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Daily Life in Ancient Egypt


Daily Life in Ancient Egypt The New Kingdom Powerful & Stable Ma at- combination of ideas: harmony with the universe, justice, order, & peace Must maintain ma at ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Daily Life in Ancient Egypt

Daily Life in Ancient Egypt
The New Kingdom
  • Powerful Stable
  • Maat- combination of ideas harmony with the
    universe, justice, order, peace
  • Must maintain maat for the world to remain safe
  • To maintain maat work hard, be a good person,
    live in harmony with one another
  • Pharaoh rule wisely well so order was

The Hittite Empire
  • Lived in Anatolia (present-day Turkey)
  • Well-fortified capital
  • Expanded empire to West South

The Hittites
  • Expansion was aided by their development of
    smelting iron
  • Swords other weapons
  • Chariots

Your assignment
Adorning the Body
  • Light simple clothing
  • Rich poor, men women work jewelry, dyed hair,
    wore wigs make-up

Burial Practices
  • Believed in the afterlife, preserved the body
  • Wealthy Egyptians were mummified.- removed all
    organs but the heart, covered it in salt, 40 days
    later washed, oiled wrapped body in fabric.
    Spread black gooey momia over the body
  • Poor Egyptians were wrapped in old clothing
    buried in the ground

Crafts Trade
  • Highly skilled- created furniture, jewelry,
  • Taught their craft at a young age, went to school
    at the pharaohs palace
  • Traded grain, gold, copper, linen, gemstones, and
    minerals for timber, iron, silver, tin, and lead

Domestic Life
  • Married within social class. Girls- 12, Boys-14
  • Upper class women oversaw the household, lower
    class women also cooked, cleaned, and helped in
    the field
  • Women had rights and were seen as equal to men in
    the eyes of the law
  • Children were allowed to play and be kids

Food Drink
  • Most Egyptians spent a lot of time farming to
    grown vegetables, wheat, and barley, which they
    made into bread beer. (Drank water wine, too)
  • Very different based on class.
  • Upper class Wide selection- meat and fowl (beef,
    pork, geese, ducks), vegetables (peas, beans,
    cucumbers, lettuce), cheese, cakes, fruit.
  • Lower class simple meals-bread, vegetables, fish

  • Houses made of mud brick
  • Upper class- large homes, 2 stories tall, many
    rooms including bathrooms
  • Lower class- simple houses, few small rooms,
    narrow high windows little furniture

  • Doctors used parts of plants and herbs, such as
    garlic, in their treatments
  • Doctors treated injuries wounds with bandages
    and stitches, but did not perform surgery
  • Relied on magicians to treat illness to help
    women during pregnancy child birth

Music Dance
  • Performed at public religious festivals,
    holidays, and feasts
  • Usually women, many were supported by the royal
    court and nobles
  • Variety of instruments- harp, lyre, flute, oboe,
    tambourine, drums

Religious Beliefs
  • Osiris- passed judgment on the souls of the dead
  • Anubis- helped prepare bodies of dead for
  • Priests and priestesses carried out rituals in
    temples to honor gods goddesses
  • Commoners made offerings to gods and goddesses in
    their homes

Social Classes
Pharaoh ---- Royal Family, Nobles, Gov.
Officials ----- Priests ----- Scribes ---- Artists
/Skilled Workers ---------- Laborers,
Farmers During flood season, famers would work
on the pharaohs building projects
  • Army of full-time soldiers stationed throughout
    the empire to protect Egypt
  • In peacetime, soldiers dug canals or built
    pharaohs tombs
  • Mercenaries (soldiers from other lands who were
    paid to fight for Egypt) were sometimes part of
    the army
  • Variety of weapons javelins, swords, shields,
    padded caps, chariots

Writing Education
  • Scribes administered laws, collected taxes,
    recorded the grain food supply, kept the
    census, measured the rise of the Nile kept
    military records
  • Boys attended school for 12 years, often sunrise
    to sunset with strict teachers
  • Learned hieroglyphics and hieratic writing
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