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Title: Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10)


1
The Book of ExodusTransitions
Gods Sovereignty Exodus 5-11
2
Announcements
  • West Side is having a wedding basket shower for
    Jake and Jennifer Houser. Jake is the son of
    Phyllis and brother to Madi. A basket is on the
    table, in the hallway, for gifts.
  • Anyone interested in planting a garden at the
    church office is asked to meet with Mickey Evans
    this Sunday, after morning services, in the
    chapel.
  • Joyce Owens has a twin hospital bed with mattress
    to loan out.
  • Please contact Robin Thomas if you want to buy
    luminaries for Relay for Life.
  • Servant Group Brainstorming Session Wednesday
    night, April 7, at 800 PM. We need ideas on how
    to make them better, how to recruit leaders,
    share success stories and urge one another on in
    this godly endeavor. Your participation is
    invaluable.
  • Girlfriends Unlimited is collecting baby wipes
    for Help Network this month. Please place them in
    the box under the Girlfriends bulletin board.

3
Prayer List
  • Mildred Bailey St. Marys Rehab 245.
  • Lucille Taylor St. Marys 406 with pneumonia.
  • Norma McKenzie is cancer free!
  • Bobbye Osborn (Jerusalem) PET scan March 24, St.
    Marys.
  • Robert Wallace (Bonnie Krantzs friend) biopsy
    Monday, March 29, at St. Vincents.
  • Sympathy to the family of Chris Adams, who passed
    away March 20, in a car accident. He was a member
    of Silver City Church of Christ, in North Little
    Rock.
  • John Callahan Elder at Mulberry CoC Heart
    Surgery
  • Kerry Stroud Colon Cancer, undergoing chemo

4
Exodus
Week Date Topic
1 10 Mar 10 Exodus Transitions An Introduction
2 17 Mar 10 Gods Preparation of Israel Exodus 1-4
3 24 Mar 10 Gods Sovereignty Exodus 5-11
4 31 Mar 10 Gods Redemption Exodus 121-1316
5 07 Apr10 Gods Completion Exodus 1317-1521
6 14 Apr 10 Gods Instructions to Israel Exodus 1522-1827
7 21 Apr 10 Mosaic Covenant Exodus 191-2411
8 28 Apr 10 Dwelling Among His People Exodus 2412-3118
9 05 May 10 Breaking/Renewing the Covenant Exodus 32-34
10 12 May 10 Senior Blessing Night No classes
11 19 May 10 Israels Worship Exodus 35-40
12 26 May 10 New Testament Implications
13 02 Jun 10 Exodus Transitions A Summary
5
Todays Objectives
  • Review last weeks lesson
  • Learn about the historical timeline of Exodus
    5-11
  • Learn about Pharaohs response to Moses request
    to free the Israelites
  • Learn about Moses and Aarons mission from God
    to Pharaoh
  • Learn about the 10 plagues that impact upon Egypt
    and how God uses them to punish Pharaoh
  • See how the plagues align with mythological gods
    worshipped by the Egyptians

6
Last week
  • Reviewed key points of Exodus
  • Reviewed the timeline of Exodus
  • Reviewed a map of Moses birth and travels
  • Learned about the Pharaohs of Moses time
  • Learned about the Israelites bondage in Egypt
  • Learned the circumstances of Moses' birth and
    family life
  • Learned that Moses flees to Midian after Pharaoh
    learned he had killed an Egyptian
  • Moses marries while in Midian and receives his
    commission to free the Israelites from bondage

7
Key Points of Exodus
  • Gods grace towards His people
  • Delivery from the bonds of slavery
  • Deliverance to the freedom of a covenant
    relationship and fellowship with him
  • No other biblical book surfaces elsewhere in the
    OT as frequently as the Book of Exodus does in
    the NT only the Books of Psalms and Isaiah are
    cited more
  • Acts 7 is a key companion to Exodus and a quick
    read

8
Timeline
  • Moses lived from approximately 1525-1405 BC
  • Completed writing of Exodus after 1445 BC
  • Exodus covers approximately 431 years of history
  • Arrival of Jacob and his family in Egypt to the
    construction of the Tabernacle in Sinai in 1445
    BC
  • Israelites lived in Egypt for 430 years (Gen
    1240)
  • Time of oppression was 400 years (Gen 1513)
  • Transition time in Egypt
  • Egyptians had expelled the Hyskos rulers of the
    time
  • Egyptians formed a world power of which there was
    no match

9
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10
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Ahmose I (1570-1548 BC)
  • Founder of the New Kingdom after the expulsion of
    the Hyksos rulers, consolidated borders
  • Initiated temple building projects
  • Amenhotep (1548-1528)
  • Thutmose I (1528-1518 BC)
  • Meaning Born of Thoth
  • Thoth the Egyptian god of wisdom
  • Moses early childhood
  • Therefore Moses would be Egyptian Born of and
    Mu meaning water

11
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Thutmose II (1518-1504)
  • Moses from about age 8 until 21
  • Thutmose III (1504-1450)
  • Queen Hatshepsut (1498-1483, co-regency)
  • He is called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt
  • He created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen
  • Moses kills Egyptian identifies with his
    brethren (Heb. 1124-26) then leaves Egypt (1486
    BC, Ex 211-15)
  • Moses dwells in Midian 40 years (Acts 730)

King of Upper Lower Egypt Menkheper Ra Son of
Ra Thetmess
12
Thutmose III
13
Rulers of Egypt in Exodus
  • Amenhotep II (1450-1425)
  • Seventh pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty
  • Son of Thutmose III
  • Successful military campaigns
  • Considered to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus
  • Firstborn slain in the last plague (Ex 1229)
  • His eldest son did not follow him to throne.
  • over, after Dream Inscription of Thutmose IV
  • Notes
  • Archaeologists give us great detail on the
    Pharaohs of Moses time
  • Mummies have been found for each of the Pharaohs

14
Amenhotep II
15
Chapter 5-11 Outline
  • Pharaoh's response to Moses (51 61)
  • Moses and Aarons equipment as God's messengers
    (6277)
  • The confirmation of Moses and Aaron's divine
    mission (78-13)
  • The first three plagues (714819)
  • The fourth, fifth, and sixth plagues (820912)
  • The seventh, eight, and ninth plagues
    (9131029)
  • The proclamation of the tenth plague (111-32)

16
Conflict Between Pharaoh
  • God permitted the conflict between Moses and
    Pharaoh for at least three reasons
  • God displays His superior power and sovereignty
    over Pharaoh and the gods of Egypt
  • God strengthened the faith of His people
  • God also used these events to heighten
    anticipation of and appreciation for the
    redemption

17
Pharaoh's Response to Moses (51 61)
  • Moses and Aaron present Gods commands to Pharaoh
    Amenhotep II (51)
  • To go worship the God of Israel
  • Did not perform miracles but merely asked him to
    allow the Israelites to leave Egypt
  • Pharaoh Amenhotep IIs response (52-21)
  • Pharaohs were considered god-like
  • Would not let them go
  • Responded by making the working conditions of the
    Israelites even more harsh (56-21)
  • God promises deliverance (522-61)
  • Ultimately Amenhotep II will let the Israelites
    leave

18
Moses and Aarons Equipment as God's Messengers
(6277)
  • God explains to Moses that he will deliver Israel
    out of Egypt (62-9)
  • Reminded Moses of the promise/covenant
  • God promises to do three things
  • Deliver Israel from bondage (62)
  • He would adopt Israel as His nation (67)
  • He would bring Israel into the promised land
    (68)
  • God directs Moses to repeat the request to the
    Pharaoh (610-13)
  • Moses fears he cannot speak convincingly

19
Moses and Aarons Equipment as God's Messengers
(6277)
  • Genealogical review of Moses and Aaron (614-30)
  • Gods appointed messengers to the Israelites
  • Moses was as God to Pharaoh (71-7)
  • Gods will revealed to Moses
  • Aaron would be Moses prophet and would
    communicate Moses and Gods will to Pharaoh
  • God refers to the miracles Moses would do as
    signs and wonders
  • Ultimate purpose of Gods actions was His own
    glory
  • Moses was 80 and Aaron was 83 at this time

20
Moses Family Tree (614-27)
21
The Confirmation of Moses and Aaron's Divine
Mission (78-13)
  • Pharaoh requests that Moses and Aaron perform a
    miracle to prove their divine (79-10)
  • Aarons staff turned to a snake
  • Pharaoh performs a similar thing, perhaps
    promulgated by God
  • Aarons consumed Pharaohs snake
  • Pharaohs heart had become hardened and could not
    see (713)

22
Plagues
  • Psalm 7843 locates the plagues in northern Egypt
    near Zoan
  • God sends the plagues to punish Pharaoh for his
    refusal to obey God
  • Nature of the plagues
  • Natural occurrences rather than unknown events
  • Some affected only the Egyptians
  • Severity increased
  • Carried a moral purpose

23
Egyptian pantheon 80 gods
  • The ancient Egyptians believed in many different
    gods and goddesses. Each one with their own role
    to play in maintaining peace and harmony across
    the land.
  • The ancient Egyptians believed that it was
    important to recognize and worship these gods and
    goddesses so that life continued smoothly.
  • When they won battles, it was proof their gods
    were with them and were more powerful than their
    enemies.

24
10 Plagues
Plague Scripture Egyptian gods Represents
River of blood 714-25 Hapi/Nilus Sacred river god
Frogs 81-15 Heka, Osiris Reproduction god
Gnats 816-19 Seb Earth god
Flies 820-32 Beelzebub God of flies
Livestock 91-7 Apis, Hathor Sacred bull/cow
Boils 98-12 Neit
Hail 913-1029 Apis
Locusts 101-20 Serapis Protects land from locusts
Darkness 1021-29 Ra Supreme sun god
Death of first born 11 Pharaoh, Piah God of life
25
Archaeological Evidence
  • Hieratic papyrus in Leiden (1909)
  • Plague is throughout the land
  • Blood is everywhere
  • The river is blood
  • No fruit or herbs are found
  • All is ruin, trees are destroyed
  • The land is not light dark
  • Some speculate that the rest of the plagues are a
    result of the Nile flooding
  • The tenth biblical plague against Egypt fits with
    what is known about the death of Amenhotep IIs
    firstborn son

26
Plague 1 Nile into Blood HapiSpirit of the
Nile
  • Hapi was in male form well-developed, almost
    female, breasts. He was a personification of the
    waters of the Nile.

27
Plague 1 Osiris God of the Underworld Giver
of Life.
  • Osiris Appearance A mummified man wearing a
    white cone-like headdress with feathers
  • The Nile was his bloodstream.

28
Plague 2 FrogsHeqt goddess of birth
  • The Egyptians believed the frog was the symbol of
    the life-giving power-goddess, Heka. She was the
    goddess who oversaw the women, the mid-wives, who
    helped women have babies. She was thought to blow
    the breath of life into the nostrils.
  • Egyptians often had little statutes of frogs on
    their night-stands.
  • The killing of a frog punishable by death!

29
Plague 3 LiceSand/ flies.Geb was the earth
god
  • Appearance Man lying down below the arch of the
    sky goddess Nut.
  • This plague would have been an embarrassment to
    Geb,. Egyptians gave offerings to Geb for the
    bounty of the soil -- yet it was from "the dust
    of the soil" that this plague originated.
  • Priests shave hair, impure with lice unable to
    perform sacred tasks or beseech their gods for
    help!

30
Sekhmet was the goddess of war.
  • Sekhmet 'The Powerful One' Appearance
  • Woman with the head of a lioness
  • Not much help in the Red Sea crossing!

31
Plague 1 2Sobek was a Nile god.
  • Sobek Appearance Man with the head of a
    crocodile and a headdress of feathers and a
    sun-disk. . Live crocodiles were kept in pools at
    temples built to honour Sobek.

32
Plague 1 Khnum the Guardian of Nile
  • Appearance Man with the head of a curly-horned
    ram Khnum was a creator god.

33
Plague 3 SwarmsAmon-Ra King of the Gods
  • As a scarab beetle pushes a round ball of dung in
    front of it, the Egyptians pictured Ra as a
    scarab pushing the sun across the sky.
  • Swarms of Scarabs, with teeth that were more
    destructive than termites!

34
Plague 5 Hathor Goddess of love Sacred
Cow.
  • Perhaps Hathor's most famous manifestation is as
    a cow. . Even when appearing as a woman, she
    often sports a cow's head or at least a pair of
    cow ears,, the nourishing, generosity of the cow
    is always readily available under the surface

35
Plague 5- CattleHathor Mother Goddess
  • Appearance Woman with the ears of a cow. Had
    a headdress of horns and a sun disk Hathor was
    a protective goddess. She was also the goddess of
    love and joy.

36
Plague 5 CattleSacred Cows
  • Priests of the bull cults identified a sacred
    bull by its very specific markings (described
    below). Once the bull was proclaimed to be a god
    incarnate, it was taken to the temple compound
    where it was purified, stabled in majestic
    quarters, fed the best foods, and given a herd of
    the finest cows.

37
Plague 5 CattleThe Apis Bull Cult
38
Plague 5 AnimalsBast The Cat Goddess of Love
  • Also would kill cats which were worshipped.

39
All Plagues she did not help!Bastet Protective
goddess
  • Appearance Woman with the head of a cat
  • The cat was a symbol of Bastet. The ancient
    Egyptians made many statues of cats like this one
    to honour Bastet.

40
Plague 6 BoilsImhotep the god of medicine
  • He was also associated with Thoth and became a
    patron of wisdom and medicine. Miraculous cures
    were often attributed to him.

41
Plague 7 Hail came from the sky
  • Where was Nut the Sky Goddess?
  • Appearance Woman whose body arches across the
    sky, wearing a dress decorated with stars.

42
7 Plague of HailSeth protector of crops
  • Appearance Man with the head of an animal'

43
Plague 7-8 Hail and LocustSeth protector of
Crops
  • God of thunder and storm.
  • Why allow Hail and Locusts?

44
Plague 7-8 Hail Locusts Shu God of the
wind
  • Solar deity son of Ra and Hathor.
  • God of air and the atmosphere.

45
Plague 8 LocustsWhere was Isis?
  • Goddess of life and nature.

46
Plague 9- DarknessAten Form of Sun God
  • Appearance
  • A sun disk with rays which end in hands

47
Plague 10 Nekhebet Protector of Royal children
  • Nekhebet (Nekhbet)
  • A guardian goddess who looked after children and
    mothers.She protected and suckled the royal
    children.
  • She is shown hovering over the Pharaoh in
    vulture-form, holding a fly-whisk and a seal

48
10 Osiris God of the Underworld Giver of
Life.
  • Why was Osiris unable to save all the first born
    children?

49
Plague 10Bes Protector of the family
  • Bes Appearance Dwarf with lion and human
    features, wearing the skin of a lion
  • Bes was the protector of pregnant women, newborn
    babies and the family.

50
Preparing for the Tenth Plague (111-10)
  • God informs Moses of one final plague on Pharaoh
    Amenhotep II and upon Egypt (111-3)
  • After this, Pharaoh will let the Israelites go
  • Will be driven out of Egypt completely
  • Directs the people to prepare
  • Moses delivers the message to the Pharaoh
    (114-10)
  • Every first born son in Egypt is to die,
    including that of the Pharaoh and even the cattle
  • Israel will be spared
  • Still Pharaoh Amenhotep would not listen

51
Review
  • Reviewed last weeks lesson
  • Learned about the historical timeline of Exodus
    5-11
  • Learned about Pharaohs response to Moses
    request to free the Israelites
  • Learned about Moses and Aarons mission from God
    to Pharaoh
  • Learned about the 10 plagues that impact upon
    Egypt and how God uses them to punish Pharaoh
  • Saw how the plagues align with mythological gods
    worshipped by the Egyptians
  • Next week Gods Redemption- Exodus 121-1316
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