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Foundations of Democracy

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Foundations of Democracy What is Democracy? Rule by the people Demos = many Examples are the USA & Canada A democracy is different from a monarchy or autocracy (rule ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Foundations of Democracy


1
Foundations of Democracy

2
What is Democracy?
  • Rule by the people
  • Demos many
  • Examples are the USA Canada
  • A democracy is different from a monarchy or
    autocracy (rule by one king or queen)

3
Ancient GreeceThe First to Develop a Democracy
  • The Greeks created Democracy
  • Greek democratic ideas are still used today
  • ? Voting rights
  • ? Juries
  • ? Fair code of laws
  • ? Ending of slavery

4
The Greek Philosophers
  • Philosopher lovers of wisdom
  • Inspired the spread of democracy
  • Great thinkers like Aristotle, Socrates and Plato
    emerged at this time.
  • They were focused on understanding the universe,
    human society and morality.

5
Ancient Rome
  • As the Greek civilization was declining, the
    Romans were becoming more powerful.
  • The Romans created a type of democracy known as a
    Republic
  • Republic representative democracy like the US
    we vote for people who do the government work for
    us!

6
More Roman Contributions to Democracy
  • Justice for all people and property
  • All citizens were equal under the law
  • Innocent until proven guilty
  • Written laws
  • Can you name one country that follows these
    traditions today?
  • Answer USA!

7
How did Religion Influence the Development of
Democracy?
  • Christianity Judaism
  • Humans were created in Gods image.
  • Humans have freedom of choice
  • Written law (10 commandments)
  • Fight injustice
  • All people are created equal (a central belief to
    democracy)
  • The Greeks Romans believed you had rights
    because of your ability to reason, not God.

8
Renaissance
  • A cultural movement in that began in the 14th
    century
  • Ren. artists included da Vinci and Michaelangelo
  • Renaissance means rebirth artists and writers
    were rebirthing ideas from ancient Greece and
    Rome
  • The Renaissance focused on the importance of the
    individual
  • This idea would influence future democracy-based
    revolutions like the American Rev. and French
    Rev.

9
Reformation
  • The Catholic Church was full of corruption and
    needed reform
  • Example Priests were doing things they
    shouldnt, like having kids
  • Martin Luther, a German monk, was fed up with the
    church and wrote down his complaints in 1517
  • Called the 95 Theses
  • Foundation for the Protestant Church because
    Luther protested against the Catholic Church
  • Protestantism added to the growth of democracy by
    challenging the authority of the Pope and
    stressing the importance of the individual.
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