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Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10)

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Title: Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10) Author: Klemmer Family Last modified by: j6local Created Date: 9/19/2005 2:11:50 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jonah Takes to the Sea (1:1-10)


1
The Book of LeviticusWhy It Matters to
Christians
Sanctification of the Land Leviticus 25
2
Leviticus
Week Date Topic
1 08 Sep 10 Leviticus Introduction
2 15 Sep 10 Sacrifices Leviticus 1-7
3 22 Sep 10 Priesthood of Aaron Leviticus 8-10
4 29 Sep 10 Ritual Cleanliness Leviticus 11-15
5 06 Oct 10 Day of Atonement Leviticus 16
6 13 Oct 10 Holiness of Conduct Leviticus 17-20
7 20 Oct 10 Holiness of Priests Leviticus 21-22
8 27 Oct 10 Sabbath and Feasts Leviticus 23
9 03 Nov 10 Preparation and Punishments Leviticus 24
10 10 Nov 10 Sanctification of the Land Leviticus 25
11 17 Nov 10 Promises and Warnings Leviticus 26
12 24 Nov 10 Thanksgiving
13 01 Dec 10 Vows and Redemption of Tithes Leviticus 27
3
Todays Objectives
  • Review last weeks lesson
  • Learn about the sabbatical year
  • Learn about the year of the jubilee and its
    importance to the less fortunate in Israel
  • See how the year of jubilee is observed
  • Concerning possession of property
  • Concerning personal freedom
  • Learn about the kinsman redeemer
  • OT examples
  • Jesus as our kinsman redeemer

4
Last week
  • Learned about the lamps and the olive oil used to
    keep the lamps burning continually
  • Learned about ancient processing of olive oil
  • Learned about the 12 loaves of bread provided
    each Sabbath to the temple
  • Learned about punishment for the irreverent,
    specifically those that used Gods name in vain
  • Reviewed NT scripture regarding, lamps, bread,
    and retribution

5
Tabernacle
Ark
Laver
Altar of burn offering
6
Altar
7
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8
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9
Early Israelite Timeline
Egypt
430 Years in Egypt (Ex 1240-41 Gal 317)
400Years of Bondage (Gen 1513, 16 Acts 76)
About 450 Years of bondage, wandering, and
conquests (Acts 1319-20)
10
Key To Studying Leviticus
  • We must examine the messages and determine what
    the passage represents in order to see the riches
    God has for us
  • Does the passage provide a spiritual truth?
  • Is this passage or verse a picture of New
    Testament spiritual truth that we obey today?
  • If it is, is that its only importance?
  • If this answer is yes, once we have determined
    the meaning of the picture, our interpretation is
    finished
  • If not, then we ask if it is a moral or physical
    command

11
Key To Studying Leviticus
  • Is it a moral or physical command
  • Why did God give this verse/passage to the
    Israelites?
  • Is the command reflective of God's moral nature,
    and therefore one we need to follow, even today?
  • Did he want them to be different from the people
    around them?
  • If so, is the specific command relevant for us
    today, so that we might be different?
  • Did God give the command to them for health
    reasons? If so, is it relevant today? If we
    conclude that the specific command is not
    relevant for us, we must ask, What is the
    principle behind the commands of God? How does
    the principle apply to us?

12
Sacrifices To God
  • God designed these offering to
  • Enable the Israelites to worship God
  • Taught the Israelites conditions necessary to
    restore and maintain the believers communion
    with God in view of their sin and defilement
  • Each offering involved three objects
  • The person bringing the offering
  • The object being offered (animal, for example)
  • The mediator (priest)
  • Differences in offerings
  • Each offering was different from the other
    offerings
  • Within each offering there were different options
    of what the offerer could present and how he
    could present it

13
Overview of Chapter 25
  • Concludes the laws that God gave to the
    Israelites on Mt. Sinai
  • Only laws regarding land ownership in the first
    five books of the bible.
  • Correspond with laws original given by Moses to
    the people of Israel
  • Central them of the chapter is about restoration
  • Israels life was to be governed by a period of
    seven-year periods or Sabbath years
  • A seven periods of seven years, Israel would
    enter a Year of Jubilee or the 50th year
  • This 50th year becomes the year of restoration

14
Sabbatical Year (251-7)
  • God orders the people to let the land rest every
    seventh year
  • Remember, the people were also told to rest
  • People and land renewed their strength and
    productivity
  • Productivity increase more than if they were to
    work and work the land
  • Land belonged to God
  • By using the land properly, the Israelites
    sanctified their possession of it
  • Crops grown during the sabbatical year was given
    as an offering to Yahweh
  • Not to harvest, but given to slaves, hired
    people, foreign residents , aliens, cattle,
    animals (vs. 6-7)

15
Year of Jubilee (258-12)
  • Overview
  • Hebrew work yabal, meaning to bring forth
  • Did for the land what the Day of Atonement did
    for the people
  • God brings back the land into His intended
    condition
  • Priests announced year of jubilee on the Day of
    Atonement (v. 9)
  • Observe jubilee every fiftieth year
  • Priest to blow the rams horn (shophar)
  • Began on the Day of Atonement
  • No planting or harvest was to take place
  • Year of Jubilee only mentioned in the OT
    Pentateuch, indicating it may have been violated

16
Impact of the Jubilee (2513-34)
  • Property reverted to its original tribal leasee
  • Reminded the Israelites that they were not the
    owner, but merely a borrower from God, the true
    owner (vs. 23)
  • The Promised Land was a gift from God, not to be
    bought or sold at will
  • Could only release the land under extreme
    hardship (v. 24)
  • Kinsman redeemer could recover the lost property
  • Seller could redeem the property
  • Year of jubilee would return it to him
  • Exceptions to the normal rules in cases of a
    walled city (vs 29-30) and property of the
    Levites (vs 32-34)

17
Impact of the Jubilee (2513-34)
  • Responsibilities of the Israelite kinsman
    redeemer
  • Buy back persons or property because of economic
    distress (vs. 25)
  • Could not afford to pay a ransom price (2711-13)
  • When someone killed a person, the victims
    kinsman redeemer could take the life of the
    killer under some circumstances (Num 3510-29)
  • Levirate marriage
  • Marriage of a widow and her husbands brother or
    nearest relative to keep the family line going
  • Gen 38

18
Impact Upon Individuals (2535-46)
  • During the year of jubilee, Israelites be
    especially considerate of those less fortunate
    (vs. 35-38)
  • Not charge interest or make profit (vs. 37)
  • See Deut. 2319-20
  • Wealthier Israelites to treat poor Israelite
    servants as family, not as slaves (vs. 39-43)
  • God permitted the Israelites to own slaves from
    other nations (vs. 44-46)
  • Treated like property but must treat them fairly
  • Israelites could buy back (redeem) their
    countrymen who had sold themselves as slaves to
    non-Israelites
  • Calculate in view of the coming jubilee (vs.
    44-46)
  • Romans 615-22 for a NT comparison

19
Kinsmen Redeemer (2547-55)
  • Requirements of the kinsmen redeemer
  • Redeemer must be a kinsman
  • Must be free himself
  • Must be able to pay the price
  • Willing to pay the price
  • Provision of redemption by a relative - examples
  • Boaz and Ruth
  • Boaz fulfilled the responsibility of a kinsmen
    redeemer by buying Mahlons land for Ruth and
    then married Ruth
  • Ruth 31-9
  • Jesus, see Psalms 1119 and Hebrews 211-18
  • Jesus is our kinsmen redeemer

20
Review
  • Reviewed last weeks lesson concerning the lamps,
    bread, and retribution
  • Learned about the sabbatical seventh year
  • Learn about the 50th year of the jubilee and its
    importance to the less fortunate in Israel
  • Saw how the year of jubilee was observed
  • Learned about the kinsman redeemer
  • Examples of kinsman redeemers are found in the
    book of Ruth and Job
  • Jesus as our kinsman redeemer
  • Next week Leviticus 26, Promises and Warnings
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