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Jonah and Amos

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Title: Jonah and Amos


1
Jonah and Amos
2
Chronology
Judah Prophets Israel
931 BC Rehoboam Jeroboam
Abijah Nadab
900 BC Asa Baasha
850 BC Jehoshaphat Elijah Zimri, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Joram
800 BC Jehoram, Ahaziah, Queen Athaliah, Joash Elisha Jonah Amos Johoahaz, Johoash, Jeroboam II
750 BC Amaziah, Uzziah, Ahaz Hosea Micah Isaiah Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah
722 BC Hezekiah Isaiah Pekah, Hoshea
3
Jonah
  • Prophet to the enemy
  • Go to Nineveh, that great city, and speak out
    against it I am aware of how wicked its people
    are. Jonah, however, set out in the opposite
    direction in order to get away from the LORD.
    (Jonah 12,3 GN)

4
Jonah
  • I am a Hebrew, Jonah answered. I worship the
    LORD, the God of heaven, who made land and sea.
    Jonah went on to tell them that he was running
    away from the LORD. The sailors were terrified,
    and said to him, That was an awful thing to do!
    The storm was getting worse all the time, so the
    sailors asked him, What should we do to you to
    stop the storm? Jonah answered, Throw me into
    the sea, and it will calm down. I know it is my
    fault that you are caught in this violent
    storm. (Jonah 19-12 GN)

5
Jonah
  • At the LORDs command a large fish swallowed
    Jonah, and he was inside the fish for three days
    and three nights. (Jonah 117 GN)
  • In the same way that Jonah spent three days and
    nights in the big fish, so will the Son of Man
    spend three days and nights in the depths of the
    earth. (Matthew 1240 GN)
  • Inclusive reckoning of time
  • Jesus answered them, Go and tell that fox 'I
    am driving out demons and performing cures today
    and tomorrow, and on the third day I shall finish
    my work. (Luke 1332 GN)

6
  • Then the LORD ordered the fish to spit Jonah up
    on the beach, and it did. (Jonah 210 GN)
  • Once again the LORD spoke to Jonah. He said, Go
    to Nineveh, that great city, and proclaim to the
    people the message I have given you. So Jonah
    obeyed the LORD and went to Nineveh, a city so
    large that it took three days to walk through it.
    Jonah started through the city, and after walking
    a whole day, he proclaimed, In forty days
    Nineveh will be destroyed! The people of Nineveh
    believed Gods message. So they decided that
    everyone should fast, and all the people, from
    the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth to
    show that they had repented. (Jonah 31-4 GN)

7
Jonah
  • When the king of Nineveh heard about it, he got
    up from his throne, took off his robe, put on
    sackcloth, and sat down in ashes. He sent out a
    proclamation to the people of Nineveh This is
    an order from the king and his officials No one
    is to eat anything all persons, cattle, and
    sheep are forbidden to eat or drink. All persons
    and animals must wear sackcloth. Everyone must
    pray earnestly to God and must give up their
    wicked behavior and their evil actions. Perhaps
    God will change his mind perhaps he will stop
    being angry, and we will not die! God saw what
    they did he saw that they had given up their
    wicked behavior. So he changed his mind and did
    not punish them as he had said he would. (Jonah
    36-10 GN)

8
God changes his mind?
  • God is not like people, who lie He is not a
    human who changes his mind. Whatever he promises,
    he does He speaks, and it is done. (Numbers
    2319 GN)
  • Israels majestic God does not lie or change
    his mind. He is not a human being---he does not
    change his mind. (1 Samuel 1529 GN)
  • Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and
    forever (Hebrews 138 GN)
  • All generous giving and every perfect gift is
    from above, coming down from the Father of
    lights, with whom there is no variation or the
    slightest hint of change. (James 117 NET)
  • For I am the LORD, I change not (Malachi 36
    KJV)

9
God changes his mind?
  • God doesnt know everything?
  • Adam and Eve where are you?
  • The rainbow
  • Towel of Babel and Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Child sacrifice it did not even enter my mind
    (Jeremiah 731 GN)
  • He changes his mind?
  • Worship of the golden calf So the LORD changed
    his mind and did not bring on his people the
    disaster he had threatened (Exodus 3214 GN)
  • Jonah So he changed his mind

10
God changes his mind?
  • Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and
    forever (Hebrews 138 GN)
  • All generous giving and every perfect gift is
    from above, coming down from the Father of
    lights, with whom there is no variation or the
    slightest hint of change. (James 117 NET)
  • For I am the LORD, I change not (Malachi 36
    KJV)
  • Gods character is a constant that never changes

11
God changes his mind?
  • Adam and Eve where are you?
  • The rainbow
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Worship of the golden calf So the LORD changed
    his mind and did not bring on his people the
    disaster he had threatened (Exodus 3214 GN)
  • Child sacrifice it did not even enter my mind
    (Jeremiah 731 GN)
  • Jonah So he changed his mind

12
Jonah
  • Jonah was furious. He lost his temper. He yelled
    at God, God! I knew itwhen I was back home, I
    knew this was going to happen! Thats why I ran
    off to Tarshish! I knew you were sheer grace and
    mercy, not easily angered, rich in love, and
    ready at the drop of a hat to turn your plans of
    punishment into a program of forgiveness! So,
    God, if you wont kill them, kill me! Im better
    off dead! (Jonah 41-3 The Message)

13
Jonah
  • The LORD answered, What right do you have to be
    angry? Jonah went out east of the city and sat
    down. He made a shelter for himself and sat in
    its shade, waiting to see what would happen to
    Nineveh. Then the LORD God made a plant grow up
    over Jonah to give him some shade, so that he
    would be more comfortable. Jonah was extremely
    pleased with the plant. But at dawn the next day,
    at Gods command, a worm attacked the plant, and
    it died. After the sun had risen, God sent a hot
    east wind, and Jonah was about to faint from the
    heat of the sun beating down on his head. So he
    wished he were dead. I am better off dead than
    alive, he said.

14
Jonah
  • But God said to him, What right do you have to
    be angry about the plant? Jonah replied, I have
    every right to be angry---angry enough to die!
    The LORD said to him, This plant grew up in one
    night and disappeared the next you didnt do
    anything for it and you didnt make it grow---yet
    you feel sorry for it! How much more, then,
    should I have pity on Nineveh, that great city.
    After all, it has more than 120,000 innocent
    children in it, as well as many animals! (Jonah
    44-11 GN)

15
  • So, why can't I likewise change what I feel
    about Nineveh from anger to pleasure, this big
    city of more than a hundred and twenty thousand
    childlike people who don't yet know right from
    wrong, to say nothing of all the innocent
    animals? (Jonah 411 The Message)

16
Jonah
  • Large city, 120,000 children, animals
  • had it been destroyed
  • Great happiness for Jonah
  • Small shade plant
  • It was destroyed
  • Great anger and depression for Jonah

17
  • Lord, do You wish us to command fire to come
    down from heaven and consume them, even as Elijah
    did?
  • But He turned and rebuked and severely censured
    them. He said, You do not know of what sort of
    spirit you are, For the Son of Man did not come
    to destroy mens lives, but to save them. (Luke
    953-56 - Amplified)

18
Amos
  • These are the words of Amos, a shepherd...
    (Amos 11)

19
Chronology
Judah Prophets Israel
931 BC Rehoboam Jeroboam
Abijah Nadab
900 BC Asa Baasha
850 BC Jehoshaphat Elijah Zimri, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Joram
800 BC Jehoram, Ahaziah, Queen Athaliah, Joash Elisha Jonah Amos Johoahaz, Johoash, Jeroboam II
750 BC Amaziah, Uzziah, Ahaz Hosea Micah Isaiah Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah
722 BC Hezekiah Isaiah Pekah, Hoshea
20
Amos
  • Amaziah, the priest of Bethel, then sent a
    report to King Jeroboam of Israel Amos is
    plotting against you among the people. His
    speeches will destroy the country. This is what
    he says Jeroboam will die in battle, and the
    people of Israel will be taken away from their
    land into exile. Amaziah then said to Amos,
    Thats enough, prophet! Go on back to Judah and
    do your preaching there. Let them pay you for it.
    Dont prophesy here at Bethel any more. This is
    the kings place of worship, the national
    temple. Amos answered, I am not the kind of
    prophet who prophesies for pay. I am a herdsman,
    and I take care of fig trees. But the LORD took
    me from my work as a shepherd and ordered me to
    come and prophesy to his people Israel. So now
    listen to what the LORD says. (Amos 710-17
    GN)

21
Amos 1
  • Syria I will send fire upon the palace
  • Philistia I will send fire upon the city
    walls
  • Tyre I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Edom I will send fire upon the city
  • Ammon I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Moab I will send fire upon the land
  • Judah So I will send fire upon Judah and burn
    down the fortresses of Jerusalem

22
  • Virgin Israel has fallen, Never to rise again!
    She lies abandoned on the ground, And no one
    helps her up. (Amos 52 GN)

23
Why so much attention to other nations?
  • The LORD says, People of Israel, I think as
    much of the people of Ethiopia as I do of you. I
    brought the Philistines from Crete and the
    Syrians from Kir, just as I brought you from
    Egypt. (Amos 97 GN)

24
We are all Gods children
  • Rahab and Ruth
  • Naaman
  • Nebuchadnezzar and Cyrus
  • Roman officer
  • I tell you, I have never found anyone in Israel
    with faith like this. I assure you that many will
    come from the east and the west and sit down with
    Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the feast in the
    Kingdom of heaven. But those who should be in the
    Kingdom will be thrown out into the darkness,
    where they will cry and gnash their teeth.
    (Matthew 810-12 GN)
  • Canaanite woman
  • You are a woman of great faith! (Matthew 1528
    GN)

25
Religious
  • The Sovereign LORD says, People of Israel, go
    to the holy place in Bethel and sin, if you must!
    Go to Gilgal and sin with all your might! Go
    ahead and bring animals to be sacrificed morning
    after morning, and bring your tithes every third
    day. Go on and offer your bread in thanksgiving
    to God, and brag about the extra offerings you
    bring! This is the kind of thing you love to
    do. (Amos 44-5 GN)

26
  • The LORD says, I hate your religious festivals
    I cannot stand them! When you bring me burnt
    offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept
    them I will not accept the animals you have
    fattened to bring me as offerings. Stop your
    noisy songs I do not want to listen to your
    harps. Instead, let justice flow like a stream,
    and righteousness like a river that never goes
    dry. (Amos 521-24 GN)

27
Disregard for the outcasts
  • They sell into slavery honest people who cannot
    pay their debts, the poor who cannot repay even
    the price of a pair of sandals. They trample down
    the weak and helpless and push the poor out of
    the wayAt every place of worship people sleep on
    clothing that they have taken from the poor as
    security for debts. (Amos 26-8 GN)

28
  • The LORD says, These people fill their mansions
    with things taken by crime and violence. They
    dont even know how to be honestonly a few will
    survive of Samarias people who recline on
    couches. (Amos 310)

29
  • Listen to this, you women of Samaria, who grow
    fat like the well-fed cows of Bashan, who
    mistreat the weak, oppress the poor, and demand
    that your husbands keep you supplied with
    liquor! (Amos 41 GN)

30
  • You have oppressed the poor and robbed them of
    their grain. And so you will not live in the fine
    stone houses you build or drink wine from the
    beautiful vineyards you plant. I know how
    terrible your sins are and how many crimes you
    have committed. You persecute good people, take
    bribes, and prevent the poor from getting justice
    in the courts. (Amos 511-12 GN)

31
  • How terrible it will be for you that have such
    an easy life in Zion and for you that feel safe
    in Samaria How terrible it will be for you that
    stretch out on your luxurious couches, feasting
    on veal and lamb! You like to compose songs, as
    David did, and play them on harps. You drink wine
    by the bowlful and use the finest perfumes, but
    you do not mourn over the ruin of Israel. (Amos
    64-6 GN)

32
  • Your feasts and banquets will come to an end.
    The Sovereign LORD Almighty has given this solemn
    warning I hate the pride of the people of
    Israel I despise their luxurious mansions.
    (Amos 68,9 GN)

33
  • How terrible it will be for you who long for the
    day of the LORD! What good will that day do you?
    For you it will be a day of darkness and not of
    light. It will be like someone who runs from a
    lion and meets a bear! Or like someone who comes
    home and puts his hand on the wall---only to be
    bitten by a snake! The day of the LORD will bring
    darkness and not light it will be a day of
    gloom, without any brightness. (Amos 518-20
    GN)

34
867 people aged 16-29
  • 440 non-Christians and 305 active churchgoers
  • 440 non-Christians perception of Christianity
  • 91 percent anti-gay image
  • 87 percent judgmental
  • 85 percent hypocritical
  • 305 churchgoers perception
  • 80 percent anti-gay
  • 52 percent judgmental
  • 47 percent hypocritical

35
  • Kinnaman said one of the biggest surprises for
    researchers was the extent to which
    respondentssaid that modern-day Christianity was
    no longer like Jesus.
  • some Christians preferred to call themselves
    followers of Jesus or apprentices of Christ
    because the word Christian could limit their
    ability to relate to people.

36
  • Anti-gay
  • Anti-abortion
  • Stem cells
  • Pledge of allegiance
  • War in Iraq
  • Politics
  • 10 commandments in buildings

37
  • A man suffering from a dreaded skin disease came
    to Jesus, knelt down, and begged him for help.
    If you want to, he said, you can make me
    clean.
  • Jesus was filled with pity, and reached out and
    touched him. I do want to, he answered. Be
    clean! (Mark 140-41 GN)

38
  • When the Pharisees saw him keeping this kind of
    company, they had a fit, and lit into Jesus
    followers. What kind of example is this from
    your Teacher, acting cozy with crooks and
    riff-raff? (Matthew 911 The Message)
  • When the Son of Man came, he ate and drank, and
    everyone said, Look at this man! He is a glutton
    and wine drinker, a friend of tax collectors and
    other outcasts! (Matthew 1119 GN)

39
  • I do not condemn you. (John 811)

40
(No Transcript)
41
  • Jesus went everywhere, doing good and healing
    all who were under the power of the Devil, for
    God was with him. (Acts 1038)
  • Value faithfulness gt effectiveness
  • Value service gt success
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