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Influence on Democracy

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Influence on Democracy Government What does government mean? A system for controlling the society 2000 BC Greeks established cities Each had a government Government ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Influence on Democracy


1
Influence on Democracy
2
Government
  • What does government mean?
  • A system for controlling the society
  • 2000 BC Greeks established cities
  • Each had a government
  • Government was created to keep order and peace
  • Without

3
Types of Government
  • Monarchy- a single king or monarch ruled the
    government ex. King/ Emporer
  • Think of when your brother or sister gets to be
    in charge for the first time
  • Aristocracy- ruled by a small group of noble,
    land-owning families ex.Rich/Born into

4
  • Oligarchy- a government ruled by a few powerful
    people ex.Like a monarchy w/ more people
  • Democracy- means rule of the people ex. In the
    US we elect President, Congress and Senate to
    represent us
  • Demospeople, kratospower

5
  • Imagine
  • I want our class to be a democracy! We will vote
    on the format of the quiz multiple choice, fill
    in the blank or true or false
  • What if I said only 3 people were eligible to
    vote?

6
Early Greek Democracy
  • All free adult males were citizens
  • People were enslaved to pay debts
  • Slaves were not considered citizens
  • Any citizen could bring charges against
    wrongdoers
  • Not just nobles had the right to bring charges

7
Greece
  • Early democracy
  • Only citizens could participate in government
  • About 10 were citizens
  • Women, slaves and foreign residents were not
    allowed to participate in government
  • Is this a real democracy?

8
Direct Democracy
  • Citizens making laws rather than representatives
  • Our constitution is called a democracy because
    power is in the hands not of a minority but of
    the whole people
  • Also developed 3 branches of government
  • We still have this in America

9
Romes Republic
  • Greece was in decline while the Romans were
    becoming powerful in Europe
  • Republic- people elect representatives
  • Only free-born males could vote
  • Patricians v Plebians AKA Rich vs. Poor

10
Law develops
  • The rich twisted oral laws to benefit themselves
  • Not written somewhere so that everyone can know
    them
  • Led to creation of the Twelve Tables
  • Laws carved on 12 tablets for public display
  • Laws are now clear and cant be twisted for
    benefit
  • This was forced by the Plebians (poor)

11
Important Roman Laws
  • All citizens had the right to equal treatment
    under the law
  • Innocent until proven guilty
  • Burden of proof rested with the accuser
  • Any unreasonable or unfair law could be set aside

12
Romes impact
  • Idea of the republic
  • Elected representatives
  • Written legal code
  • They took and added to the Greeks ideas of
    Democracy
  • Citizen of the State, not the subject of the ruler

13
Religious Influences
  • Judaism, Christianity and Islam all influenced
    democracy
  • Worth of individuals
  • Being responsible
  • Questioning authority

14
Judaism
  • Many other religions were polytheist, while the
    Hebrews were monotheist
  • Believed it was Gods wish for people to live a
    moral life
  • Code of laws AKA Ten Commandments
  • Morality/ethics
  • What are some of the Ten Commandments?

15
  • He has told you, O mortal, what is good and
    what does the lord require of you but to do
    justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly
    with your God?
  • Micah 68

16
  • The prophets taught that each person has a
    responsibility to oppose injustice and oppression

17
Christianity
  • Jesus was born about 6-4 BC
  • Jew and a Roman subject
  • Many of his ideas came from the Jewish tradition
  • Gods personal relationship w/ each human being
  • Romans saw him as a threat
  • King of the Jews
  • Too many people following him
  • Death by crucifixion

18
Spread of Christianity
  • As Jews were exiled from Rome, they took their
    ideas with them
  • Stressed equality of all human beings

19
Islam
  • Another monotheistic religion based on equality
  • Based on the teaching of the prophet Muhammad
  • Requires that Muslims offer charity help to those
    in need

20
What did these monotheistic religions give us?
  • Fight oppression- bad conditions or mistreatment
  • Worth of the individual
  • Equality of people before God

21
Discuss
  • Pair-share What happens if you are accused of a
    crime and charged? What happens in court?
  • Imagine having to fight to the death for your
    freedom

22
Democracy Develops in England
  • William the Duke of Normandy defeated the
    Anglo-Saxons
  • William claimed the throne
  • This led to the end of feudalism
  • Centralized govt in England
  • Democracy begins to develop

23
Trial by Jury
  • Royal Judge in charge of the courts
  • 12 men, often neighbors of the accused answered
    questions about the case
  • Known as the Jury
  • People liked this better because it was more fair

24
  • Who makes the laws at home? School?
  • Do you feel they are fair?
  • What if we get a new Principal and all the rules
    change?

25
Laws
  • Common Law
  • A set of rules established over time
  • Not the will of one lawmaker or King
  • Magna Carta (Great Charter)
  • Angry that the King tried to raise taxes to pay
    for a bad war
  • Contract between the King and nobles
  • Individual rights and liberties
  • LIMITED the POWER of the King

26
The Magna Carta
  • The King now needs parliaments approval to tax
  • Power of the purse
  • Right to a jury trial
  • You dont just get thrown in jail because someone
    said you broke the law, they had to prove it
  • Due process of law
  • The law working in predictable ways

27
Parliament over the King
  • King James ignoring common law courts using the
    Star Chamber
  • Special royal court, rules dont apply
  • Bypassing due process
  • Queen Elizabeth left lots of debt and James
    wanted more for courts and wars

28
Charles takes over
  • Dad dies, Charles becomes King
  • Still needs
  • Parliament gave him the , but made him sign
    Petition of Right, which ended
  • Cant tax w/o parliaments consent
  • Illegally imprisoning citizens
  • Housing troops in peoples homes
  • Charles signs

29
  • Charles ignores the Petition and dismisses
    Parliament
  • Royalists (for monarchy)
  • Antiroyalists (King is a tyrant)
  • 7 years of fighting
  • Charles called tyrant, murderer and public
    enemy
  • Charles executed

30
English Bill of Rights
  • The rights that limit the power of the King
  • Cant just change the laws as they feel
  • Cant suspend laws
  • Cant tax without approval from parliament
  • Cant raise an army unless theres a war
  • No more cruel and unusual punishment
  • No more excessive bail

31
Summary of Englands influence
  • Magna Carta
  • Bill of Rights
  • Rule of law
  • Limited the influence of the King

32
  • Framers- those responsible for creating the
    Constitution
  • Representative government-Citizens elect
    representatives to make laws for them
  • Similar to Romes Republic
  • Federalism-governments powers divided between
    central government and state and local government

33
Democracy in the US
  • 1787 American leaders meet in Philadelphia to
    work out a better plan for government
  • Created the US Constitution
  • Wanted it to be strong, but not a tyranny
  • US Constitution is a model for other democracies

34
  • Separation of powers
  • Executive, legislative and judicial
  • Keeps one branch from having too much power

35
US builds a constitution
  • Wanted to create a strong, stable government, but
    without abusing the people
  • Set up a representative government
  • Citizens elect people to represent them
  • Congress/Senate
  • Federal system
  • Power split between governments, one person
    doesnt hold all the power
  • No Monarchs
  • Separation of powers

36
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37
Hobbes vs. Locke
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • People are selfish by nature
  • Need a Monarch to control selfishness
  • Social Contract- submitting to a ruler to keep
    the peace
  • Having one person in charge is not total freedom,
    but it is better than being out in nature with no
    protection at all

38
John Locke
  • If the government is violating or failing to
    protect your rights, you have the right to
    overthrow it
  • The government must at least protect the natural
    rights of the people
  • Power comes from the people, not God
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