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Jonah and Amos

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'Then the LORD ordered the fish to spit Jonah up on the beach, and it did.' ( Jonah 2:10 GN) ... Towel of Babel. Sodom and Gomorrah ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jonah and Amos


1
Jonah and Amos
2
Chronology
3
Jonah
  • Prophet to the enemy
  • Go to Nineveh, that great city, and speak out
    against it I am aware of how wicked its people
    are. Jonah, however, set out in the opposite
    direction in order to get away from the LORD.
    (Jonah 12,3 GN)

4
Jonah
  • I am a Hebrew, Jonah answered. I worship the
    LORD, the God of heaven, who made land and sea.
    Jonah went on to tell them that he was running
    away from the LORD. The sailors were terrified,
    and said to him, That was an awful thing to do!
    The storm was getting worse all the time, so the
    sailors asked him, What should we do to you to
    stop the storm? Jonah answered, Throw me into
    the sea, and it will calm down. I know it is my
    fault that you are caught in this violent
    storm. (Jonah 19-12 GN)
  • What should God do?

5
Jonah
  • At the LORDs command a large fish swallowed
    Jonah, and he was inside the fish for three days
    and three nights. (Jonah 117 GN)
  • In the same way that Jonah spent three days and
    nights in the big fish, so will the Son of Man
    spend three days and nights in the depths of the
    earth. (Matthew 1240 GN)
  • Then the LORD ordered the fish to spit Jonah up
    on the beach, and it did. (Jonah 210 GN)
  • Once again the LORD spoke to Jonah. He said, Go
    to Nineveh, that great city, and proclaim to the
    people the message I have given you. So Jonah
    obeyed the LORD and went to Nineveh, a city so
    large that it took three days to walk through it.
    Jonah started through the city, and after walking
    a whole day, he proclaimed, In forty days
    Nineveh will be destroyed! The people of Nineveh
    believed Gods message. So they decided that
    everyone should fast, and all the people, from
    the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth to
    show that they had repented. (Jonah 31-4 GN)

6
Jonah
  • When the king of Nineveh heard about it, he got
    up from his throne, took off his robe, put on
    sackcloth, and sat down in ashes. He sent out a
    proclamation to the people of Nineveh This is
    an order from the king and his officials No one
    is to eat anything all persons, cattle, and
    sheep are forbidden to eat or drink. All persons
    and animals must wear sackcloth. Everyone must
    pray earnestly to God and must give up their
    wicked behavior and their evil actions. Perhaps
    God will change his mind perhaps he will stop
    being angry, and we will not die! God saw what
    they did he saw that they had given up their
    wicked behavior. So he changed his mind and did
    not punish them as he had said he would. (Jonah
    36-10 GN)

7
God changes his mind?
  • God is not like people, who lie He is not a
    human who changes his mind. Whatever he promises,
    he does He speaks, and it is done. (Numbers
    2319 GN)
  • Israels majestic God does not lie or change
    his mind. He is not a human being---he does not
    change his mind. (1 Samuel 1529 GN)
  • Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and
    forever (Hebrews 138 GN)
  • All generous giving and every perfect gift is
    from above, coming down from the Father of
    lights, with whom there is no variation or the
    slightest hint of change. (James 117 NET)
  • For I am the LORD, I change not (Malachi 36
    KJV)

8
God changes his mind?
  • God doesnt know everything?
  • Adam and Eve where are you?
  • The rainbow
  • Towel of Babel
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Child sacrifice it did not even enter my mind
    (Jeremiah 731 GN)
  • He changes his mind?
  • Worship of the golden calf So the LORD changed
    his mind and did not bring on his people the
    disaster he had threatened (Exodus 3214 GN)
  • Jonah So he changed his mind
  • Is this a contradiction?

9
God changes his mind?
  • Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and
    forever (Hebrews 138 GN)
  • All generous giving and every perfect gift is
    from above, coming down from the Father of
    lights, with whom there is no variation or the
    slightest hint of change. (James 117 NET)
  • For I am the LORD, I change not (Malachi 36
    KJV)
  • Gods character is a constant that never changes
  • Gods love and attitude toward sinners never
    changes
  • who told you that you were naked?
  • I do not condemn you

10
God changes his mind?
  • Adam and Eve where are you?
  • The rainbow
  • Towel of Babel
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Worship of the golden calf So the LORD changed
    his mind and did not bring on his people the
    disaster he had threatened (Exodus 3214 GN)
  • Child sacrifice it did not even enter my mind
    (Jeremiah 731 GN)
  • Jonah So he changed his mind

11
Jonah
  • Jonah was furious. He lost his temper. He yelled
    at God, God! I knew itwhen I was back home, I
    knew this was going to happen! Thats why I ran
    off to Tarshish! I knew you were sheer grace and
    mercy, not easily angered, rich in love, and
    ready at the drop of a hat to turn your plans of
    punishment into a program of forgiveness! So,
    God, if you wont kill them, kill me! Im better
    off dead! (Jonah 41-3 The Message)

12
Jonah
  • The LORD answered, What right do you have to be
    angry? Jonah went out east of the city and sat
    down. He made a shelter for himself and sat in
    its shade, waiting to see what would happen to
    Nineveh. Then the LORD God made a plant grow up
    over Jonah to give him some shade, so that he
    would be more comfortable. Jonah was extremely
    pleased with the plant. But at dawn the next day,
    at Gods command, a worm attacked the plant, and
    it died. After the sun had risen, God sent a hot
    east wind, and Jonah was about to faint from the
    heat of the sun beating down on his head. So he
    wished he were dead. I am better off dead than
    alive, he said.

13
Jonah
  • But God said to him, What right do you have to
    be angry about the plant? Jonah replied, I have
    every right to be angry---angry enough to die!
    The LORD said to him, This plant grew up in one
    night and disappeared the next you didnt do
    anything for it and you didnt make it grow---yet
    you feel sorry for it! How much more, then,
    should I have pity on Nineveh, that great city.
    After all, it has more than 120,000 innocent
    children in it, as well as many animals! (Jonah
    44-11 GN)

14
Jonah
  • Large city, 120,000 children, animals
  • had it been destroyed
  • Great happiness for Jonah
  • Small shade plant
  • It was destroyed
  • Great anger and depression for Jonah

15
Amos
  • These are the words of Amos, a shepherd from the
    town of Tekoa. Two years before the earthquake,
    when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam son of
    Jehoash was king of Israel, God revealed to Amos
    all these things about Israel. (Amos 11)

16
Chronology
17
Amos
  • Amaziah, the priest of Bethel, then sent a
    report to King Jeroboam of Israel Amos is
    plotting against you among the people. His
    speeches will destroy the country. This is what
    he says Jeroboam will die in battle, and the
    people of Israel will be taken away from their
    land into exile. Amaziah then said to Amos,
    Thats enough, prophet! Go on back to Judah and
    do your preaching there. Let them pay you for it.
    Dont prophesy here at Bethel any more. This is
    the kings place of worship, the national
    temple. Amos answered, I am not the kind of
    prophet who prophesies for pay. I am a herdsman,
    and I take care of fig trees. But the LORD took
    me from my work as a shepherd and ordered me to
    come and prophesy to his people Israel. So now
    listen to what the LORD says. You tell me to stop
    prophesying, to stop raving against the people of
    Israel. And so, Amaziah, the LORD says to you,
    Your wife will become a prostitute in the city,
    and your children will be killed in war. Your
    land will be divided up and given to others, and
    you yourself will die in a heathen country. And
    the people of Israel will certainly be taken away
    from their own land into exile. (Amos 710-17
    GN)

18
Amos
  • I cant stand your religious meetings. Im fed
    up with your conferences and conventions. I want
    nothing to do with your religion projects, your
    pretentious slogans and goals. Im sick of your
    fund-raising schemes, your public relations and
    image making. Ive had all I can take of your
    noisy ego-music. When was the last time you sang
    to me? Do you know what I want? I want
    justiceoceans of it. I want fairnessrivers of
    it. Thats what I want. Thats all I want. (Amos
    521-24 The Message)

19
Amos 1
  • Syria I will send fire upon the palace
  • Philistia I will send fire upon the city
    walls
  • Tyre I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Edom I will send fire upon the city
  • Ammon I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Moab I will send fire upon the land
  • Judah So I will send fire upon Judah and burn
    down the fortresses of Jerusalem
  • Does disaster strike a city unless the LORD
    sends it? (Amos 36 GN)

20
Fearsome language
  • I was the one who brought famine to all your
    cities, yet you did not come back to me. I kept
    it from raining when your crops needed it most. I
    sent rain on one city, but not on another. Rain
    fell on one field, but another field dried up.
    Weak with thirst, the people of several cities
    went to a city where they hoped to find water,
    but there was not enough to drink. Still you did
    not come back to me. I sent a scorching wind to
    dry up your crops. The locusts ate up all your
    gardens and vineyards, your fig trees and olive
    trees. Still you did not come back to me. I sent
    a plague on you like the one I sent on Egypt. I
    killed your young men in battle and took your
    horses away. I filled your nostrils with the
    stink of dead bodies in your camps. Still you did
    not come back to me. I destroyed some of you as I
    destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah. Those of you who
    survived were like a burning stick saved from a
    fire. Still you did not come back to me, says
    the LORD. So then, people of Israel, I am going
    to punish you. And because I am going to do this,
    get ready to face my judgment! (Amos 46-12
    GN)

21
Fearsome language
  • If there are ten men left in a family, they will
    die. The dead mans relative, the one in charge
    of the funeral, will take the body out of the
    house. The relative will call to whoever is still
    left in the house, Is anyone else there with
    you? The person will answer, No! Then the
    relative will say, Be quiet! We must be careful
    not even to mention the LORDs name. (Amos
    69-10 GN)

22
Amos 1
  • Syria I will send fire upon the palace
  • Philistia I will send fire upon the city
    walls
  • Tyre I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Edom I will send fire upon the city
  • Ammon I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Moab I will send fire upon the land
  • Judah So I will send fire upon Judah and burn
    down the fortresses of Jerusalem

23
Gods warning to Judah
  • The LORD says, The people of Judah have sinned
    again and again, and for this I will certainly
    punish them. They have despised my teachings and
    have not kept my commands. They have been led
    astray by the same false gods that their
    ancestors served. So I will send fire upon Judah
    and burn down the fortresses of Jerusalem. The
    LORD says, The people of Israel have sinned
    again and again, and for this I will certainly
    punish them. They sell into slavery honest people
    who cannot pay their debts, the poor who cannot
    repay even the price of a pair of sandals.
    (Amos 24-6 GN)

24
Gods warning to Judah
  • I looked for someone who could build a wall, who
    could stand in the places where the walls have
    crumbled and defend the land when my anger is
    about to destroy it, but I could find no one. So
    I will turn my anger loose on them, and like a
    fire I will destroy them for what they have
    done. The Sovereign Lord has spoken. (Ezekiel
    2230,31 GN).

25
Gods warning to Judah
  • Write down todays date, because this is the day
    that the king of Babylonia is beginning the siege
    of Jerusalem.This is what the Sovereign Lord is
    saying The city of murderers is doomed! I
    myself will pile up the firewood. Bring more
    wood! Fan the flames! Cook the meat! Boil away
    the broth! Burn up the bones! Now set the empty
    bronze pot on the coals and let it get red-hot.
    Then the pot will be ritually pure again after
    the corrosion is burned off, although all that
    corrosion will not disappear in the
    flames. Jerusalem, your immoral actions have
    defiled you. Although I tried to purify you, you
    remained defiled. You will not be pure again
    until you have felt the full force of my
    anger. I, the Lord, have spoken. The time has
    come for me to act. I will not ignore your sins
    or show pity or be merciful. You will be punished
    for what you have done. The Sovereign Lord has
    spoken (Ezekiel 242,9-14 GN).

26
Amos 1
  • Syria I will send fire upon the palace
  • Philistia I will send fire upon the city
    walls
  • Tyre I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Edom I will send fire upon the city
  • Ammon I will send fire upon the city walls
  • Moab I will send fire upon the land
  • Judah So I will send fire upon Judah and burn
    down the fortresses of Jerusalem
  • What actually happened?

27
Gods warning to Judah
  • I will abandon the people who survive, and will
    hand them over to their enemies, who will conquer
    them and plunder their land. I will do this to my
    people because they have sinned against me and
    have stirred up my anger from the time their
    ancestors came out of Egypt to this day (2 Kings
    2114,15).
  • You will feel my anger when I turn it loose on
    you like a blazing firewhat actually
    happened?And I will hand you over to brutal
    men, experts at destruction (Ezekiel 2131).
  • I will hand you over to other nations who will
    rob you and plunder you. I will destroy you so
    completely that you will not be a nation any more
    or have a country of your own. (Ezekiel 257)

28
What actually happened to Judah?
  • On the seventh day of the fifth month of the
    nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of
    Babylonia, Nebuzaradan, adviser to the king and
    commander of his army, entered Jerusalem. He
    burned down the Temple, the palace, and the
    houses of all the important people in
    Jerusalem, and his soldiers tore down the city
    walls (2 Kings 258-10).
  • Meanwhile, the Babylonians burned down the royal
    palace and the houses of the people and tore down
    the walls of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 398).
  • So the Lord brought the king of Babylonia to
    attack them. The king killed the young men of
    Judah even in the Temple. He had no mercy on
    anyone, young or old, man or woman, sick or
    healthy. God handed them all over to him (2
    Chronicles 3617).

29
Gods anger
  • Gods anger is revealed from heaven against all
    the sin and evil of the people whose evil ways
    prevent the truth from being known. God punishes
    them, because what can be known about God is
    plain to them, for God himself made it plain
    (Romans 118,19 GN).
  • They say they are wise, but they are
    fools instead of worshiping the immortal God,
    they worship images made to look like mortals or
    birds or animals or reptiles. And so God has
    given those people over to do the filthy things
    their hearts desire, and they do shameful things
    with each other. They exchange the truth about
    God for a lie they worship and serve what God
    has created instead of the Creator himself, who
    is to be praised forever! Amen. Because they do
    this, God has given them over to shameful
    passions.Because those people refuse to keep in
    mind the true knowledge about God, he has given
    them over to corrupted minds, so that they do the
    things that they should not do (Romans
    122-26,28 GN).

30
Gods anger
  • My anger will flame up like fire and burn
    everything on earth. It will reach to the world
    below and consume the roots of the mountains. I
    will bring on them endless disasters and use all
    my arrows against them. (Deuteronomy 3222,23
    GN)
  • What happens when God shoots all his arrows at
    his children?
  • They fail to see why they were defeated they
    cannot understand what happened. Why were a
    thousand defeated by one, and ten thousand by
    only two? The Lord, their God, had abandoned
    them their mighty God had given them up
    (Deuteronomy 3229,30 GN)

31
Gods anger
  • The LORD said to Moses, You will soon die, and
    after your death the people will become
    unfaithful to me and break the covenant that I
    made with them. They will abandon me and worship
    the pagan gods of the land they are about to
    enter. When that happens, I will become angry
    with them I will abandon them, and they will be
    destroyed. Many terrible disasters will come upon
    them, and then they will realize that these
    things are happening to them because I, their
    God, am no longer with them. (Deuteronomy
    3116-17 - GN)

32
Gods anger
  • I will attack the people of Israel and Judah
    like a lion. I myself will tear them to pieces
    and then leave them. When I drag them off, no one
    will be able to save them. I will abandon my
    people until they have suffered enough for their
    sins and come looking for me. Perhaps in their
    suffering they will try to find me (Hosea
    514,15 GN)
  • My people sacrificed to Baal they burned
    incense to idols It will destroy my people
    because they do what they themselves think best.
    They insist on turning away from me. They will
    cry out because of the yoke that is on them, but
    no one will lift it from them. How can I give
    you up, Israel? How can I abandon you? (Hosea
    11 1-8 GN)
  • When I abandon these people, terrible things
    will happen to them (Hosea 912 GN)

33
Gods anger
  • Gods anger is equated in the Bible with his
    abandoning, handing over, giving up his
    rebellious children when he can do no more to
    help them.
  • How easily does God get angry?
  • I, the LORD, am a God who is full of compassion
    and pity, who is not easily angered and who shows
    great love and faithfulness (Exodus 346 GN)
  • But why would God ever abandon his children?
  • Its all about freedom!
  • Love forgiveness discipline/harsh language
    fear
  • He is always like the Father in the story of the
    prodigal son
  • Very well, then, I will give you freedom the
    freedom to die by war, disease, and starvation
    (Jeremiah 3417 GN)

34
Gods fearsome language
  • It is meant to get our attention
  • Jonah
  • So I will not rescue you anymore. Go and cry out
    to the gods you have chosen! Let them rescue you
    in your hour of distress!
  • But the Israelites pleaded with the Lord and
    said, We have sinned. Punish us as you see fit,
    only rescue us today from our enemies. Then the
    Israelites put aside their foreign gods and
    served the Lord. And he was grieved by their
    misery (Judges 106-16 NLT)
  • Parent of a rebellious child

35
Gods fearsome language
  • Come to me, and you will liveGo to the LORD,
    and you will live. (Amos 54,6 GN)
  • A day is coming when I will restore the kingdom
    of David, which is like a house fallen into
    ruins. (Amos 911 GN)

36
Why so much attention to other nations?
  • The LORD says, People of Israel, I think as
    much of the people of Ethiopia as I do of you. I
    brought the Philistines from Crete and the
    Syrians from Kir, just as I brought you from
    Egypt. (Amos 97 GN)

37
We are all Gods children
  • The Gentiles do not have the Law but whenever
    they do by instinct what the Law commands, they
    are their own law, even though they do not have
    the Law. Their conduct shows that what the Law
    commands is written in their hearts. Their
    consciences also show that this is true, since
    their thoughts sometimes accuse them and
    sometimes defend them.
  • And so, according to the Good News I preach, this
    is how it will be on that Day when God through
    Jesus Christ will judge the secret thoughts of
    all. (Romans 214-16 GN)

38
We are all Gods children
  • Rahab
  • Ruth
  • Naaman
  • Nebuchadnezzar
  • Cyrus
  • Roman officer
  • I tell you, I have never found anyone in Israel
    with faith like this. I assure you that many will
    come from the east and the west and sit down with
    Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the feast in the
    Kingdom of heaven. But those who should be in the
    Kingdom will be thrown out into the darkness,
    where they will cry and gnash their teeth.
    (Matthew 810-12 GN)
  • Canaanite woman
  • You are a woman of great faith! (Matthew 1528
    GN)
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