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Impact of WWII

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Title: Impact of WWII


1
Impact of WWII
Impact
  • SS6H7b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of
    the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and
    the rise of Superpowers.

2
E.Q.
  • How did WWII impact the world in terms of the
    Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the
    rise of Superpowers?

3
Holocaust Key Facts
  • Holocaust systematic killing of 6 million Jews
  • Key person Adolph Hitler
  • Time period WWII
  • Genocide planned killing of a race of people
  • How
  • 1. identified Jews with yellow star
  • 2. took away rights/freedoms
  • 3. gathered/imprisoned Jews in ghettos
  • 4. shipped Jews to concentration camps

http//www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_fi.php?ModuleId
10005143MediaId183
4
Concentration Camps
  • Left
  • Old, weak, young
  • Sent to showers
  • Gassed to death
  • cremated
  • Right
  • Workers
  • Sent to showers
  • Heads shaved
  • Given prison clothes
  • Tattooed with number
  • Worked to death

5
Not Just Jews Killed
  • Political prisoners
  • Mentally ill
  • Disabled
  • Gypsies, Poles, and others

Helene Gotthold, a Jehovah's Witness, was
beheaded for her religious beliefs on December 8,
1944, in Berlin. She is pictured with her
children. Germany, June 25, 1936.
6
After
  • Survivors no homes left
  • United Nations divided Palestine into Arab and
    Jewish states (countries)
  • Israel became a Jewish nation - 1948

http//www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_fi.php?ModuleId
10005129MediaId177
7
Page169 CRCT Test Prep
  • 435. What is genocide?
  • The planned killing of a race of people
  • 436. Who created the country of Israel?
  • United Nations
  • 437. Who was spared in the Holocaust?
  • None of the above
  • 438. What actions did the United Nations take as
    a result of the Holocaust?
  • Created a Jewish state and made genocide a crime

8
Cold WarKey Facts
  • When end of WWII 1945
  • What period of distrust and misunderstanding
  • Who between Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) U.S.A.
    (and former allies)
  • Why Soviet Union was communist/command (strong
    central government controls businesses). U.S.A.
    believed businesses should be privately owned.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Eastern Bloc vs. Western Bloc
  • Eastern (red)
  • Western (blue)
  • Soviet Union
  • Most eastern European countries
  • U.S.A.
  • Most western European countries

IRON CURTAIN
11
Germany
  • Divided after WWII into 4 parts
  • 1948 divided into West Germany (free) and East
    Germany (Soviet controlled)
  • Capital Berlin divided into East Berlin and
    West Berlin
  • 1961 Berlin Wall built to separate city

12
Fears
  • Each side believed the other wanted to rule the
    world.
  • People feared a nuclear war would happen.
  • Countries formed alliances for protection.
  • 1949
  • Western Bloc plus Canada formed North Atlantic
    Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • Eastern Bloc formed Warsaw Pact

13
CRCT Test Prep page 170
  • 439. Which country was the leader of the Eastern
    Bloc?
  • Soviet Union
  • 440. What 2 terms describe the dividing line
    between eastern western, communist
    noncommunist areas?
  • Berlin Wall Iron Curtain
  • 441. Which was 1 of the areas of disagreement
    between the U.S.S.R. the U.S. during the Cold
    War?
  • Best type of economic system
  • 442. When was the Cold War?
  • After WWII
  • 443. The Warsaw Pact was to the U.S.S.R. as NATO
    was to the
  • U.S.

14
Rise of the Superpowers
  • Soviet Union
  • U.S.A.
  • Communist, Command
  • Permanent seat on U.N. Security Council
  • Largest country in the world
  • Military and space technology
  • World-wide spy network (KGB)
  • One of largest stockpiles of nukes in world
  • Influenced world events
  • Constitutional Republic, Free market
  • Permanent seat on U.N. Security Council
  • 4th most populated country in world
  • Powerful military support from NATO
  • Largest navy in world
  • Military bases all over world
  • CIA (spies)
  • Large reserve of nukes
  • Influenced world events

15
CRCT Test Prep page 171
  • 444. As a world superpower, the U.S.S.R. had
  • A seat on the UN Security Council
  • 445. As a world superpower, the U.S. had
  • Military bases all over the world
  • 446. Which condition is required to be a world
    superpower?
  • Influence over world events

16
Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • Problem Soviet Union spent
  • Putting down revolts in its countries
  • protecting its borders
  • keeping up with the arms race against the U.S.A

17
Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • 1985
  • Result
  • improved relations with U.S.A.
  • inspired other Eastern Bloc countries to demand
    freedom
  • leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  • reduced government control of business
  • increased freedom for citizens

18
German Reunification
  • Nov 1989 Berlin Wall torn down
  • Germany began to reunify
  • Germany was 1 country again in 1990
  • Cold War was over
  • Soviet republics gained freedom from Soviet
    Union.
  • Many new countries were made. Russia is the
    largest.

19
CRCT Test Prep pages 172
  • 447. Why did Gorbachev reduce government control
    of the economy?
  • An unstable economy due to increased military
    spending
  • 448. What marked the end of the Cold War?
  • Destruction of the Berlin Wall
  • 449. What was the largest country created from
    the former Soviet Union?
  • Russia
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