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Week 3 - Joash, Joel, and Jonah

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Week 3 - Joash, Joel, and Jonah Life and Times of the Minor Prophets In 1915 a devastating plague of locusts covered what is modern-day Israel and Syria. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Week 3 - Joash, Joel, and Jonah


1
Week 3 - Joash, Joel, and Jonah
  • Life and Times of the Minor Prophets

2
Life and Times of the Minor Prophets
  • Last Week -
  • The Divided Kingdom
  • The Times of Elijah and Elisha

3
(No Transcript)
4
Life and Times of the Minor Prophets
  • Athaliah mother of Ahaziah
  • 2Ki 111 When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw
    that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy
    the whole royal family.

5
Life and Times of the Minor Prophets
  • Joash hidden from Ahaziah
  • 2Ki 113 He remained hidden with his nurse at
    the temple of the LORD for six years while
    Athaliah ruled the land.
  • Preserved David's lineage of kings

6
(No Transcript)
7
Joash Before death of Jehoiada
  • 2 Kings 122 Joash did what was right in the
    eyes of the LORD all the years Jehoiada the
    priest instructed him. 3 The high places,
    however, were not removed the people continued
    to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.

8
Joash Before death of Jehoiada
  • 2 Kings 124 Joash said to the priests, Collect
    all the money that is brought as sacred offerings
    to the temple of the LORDthe money collected in
    the census, the money received from personal vows
    and the money brought voluntarily to the temple.
    5 Let every priest receive the money from one of
    the treasurers, then use it to repair whatever
    damage is found in the temple.

9
Joash After death of Jehoiada
  • 2 Chronicles 2417 After the death of Jehoiada,
    the officials of Judah came and paid homage to
    the king, and he listened to them. 18 They
    abandoned the temple of the LORD, the God of
    their ancestors, and worshiped Asherah poles and
    idols. Because of their guilt, Gods anger came
    on Judah and Jerusalem. 19 Although the LORD sent
    prophets to the people to bring them back to him,
    and though they testified against them, they
    would not listen.

10
Joash After death of Jehoiada
  • Joash kills Zechariah, son of Jehoiada
  • II Chronicles 24 23 At the turn of the year, the
    army of Aram marched against Joash it invaded
    Judah and Jerusalem and killed all the leaders of
    the people. They sent all the plunder to their
    king in Damascus. 24 Although the Aramean army
    had come with only a few men, the LORD delivered
    into their hands a much larger army.

11
835 B.C.
40 yrs.
12
Joel - Overview
  • Probably the first of the so called writing
    prophets, Joel spoke to the southern kingdom of
    Judah.
  • Unique Features
  • Joel uses many literary devices such as
    alliteration, metaphors, similes, and
    parallelism.
  • Plague of locusts Figurative or literal?
  • Prediction of the outpouring of God's Spirit on
    all flesh (Joel 228-32) and the wonders that
    would follow.

13
Joel - Overview
  • Joels name means Jehovah is God. He has been
    called the John the Baptist of the OT.
  • The fact that no king is mentioned may be due to
    the book having been written when Jehoiada the
    high priest was regent (in the boyhood years of
    Joash, who reigned between 835796 B.C.) just
    after Queen Athaliahs wicked reign.
  • The key phrase of the book is "the Day of the
    Lord," found five times (115 21, 211, 231
    314).

14
Joel Outline - Chapter 1
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE LOCUST
  • PLAGUE
  • A. Its Unprecedented Severity (11-4)
  • B. Its Effect Upon (1) Drunkards
  • (15-7) (2) Priests (18-10, 13-16)
  • (3) Farmers (111, 12, 17, 18)

15
Joel - Chapter 1
  • 2b Has anything like this ever happened in your
    days or in the days of your ancestors? 3 Tell it
    to your children,    and let your children tell
    it to their children,    and their children to
    the next generation. 4 What the locust swarm has
    left    the great locusts have eaten what the
    great locusts have left    the young locusts
    have eaten what the young locusts have left
       other locusts have eaten.

16
Locust Invasion Description
  • In 1915 a devastating plague of locusts covered
    what is modern-day Israel and Syria. The first
    swarms came in March, in clouds so thick they
    blocked out the sun. The female locusts
    immediately began to lay eggs, 100 at a time.
    Witnesses say that in one square yard, there were
    as many as 65,000 to 75,000 eggs. In a few weeks
    they hatched, and the young locusts resembled
    large ants. They couldnt fly yet, and got along
    by hopping. They marched along 400 to 600 feet a
    day, devouring every speck of vegetation along
    the way. After two more stages of molting they
    became adults who could fly - and the devastation
    continued.

17
Joel - Chapter 1
  • 2b Has anything like this ever happened in your
    days or in the days of your ancestors? 3 Tell it
    to your children,    and let your children tell
    it to their children,    and their children to
    the next generation. 4 What the locust swarm has
    left    the great locusts have eaten what the
    great locusts have left    the young locusts
    have eaten what the young locusts have left
       other locusts have eaten.

18
Joel - Chapter 115-16
  • 15 Alas for that day!    For the day of the Lord
    is near    it will come like destruction from
    the Almighty.
  • 16 Has not the food been cut off     before our
    very eyes joy and gladness     from the house
    of our God?

19
Outline of Joel Chapter 2
  • II. DESCRIPTION OF THE
  • ENEMY INVASION (21-11)
  • DIVINE APPEAL TO JUDAH TO
  • REPENT (212-14)
  • IV. DECLARING A FAST (215-17)

20
Joel 2 Call to True Repentance
  • 12 Even now, declares the LORD,    return to
    me with all your heart,    with fasting and
    weeping and mourning.  
  • 13 Rend your heart    and not your garments.
    Return to the LORD your God,    for he is
    gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and
    abounding in love,    and he relents from
    sending calamity. 14 Who knows? He may turn and
    relent    and leave behind a blessing grain
    offerings and drink offerings    for the LORD
    your God.

Intensity
Emotion
Inward, not Outward
Trusting in Gods goodness
21
Outline of Joel Chapter 2-3
Up to that verse, Joel has been speaking of the
desolation that would come on Judah. From this
verse on, God tells of the deliverance which He
will bring to the nation.
  • DIVINE DELIVERANCE PROMISED (218-
  • 321)
  • A. Material Prosperity (218, 19, 21-27)
  • B. Destruction of Enemy (220)
  • C. Pouring out of God's Spirit (228, 29)
  • D. Signs Preceding Christ's Second Coming
  • (230-32)
  • E. Judgment of Gentile Nations (31-16a)

22
Joel - Chapter 2
  • 25 I will repay you for the years the locusts
    have eaten     the great locust and the young
    locust,    the other locusts and the locust
    swarmmy great army that I sent among you

23
Joel - Chapter 2
This was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost when
the disciples gathered in the upper room, waiting
in Jerusalem for the outpouring of the Holy
Spirit that Jesus promised would come (Acts
14-5).
Acts 214 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven,
raised his voice and addressed the crowd Fellow
Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me
explain this to you listen carefully to what I
say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you
suppose. Its only nine in the morning! 16 No,
this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel
  • 28 And afterward,    I will pour out my Spirit
    on all people. Your sons and daughters will
    prophesy,     your old men will dream dreams,
        your young men will see visions.29 Even on
    my servants, both men and women,    I will pour
    out my Spirit in those days.

24
(No Transcript)
25
Jonah - Overview
  • Jonah (Heb. for dove) is the only one among the
    prophets whose prophecy does not consist of what
    he said but rather of his own life and
    experience.
  • Jonah's mission to Nineveh, the capital of
    Assyria, took place when Assyria was threatening
    the Northern Kingdom during the reign of its
    mightiest monarch, Jeroboam II (2Ki_1423), who
    ruled from about 793 to 753 B.C
  • The book is a commentary on Romans 329.

29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the
God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too,
26
Outline of Jonah Chapter 1
  • I. THE DISOBEDIENCE OF THE PROPHET
  • A. Jonah's Missionary Call (11, 2)
  • B. Jonah's Flight to Tarshish (13)
  • C. The Storm at Sea (14-10)
  • D. Jonah Thrown Overboard and Swallowed by a
    Great Fish (111-17)

27
1 The word of the Lord came to Jonah son of
Amittai 2 Go to the great city of Nineveh and
preach against it, because its wickedness has
come up before me.
28
Nahum 3
  •  1 Woe to the city of blood,    full of lies,
    full of plunder,    never without victims! 3b
    Many casualties,    piles of dead, bodies
    without number,    people stumbling over the
    corpses 4 all because of the wanton lust of a
    prostitute,    alluring, the mistress of
    sorceries, who enslaved nations by her
    prostitution    and peoples by her witchcraft.

29
Assyrian Boasts
  • I cut off their heads and formed them into
    pillars
  • Bubo, son of Buba, I flayed in the city of
    Arbela and I spread his skin upon the city wall
  • I cut off the limbs of the officers, the royal
    officers who had rebelled
  • 3,000 captives I burned with fire

30
3 But Jonah ran away from the Lord and headed for
Tarshish.
31
117 Now the Lord provided a huge fish to swallow
Jonah, and Jonah was in the belly of the fish
three days and three nights.
32
Philippians 14-6
  • 4 In all my prayers for all of you, I always pray
    with joy 5 because of your partnership in the
    gospel from the first day until now, 6 being
    confident of this, that he who began a good work
    in you will carry it on to completion until the
    day of Christ Jesus.

33
Outline of Jonah Chapter 2
  • II. THE DELIVERANCE OF THE PROPHET
  • A. Jonah's Prayer (21-9)
  • B. God's Answer (210)

34
22  In my distress I called to the Lord, and he
answered me.From deep in the realm of the dead I
called for help,    and you listened to my cry.
35
Outline of Jonah Chapter 3
  • III. THE DECLARATION OF GOD'S MESSAGE THROUGH
    THE PROPHET
  • A. The Threat of Judgment (31-4)
  • B. The City-Wide Repentance (35-9)
  • C. The Judgment Averted (310)

36
Jonah 34-5
  • Jonah began by going a days journey into the
    city, proclaiming, Forty more days and Nineveh
    will be overthrown. 5 The Ninevites believed
    God. A fast was proclaimed, and all of them, from
    the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth.

37
Outline of Jonah Chapter 4
  • IV. THE DISPLEASURE OF THE PROPHET
  • A. Jonah's Petulant Prayer (41-3)
  • B. God's Searching Question (44)
  • C. Jonah Sulking Outside the City (45)
  • D. Object Lesson on God's Sovereign Mercy
    (46-11)

38
Jonah 41-4
  • But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he
    became angry. 2 He prayed to the Lord, Isnt
    this what I said, Lord, when I was still at home?
    That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to
    Tarshish. I knew that you are a gracious and
    compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in
    love, a God who relents from sending calamity.
    3 Now, Lord, take away my life, for it is better
    for me to die than to live.
  • 4 But the Lord replied, Is it right for you to
    be angry?

39

40
Lessons from Jonah
  • The primary lesson of Jonah is what he proclaimed
    before being freed from the great fish Salvation
    is of the Lord (Jonah 29), and not of any race
    or nation or class.
  • God is committed to working on/with us till the
    end! He who began a good work in us will carry
    it on to completion!

41
Upcoming Schedule
  • May 6     No Bible class on International
    Sunday   May 13   No Bible class on Mothers'
    DayMay 20 Joe Washington  (Amos, King
    Uzziah of Judah, King Jeroboam II of Israel)

42
The End
  • Life and Times of the Minor Prophets

43
Locust Invasion Description
  • In 1915 a devastating plague of locusts covered
    what is modern-day Israel and Syria. The first
    swarms came in March, in clouds so thick they
    blocked out the sun. The female locusts
    immediately began to lay eggs, 100 at a time.
    Witnesses say that in one square yard, there were
    as many as 65,000 to 75,000 eggs. In a few weeks
    they hatched, and the young locusts resembled
    large ants. They couldnt fly yet, and got along
    by hopping. They marched along 400 to 600 feet a
    day, devouring every speck of vegetation along
    the way. After two more stages of molting they
    became adults who could fly - and the devastation
    continued.
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