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Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

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Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Introduction Pharaohs - ancient Egyptians rulers; they believed they were gods Old Kingdom - 2700 B.C.E 2200 B.C.E Strong central ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs


1
Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs
2
Introduction
  • Pharaohs - ancient Egyptians rulers they
    believed they were gods
  • Old Kingdom - 2700 B.C.E 2200 B.C.E
  • Strong central government during this time age
    of pyramids
  • Middle Kingdom - about 2000 B.C.E. 1800 B.C.E.
  • Period of Reunification
  • New Kingdom about 1600 B.C.E. 1100 B.C.E.
  • Egypts Golden Age increased trade during this
    time of peace and stability

3
Pyramids
  • Built as tombs for pharaohs
  • Pharaohs were believed to be gods
  • Egyptians also believed in life after death
  • The pyramids were built to honor the pharaohs
    forever
  • Great Pyramid at Giza is one of the greatest

4
Khufu
  • Ruled from 2551 to 2528 B.C.E
  • Khufu established the pharaoh as central
    authority
  • Had a large network of government officials
  • Declared himself a god
  • Built the Great Pyramid of Giza

5
Great Pyramid of Giza
  • A center of huge complex
  • More than 2 million stone blocks
  • Took 20 years to complete
  • No one is exactly sure how they built it

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8
The Sphinx by the Great Pyramid
  • Head of a man
  • Body of a lion

9
Senusret I
  • Ruled from 1971 to 1926 B.C.E.
  • Patron of the Arts
  • Craftspeople thrived under his rule
  • The Story of Sinuhe written during his rule
  • Greatest accomplishment was religious architecture

Senusret shown clutching ankh which is an
Egyptian symbol for eternal life
10
White Chapel
  • Chapel is a small temple at Karnak
  • Made of alabaster a hard white stone
  • Beautiful artwork decorated the chapels pillar
  • The white chapel was taken apart by another
    pharaoh but was later rebuilt by archeologists

11
Stone carvings of Senusret I
12
Menes
  • Ruled from 3100 to 2850 B.C.E
  • Founded the city of Crocodilopulus
  • Credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt
  • Unification is the joining of two parts into one

13
Unification of Egypt
  • Red Crown of Lower Egypt
  • White Crown of Upper Egypt

14
The Red and White Crownwere joined together to
symbolize the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
15
What the new crown looked like
16
Hatshepsut
  • Ruled from 1473 1458 B.C.E
  • Egypts first female pharaoh
  • Greatest accomplishment was gaining power
  • Sometimes wore male clothing and a fake beard
  • promoted trade with other countries
  • Biggest trade expedition was to Punt
  • Traded jewelry, bronze weapons, papyrus
  • Over 200 men made the journey

17
Other images of Hatshepsut
18
HatshepsutsTemple at Dayr al-Bahri
  • Built into a cliff above the Nile River
  • At the entrance were two tall thin monuments
    called obelisks
  • Entrance also had 200 sphinxes

19
Obelisk at temple
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Ramses II
  • Ruled from 1290 to 1224 B.C.E
  • Reigned more than 60 years as Ramses the Great
  • One of the most famous
  • Over 100 wives and children
  • Fearless soldier he was made a captain at 10
    years old

23
The Temple at Abu Simbal
24
Ramses depicted as a warrior
25
Stone figure of Ramses the Great
26
King Tutankhaman
  • Ruled from 1341 to 1323 B.C.E.
  • 9 years old when he became pharaoh
  • 19 years old when he died
  • Tomb was discovered in 1922 in the Valley of the
    Kings
  • It was the greatest discovery of all times

27
The treasures of King Tuts Tomb
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