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Post WWII (1945

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Post WWII (1945 1980 s) ... SS810 Hank Aaron Who in 1974 set the record for the most home runs in front of a television audience of millions. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post WWII (1945


1
Post WWII(1945 1980s)
2
SS810
  • SS8H10 The student will evaluate key post-World
    War II developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970.
  • a. Analyze the impact of the transformation of
    agriculture on Georgias growth.
  • b. Explain how the development of Atlanta,
    including the roles of mayors William B.
    Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league
    sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia.
  • c. Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall.

3
Signs of the Times
  • Read p. 422 - 423

SS810
4
Population Changes in Georgia
  • Georgia was a farming state until after WWII.
  • What did they do for a living? When you do your
    interview you will be sure to find out.
  • 1920 2.1 million living in rural areas
  • 1960 1.9 million living in rural areas
  • 1990 6,478,149 Georgians only 1/4th of those
    people lived in rural areas
  • Analyze the impact of the transformation of
  • agriculture on Georgias growth.

SS810
5
Farming in Georgia
  • Today less than 2 of Georgians are involved in
    farming
  • Most Georgia farms sell less than 10,000 in
    products a year.

SS810
6
Development of Atlanta After WWII
  • The war brought many factories to Georgia and
    businesses all over the U.S. began to see many
    benefits of building a business in Atlanta
  • 1. Mild Climate
  • 2. Non-Union Labor Force
  • 3. Low Business and Individual Income Taxes
  • 4. Growth of Aviation
  • 5. Atlantas Major League Sports Teams

SS810
7
Lockheed CDC
  • By the close of the 1950s, Lockheed was the
    states largest employer
  • http//www.lockheedmartin.com/
  • https//www.youtube.com/user/LockheedMartinVideos/
    featured
  • CDC became the worlds leader in protecting the
    world from old and new diseases
  • http//www.cdc.gov/

SS810
8
Growth of Aviation in Georgia
  • Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport
  • In 1925, Atlanta began developing the current
    site of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International
    Airport into an airfield. Originally, it was
    named Candler Field after the property's former
    owner's which included Coca-Cola magnate Asa
    Candler. A year later, two 1,500 foot long dirt
    strips were built and Florida Airways began
    delivering mail on the Tampa/Jacksonville/Atlanta
    rout, becoming the first commercial flight into
    Candler Field. The following year the first
    hangars were built on the property.
  • In June of 1930, Delta Air Service, later known
    as Delta Air Lines, began passenger service from
    Birmingham, Ala., in June. In December of that
    same year, Eastern Air Transport, formerly
    Pitcairn Aviation inaugurated the first
    continuous passenger service from Atlanta to New
    York.
  • During World War II Atlanta was declared an air
    base location by the U.S. government and Candler
    Field doubled in size. In 1942, Candler Field
    recorded 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single
    day and was named the nation's busiest airport, a
    distinction the current Hartsfield-Jackson
    Atlanta International Airport retains today.

SS810
9
Today
  • In 2005, the airport celebrated 80 years of
    service. The current name reflects two former
    Atlanta Mayors William B. Hartsfield and Maynard
    H. Jackson, along with its international
    designation. From its humble beginnings to its
    present world-class distinction, Georgia's
    primary airport continues to be a vital link in
    the world's air transportation system.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?v0dyogKl5khk
SS810
10
So who is it named after?
SS810
11
William B. HartsfieldMayor of Atlanta
  • 1928 elected to Atlanta City Council. He was
    obsessed with airplanes and building an airport.
    He was given the nickname Father of Aviation.
  • Served as mayor of Atlanta longer than any other
    mayor in the citys history. 6 terms from 1937
    1961.
  • Helped Atlanta get through the Depression by
    pinching pennies.
  • During his terms Atlanta went from 100,000 to
    1,000,000 infrastructure!!
  • Laws governing people of color changed and he
    promoted the idea that Atlanta was A City Too
    Busy to Hate

SS810
12
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vIPXg9Rk4cfI

13
Ivan Allen Jr. Mayor of Atlanta
  • He was the only politician from the south
    supported the Civil Rights Movement and Martin
    Luther King, Jr.
  • He is best known for bringing in Atlantas sports
    teams during the 1960s! (Braves Falcons in
    1966!!!)
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vrRexk_K3HeQ

SS810
14
Atlanta Braves
  • 1966 Milwaukee Braves become Atlanta Braves and
    play their first game. Ivan Allen had a stadium
    built for them. When the Braves moved to Atlanta
    they were the first professional sport team to be
    located in the South.
  • 1969 won the Western Division of the National
    League
  • 1970s - 1980s worst team in the nation
    despite having ..

SS810
15
Hank Aaron
  • Who in 1974 set the record for the most home runs
    in front of a television audience of millions.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vOkjkgyhaNLE
SS810
16
(No Transcript)
17
Atlanta Braves Make a Come Back
  • They go on to win the world series in 1995!!!!

https//www.youtube.com/watch?v1_u4eGI0aCUfeatur
erelated
SS810
18
Other Georgia Teams
  • Atlanta Falcons
  • Established in 1966
  • Atlanta Thrashers
  • Established in 1999
  • Atlanta Hawks
  • Established in 1968

SS810
19
Economic Impact of Georgias Professional Sports
  • Even though some of the teams need some
    improvement, Georgias professional teams have
    brought in billions of dollars to revitalize
    Atlanta from the 1960s on. Atlanta is one of
    the most beautiful and newly built cities in the
    United States.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vtcqlQtmQutMfeatur
erelated
https//www.youtube.com/watch?vWEdn68C6GI4
https//www.youtube.com/watch?vo-UP76mPUYo
SS810
20
Ellis ArnallGovernor of Georgia
  • Arnall's rise to political power is one of the
    most remarkable chapters in the state's political
    history. In 1932 voters in his home county of
    Coweta elected him to the Georgia House of
    Representatives when he was only 25 old. Governor
    E. D. Rivers appointed Arnall to fill a vacancy
    in the office of state attorney general and, two
    years later, named him attorney general Arnall
    was 31 years old. This appointment made him the
    nation's youngest attorney general.
  • In 1942 Arnall ran against Governor Eugene
    Talmadge, who was seeking reelection. Talmadge's
    interference in the running of the state's
    university system, in what became known as the
    Cocking affair, had resulted in the loss of
    accreditation of most of the state's public
    colleges. On this issue, the thirty-five-year-old
    Arnall defeated Talmadge to become the youngest
    governor in the nation.

SS810
21
Ellis ArnallGovernor of Georgia
  • Accomplishments
  • Restored accreditation to Georgia's colleges.
  • Reformed the state penal system.
  • Repealed the poll tax.
  • Lowered the voting age.
  • Revised the state constitution.
  • Established a teachers' retirement system.
  • Paid off the long-existing state debt.
  • As a result of his reform programs, members of
    the national press found themselves in the
    unusual position of praising rather than
    condemning a governor of Georgia.
  • But.

SS810
22
Hes a Liberal And Talmadge is a Crazy!!
  • A federal district court held that the state's
    white primaries were unconstitutional. Arnall
    refused to follow the examples of other southern
    states, which tried to evade the court's mandate.
    His inaction allowed the Eugene Talmadge faction
    to denounce him as a traitor to the white race.
    Many white Georgians believed Arnall was too
    liberal on the race issue, and a politically
    revived Talmadge won the 1946 primary by
    promising to restore the state's white primary.
  • But.

SS810
23
Talmadge is a Dead and Politics is Crazy!!!!
  • The 3 Governor Episode (1946)
  • Talmadge dies within a month of winning office
  • Both Melvin Thompson (Lt. Governor) and Herman
    Talmadge (Crazy guys son) claim the position
  • Ellis Arnall refuses to leave office until the
    issue is resolved so.
  • THREE MEN CLAIM TO BE GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA
    CRAZY!!!!!!!

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vXHPZBXYHmyg
SS810
24
Finally.
  • Melvin Thompson (Lt. Governor) takes the office.
  • Then the General Assembly held a special election
    and voted Herman Talmadge into office.
  • Talmadge took office as governor in January 1947
    two months later the Georgia Supreme Court ruled
    that the legislature had acted in an
    unconstitutional manner. Talmadge immediately
    vacated the office and prepared to run for
    governor against Melvin Thompson in a special
    election held in 1948. He easily won this
    election and was subsequently reelected governor
    for a full four-year term in 1950.

SS810
25
Herman TalmadgeGeorgia Governor
  • Talmadge was generally progressive and he raised
    a lot of money for schools.
  • He was, however, a staunch segregationist and
    greatest opposed integrating schools.
  • But most politicians in the General Assembly at
    this time felt this way.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vw5tAe7r_iYo
SS810
26
Late 1940s 1950s Baby Boom
  • Men returning from war wanted to start families
    and A LOT of kids were born during this period.

SS810
http//www.gpb.org/georgiastories/stories/baby_boo
mers
27
SS810
28
SS810
29
The Cold War Begins
  • At the end of WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union
    were the two world powers.
  • The United States supported Democracy and the
    Soviet Union supported Communism.
  • Communist revolutions were happening in many
    countries and the U.S. feared that Communism
    would take over here in the states.
  • The United States formed alliances with other
    countries against Communism and adopted a policy
    called containment which tried to keep
    Communism from spreading in other countries.

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vg3wpV0OoHRkfeatur
erelated
SS810
30
Countries Where Communism was Spreading
  • North Korea (Communist supported by the
    U.S.S.R.) South Korea (Democratic supported
    by the U.S.A)
  • North Vietnam (Communist supported by the
    U.S.S.R.) South Vietnam (Democratic supported
    by the U.S.A)

SS810
31
So the Cold War between the United States
U.S.S.R. (just words and diplomacy) led to.
  • 1. Korean War (1950-1953)
  • 2. Vietnam War (1960-1975)
  • 3. A Nuclear Confrontation with Cuba
  • 4. The Arms Race

SS810
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