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Post WWII

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Post WWII Marshall plan and origins of the Cold war iRespond Question Master A.) Response A B.) Response B C.) Response C D.) Response D E.) Response E Percent ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post WWII


1
Post WWII
  • Marshall plan and origins of the Cold war

2
Standards
  • SSUSH20 The student will analyze the domestic and
    international impact of the Cold War on the
    United States.
  • a. Describe the creation of the Marshall Plan,
    U.S. commitment to Europe, the Truman Doctrine,
    and the origins and implications of the
    containment policy.
  • SSUSH21 The student will explain economic growth
    and its impact on the United States in 1945-1970
  • a. Describe the baby boom and the impact as shown
    by Levittown and the Interstate Highway Act.

3
Post war life on the homefront
  • The post war / depression years brings a baby
    boom to America.
  • Post-World War II baby boom - Wikipedia, the free
    encyclopedia
  • The return of the soldiers and baby boom
    transition the US into a new era. One of
    suburban living and is ushered in with the
    creation of Levittown, New York - Wikipedia, the
    free encyclopedia

4
Atlantic Charter
  • August 14, 1941
  • Decision about end of the war
  • There was to be disarmament of aggressor nations,
    and a post-war common disarmament

5
Yalta Conference - Feb. 4-11 1945
  • With victory imminent in the European theater in
    WWII, Russia, GB, and the US (Big Three) meet to
    discuss the fate of Europe.
  • Yalta Conference - Wikipedia, the free
    encyclopedia
  • Germany would be divided into 4 regions
  • Poland would be re-organized but not given up
    initially until they were stabilized.
  • Russia would assist in Japanese war up European
    victory.

6
POST WWII EUROPE
7
Formation of the UN
  • On April 25, 1945 the UN held its first
    official meeting in S.F.
  • 50 countries originally joined
  • 5 permanent veto seats.
  • All five have to agree to make international laws
  • If there are 49 agreements but 1 of the 5 vetoes,
    the law is struck down.
  • USA, China, Russia, GB, France

8
Creation of Israel
  • History of Israel - Wikipedia, the free
    encyclopedia
  • The nation of Israel is created in the middle
    east in 1948.

9
Potsdam Conference
  • Last meeting of Western powers and Russia. (July
    16 August 2nd 1945)
  • Agreed on how to govern Germany
  • Russia still would not relinquish Poland
  • The US begins to worry about the Russian
    intentions.
  • Poland had been liberated for appox. a ½ year at
    this point.

10
George Kennan
  • George F. Kennan - Wikipedia, the free
    encyclopedia The USA ambassador to Russia urges
    a new policy
  • Google Timeline of Kennan events regarding Russia

11
The Truman Doctrine and containment
  • Truman stated that the USA will assist any
    country trying to resist attempted subjugation.
  • Truman vows to engage in a policy of
    Containment stating that the USA will not
    sacrifice 1 inch of land to the communist
    agressors.
  • The US practices this policy through the end of
    the cold war.

12
THE IRON CURTAIN
  • What is the meaning of this cartoon?

13
IRON CURTAIN
  • Iron Curtain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • Winston Churchill Speech - Iron Curtain
  • Churchill speaks about the division in Europe.
  • Why was the Iron curtain so disheartening for all
    who took part in WWII?

14
Iron Curtain Map
15
The first signs of a problem
  • Greek civil war from 1946 1949
  • In the power vacuum left by the defeat of the
    axis, the former democratic government and a new
    communist party battle for power of the country.
  • Britain informs the USA that they do not have the
    resources to support Greece.
  • The USA exercises the Truman doctrine and
    containment for the 1st time by funding the
    democratic government.
  • Democracy wins, but it is costly..

16
Marshall Plan
  • July 12, 1947 the Marshall plan is decided upon.
    Russia rejects the Marshall plan deciding instead
    to engage in communism.
  • Marshall plan economic redevelopment plan for
    Europe.
  • Approx. 30 billion is infused to modernize and
    make the economies of Europe more efficient.
  • Marshall Plan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • IN response, the Russians engage in the Berlin
    Blockade

17
Berlin Airlift
  • By 1948 allies realize Stalin will not unify
    Germany
  • people fleeing to West Berlin (Stalin mad)
  • Stalin tries to get us to abandon Berlin

18
Airlift contd
  • Western powers and Stalin argue of W. Germany
    currency
  • Stalin refuses to let supplies in
  • for 15 months supplies flown in (June 24 1948
    May 12 1949)
  • https//www.trumanlibrary.org/teacher/berlin.htm

19
Berlin Airlift
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vfQ30Rgc5Prc
    Airlift video

20
(No Transcript)
21
Communist RED China
  • MAO ZEDONG and his communist revolutionaries take
    over country after Japanese withdrawal.
  • Mao Zedong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

22
Communist takeover of China
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vZQ-PbppXLic Mao
    Zedong defeats Chiang Kai Shek
  • Formation of Taiwan, AKA Chinese Taipei
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