, God relents
  • Learn how quickly Israel turns from God and learn
    about the consequences
  • Learn how fellowship with God is re-established
  • Learn about the covenant renewal
  • Learn about Gods instructions as they begin
    their journey to the promised lands

6
Last week
  • Reviewed lesson from 21 Apr 10 (the law is given
    to Moses, including the 10 Commandments, 42 other
    laws)
  • Learned about the purpose and laws associated
    with the tabernacle were to remind Israel of God
  • Learned about the builders, structure, and
    furnishings of the tabernacle and important
    symbolism involved
  • Learned about the installation, consecration, and
    service of the priests
  • Revisited the importance of the Sabbath to God

7
Tabernacle Structure and Dimensions
8
Key Points of Exodus
  • Gods grace towards His people
  • Delivery from the bonds of slavery
  • Deliverance to the freedom of a covenant
    relationship and fellowship with him
  • No other biblical book surfaces elsewhere in the
    OT as frequently as the Book of Exodus does in
    the NT only the Books of Psalms and Isaiah are
    cited more
  • Acts 7 is a key companion to Exodus and a quick
    read

9
Timeline
  • Moses lived from approximately 1525-1405 BC
  • Completed writing of Exodus after 1445 BC
  • Exodus covers approximately 431 years of history
  • Arrival of Jacob and his family in Egypt to the
    construction of the Tabernacle in Sinai in 1445
    BC
  • Israelites lived in Egypt for 430 years (Gen
    1240)
  • Time of oppression was 400 years (Gen 1513)
  • Transition time in Egypt
  • Egyptians had expelled the Hyskos rulers of the
    time
  • Egyptians formed a world power of which there was
    no match

10
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11
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12
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Ahmose I (1570-1548 BC)
  • Founder of the New Kingdom after the expulsion of
    the Hyksos rulers, consolidated borders
  • Initiated temple building projects
  • Amenhotep (1548-1528)
  • Thutmose I (1528-1518 BC)
  • Meaning Born of Thoth
  • Thoth the Egyptian god of wisdom
  • Moses early childhood
  • Therefore Moses would be Egyptian Born of and
    Mu meaning water

13
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Thutmose II (1518-1504)
  • Moses from about age 8 until 21
  • Thutmose III (1504-1450)
  • Queen Hatshepsut (1498-1483, co-regency)
  • He is called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt
  • He created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen
  • Moses kills Egyptian identifies with his
    brethren (Heb. 1124-26) then leaves Egypt (1486
    BC, Ex 211-15)
  • Moses dwells in Midian 40 years (Acts 730)

King of Upper Lower Egypt Menkheper Ra Son of
Ra Thetmess
14
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Amenhotep II (1450-1425)
  • Seventh pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty
  • Son of Thutmose III (but not the eldest son)
  • Successful military campaigns
  • Considered to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus
  • Firstborn slain in the last plague (Ex 1229)
  • His eldest son did not follow him to throne.
  • over, after Dream Inscription of Thutmose IV
  • Notes
  • Archaeologists give us great detail on the
    Pharaohs of Moses time
  • Mummies have been found for each of the Pharaohs

15
Amenhotep II
16
Ref Constable
17
Overview of Exodus 32-34
  • Provides an example of the relationship Israel
    would have with God
  • Israel sins, God punishes, Israel repents, God
    relents
  • Failure of Israel Chapter 32
  • People devise their own form of worship while
    Moses is away, the golden calf
  • Breaking of Gods covenant and separation from
    God
  • Fellowship is re-established Chapter 33
  • Although fellowship is broken, relationship with
    God is not terminated
  • God promises to renew the covenant
  • Covenant is renewed Chapter 34

18
Israels Apostasy (321-6)
  • Moses had lingered on the mountain (v. 1)
  • People decided to worship a new god
  • Also decide to make a new covenant
  • Impatient, didnt want to wait for Gods guidance
  • Reflected a shallow commitment to God and Moses
  • Aaron participates in the process (v. 2)
  • Altar and feast accompany the construction (v. 5)
  • Again, Aaron leading the people in celebration
  • Disobedience to the second commandment (202-6)
  • Return to an Egyptian form of worship
  • Fast forward to I Kings 1228-31, we see King
    Jeroboam re-establish worship to golden calves of
    divided Israel

19
Moses Intercedes (327-14)
  • God recounts the news of the golden calf to Moses
  • Idolatry of the golden calf
  • Israels stubborn refusal to obey Gods commands
  • Gods compassion for His people
  • God calls the Israelites Moses people
  • They had broken the covenant with God
  • God offers to destroy the Israelites and make the
    descendants of Moses into a great nation (v. 10)
  • Moses appeals to God (v. 11-13)
  • Based upon Gods previous work for Israel (v. 11)
  • Gods glory and reputation (v. 12) and word (v.
    13)
  • God changes his mind (v. 14)

20
Aarons Excuse (3215-24)
  • Moses breaks the tablets of the law (v. 19)
  • Symbolizes the fact that Israel had broken the
    covenant
  • Destroys the golden calf
  • People ordered to drink water with the gold dust
    of the destroyed calf (v. 20)
  • Aaron tries to shift blame for his actions to the
    people (v. 22-24)
  • People had thought Moses perished
  • And along with him, the promise

21
Levite Loyalty (3225-29)
  • Israelites were out of control
  • Moses asked for those who were with God to come
    forward
  • Levites all came forward (v. 26)
  • Levites were Moses closest kinsmen and
    demonstrated obedience to God
  • God punishes the rebellious Israelites
  • 3000 were killed (v. 28)
  • Levites were blessed by God that day
  • Due to their obedience
  • See Num 312-13, selection as the priestly tribe

22
Moses Second Intercession (3230-35)
  • Moses tells the people they have committed a
    great sin against God (v. 30)
  • Offers to make an atonement for their sin
  • Moses approaches God on their behalf (v. 31)
  • Ask for His forgiveness of their sin
  • God forgives them of their sin (v. 33)
  • However, promised that they would still be
    punished
  • God would strike them with a plague because of
    the golden calf

23
Fellowship Re-established (Ch. 33)
  • God orders the Israelites to proceed to the
    promised land (v. 1)
  • An angel would be sent before them
  • God would not dwell in the midst of the
    Israelites as He intended (v. 3)
  • Due to their stubbornness
  • Would not go with the Israelites, but might
    destroy them
  • Tent of meeting (v. 7-11)
  • God used this tent to speak to Moses
  • Moses asks God to reconsider and go with Israel
  • God declares that His Presence will go with them
    (v. 14)
  • But does God does not reveal his face to Moses
    (v. 20)

24
New Stone Tablets (341-16)
  • God directs Moses to remake the stone tablets so
    He can write the commandments again (v. 1)
  • Moses chisels the stone tablets (v. 4)
  • Travels to Mount Sinai with the tablets
  • Moses meets God
  • Asks for forgiveness for the Israelites sin (v.
    8)
  • God reconfirms the covenant (v. 10)
  • Directs the Israelites in their actions in the
    promised land (v. 12)
  • Not make treaties with foreigners
  • Break down items of worship to foreign gods
  • Not to worship foreign gods

25
Additional Instructions (3417-28)
  • Restates earlier commands
  • Not to make idols
  • Celebrate feasts (v. 18, v. 22, v. 25)
  • First born of every womb belongs to God (v. 19)
  • Sabbath (v. 21)
  • Appear before the Lord three times each year (v.
    23)
  • Covenant renewed (v. 27)
  • Moses remains for 40 days and night, receiving
    the Ten Commandments

26
Review
  • Reviewed lesson from 28 Apr 10 (the tabernacle)
  • Reviewed historical maps of the region
  • Introduced us to the theme that will replay again
    and again through out the OT Israel sin, God
    punishes, Israel repents, God relents
  • Learned how quickly Israel turns from God and
    learn about the consequences
  • Learned how fellowship with God is re-established
  • Learned about the covenant renewal
  • Learned about Gods instructions as they begin
    their journey to the promised lands
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