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Principles of Democracy

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Title: Principles of Democracy


1
Principles of Democracy
  • Unit 1, Ch1 Intro

2
Supreme Law of the Land
  • In the United States, the US Constitution is the
    Supreme Law.
  • No law and no person can override the
    Constitution.

3
The Principles of Democracy
  • are the basic rules that the people of the
    United States live by.
  • Are 7 basic principles or rules for all of us to
    follow in order to peacefully live together as
    one nation.

4
Principles of Democracy
  • POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
  • Limited Government
  • FEDERALISM
  • Republicanism
  • SEPARATION OF POWERS
  • Checks and Balances
  • INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

5
Click on the Principles below to continue
Popular Sovereignty
Limited Government
Federalism
Separation of Powers
Republicanism
Individual Rights
Checks and Balances
Finished ALL of the above? Then click here for
review
6
Popular Sovereignty
  • Political power rests with the people who can
    create, alter and abolish their government.
  • In our country, this principle is found in the
    Constitutions __________

7
Preamble
  • We the People of the United States, in order to
    form a more perfect union, . do ordain and
    establish this Constitution for the United States
    of America.

8
We, the People can
  • Amend the Constitution to keep up with todays
    generation
  • Elect our representatives to go to Congress to
    express our wishes
  • Petition the government to do something we want
  • And lots more!!

9
Remember
  • Popular Sovereignty means We, the People control
    our government!

Return to Principles
10
Limited Government
  • Does this mean we can tell our government what to
    do or what not to do?

11
YES!!!
  • In the Constitution, the people established the
    government to serve us. We were tired of the
    abusive King and fought for independence. We did
    not want to be abused by another king or
    government so we .

12
MADE RULES FOR GOVERNMENT!
13
Powers granted
  • Government can only do certain things like
  • Pass new laws or taxes if a majority of our
    representatives in Congress agrees
  • Coin money
  • Make treaties with foreign nations
  • Raise an army and navy
  • Regulate trade between the states interstate
    commerce
  • And more.

14
Powers denied
  • Government can NOT do certain things
  • Why is First Lady Michelle Obama not called a
    Queen?
  • We have no titles of nobility in the United
    States
  • Can Congress pass a law today that says what we
    did yesterday was wrong?

15
NO WAY!
  • These types of laws are called ex post facto
    laws. The Constitution prohibits Congress and
    state governments from passing such unfair laws.
  • Can a state declare war on another country?

16
NO.
  • The Constitution only gives the national
    government the power to declare war.
  • Think of the mess we would be in if 50 different
    states could declare war!

17
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18
Limited Government
  • Congress and the state governments are restricted
    by what the Constitution says.
  • -- Think of the Constitution as the governments
    parents!

Click to return to Principles
19
Federalism
  • Is the distribution of power between the national
    government, the states governments and local
    governments.
  • Refers to the different levels within our
    government.

20
Federalism
  • Compare to a building with 3 floors

National
State
Local
21
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22
Federalism, contd.
  • Each level of government has its own
    responsibilities.
  • Sometimes, these responsibilities are shared or
    overlap known as concurrent powers . For
    example, taxes national income tax, state
    sales tax, local property tax

23
  • Sometimes, these responsibilities belong to just
    one level. For example,
  • National can declare war,
  • States can determine drivers license
    requirements or high school
    diploma requirements

24
Federalism
  • Levels of government --- 3 layers
  • Remember
  • you are a resident of Alachua County,
  • a resident of the State of Florida, and
  • a citizen of the United States

25
Federalism
  • National,
  • state and
  • local
  • governments working under one Constitution

Click here to return to Principles ?
26
Republicanism
  • A form of government where the people vote for
    representatives to make laws and run the
    government on their behalf to take care of the
    people

27
Republicanisms tie to Popular Sovereignty?
  • The People control the government by voting for
    elected representatives ?
  • the representatives meet with other
    representatives to make laws for the public good
    ?
  • if the representatives
    abuse the people, the people take back their
    consent and vote them out of office ?
  • then the people vote for elected
    representatives .
  • THE CYCLE PERPETUATES ITSELF!

28
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29
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30
Separation of Powers
  • Each branch of government is given an equal, but
    different, set of powers
  • The US Constitution is divided into different
    Articles (like chapters in your book)

31
Each of the first 3 articles deals with a
different branch of government
  • Article I ? Legislature (Congress)
  • Article II ? Executive (President)
  • Article III ? Judiciary (Supreme Court and other
    courts)

32
Responsibilities
  • Each branch has a different responsibility in our
    government ---
  • Legislative branch -- makes our laws
  • Executive branch enforces our laws
  • Judicial branch interprets our laws

33
This diagram illustrates the separation of powers
34
Separation of Powers
  • Think each branch of government not only has
    different powers but also different buildings!
  • Capitol Legislative
  • White House Executive
  • Supreme Court building Judiciary

35
  • Theres no way you can walk into all 3 buildings
    at the same time!

Return to Principles ?
36
Checks and Balances
  • The ability of each branch of government to
    oversee the other branches, to prevent abuse and
    to keep everything in balance or
  • No branch is superior over the other two.

37
  • Example Congress passes a law the President
    thinks is wrong. The President checks Congress by

38
  • Using the VETO to refuse to sign and make into
    law.

39
  • Congress thinks the President is wrong.
    Congress checks the President by

40
Re-passing the law with a 2/3 vote or override.
  • The Supreme Court thinks Congress or the
    President is wrong. The Court can

41
  • Declare the law or action unconstitutional
  • by using judicial review to compare the law or
    action to what the Constitution says.

Return to TAKS question 2
42
Checks and Balances
  • Keeps our system even

? Return to Principles
43
(No Transcript)
44
Surprise! Essay Prompt (14pts)
  • Identify and describe what you believe the
    purpose of government should be and why that
    purpose is most significant.
  • Explain six (6) means by which that purpose ought
    to be fulfilled through the application of laws,
    social programs or economic incentives.

45
Individual Rights
  • Each person in the United States has rights
  • The Declaration of
    Independence spoke of
  • these as being
  • unalienable or
  • not separate from you

46
By limiting government and separating powers the
Constitution provides .
Protection
  • For your Rights!

47
More protection is provided by the ah, let me
think, the
48
Bill of Rights!
  • The First 10 amendments to the Constitution
  • Prohibits Congress or the national government
    from taking away your basic rights

49
  • Can you list some examples of your rights found
    in the Bill of Rights?

50
1st Amendment
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Freedom of the Press
  • Freedom of Assembly
  • Freedom to Petition
  • Free Exercise of Religion
  • No Government Established Religion

51
  • 4th Amendment no unreasonable search without a
    warrant
  • 5th Amendment right to not incriminate yourself
  • 6th Amendment right to attorney

52
Wow! What a list?!
  • Are these the only rights you have?

or
53
No!
  • In case they forgot to list some rights, the 9th
    and 10th Amendments cover all other rights not
    listed in Amendments 1-8. Example right to
    privacy

54
Are your rights absolute?
Can you exercise your rights at any time?
55
Sorry, the answer is no.
  • Your rights are limited by the rights of the
    person standing next to you.

56
  • Think of your rights as a bubble that walks
    around with you. When you go down the hall, your
    rights bump into someone elses rights!

Return to Principles
57
Lets review
  • Principles of Democracy are
  • the rules our society used to form our government
  • the rules we still use today to guide us

58
Principles of Democracy include
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Limited Government
  • Individual rights
  • Federalism
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks and Balances
  • Republicanism

59
TAKS Practice
No freeman shall be arrested or imprisoned or
dispossessed or in any way harmed except by
the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of
the land. --- Magna Carta, 1215
  • Which aspect of the US government did this
    document most clearly influence?
  • A. Separation of powers
  • B. Guarantee of individual rights
  • C. Duties of the president
  • D. System of checks and balances

60
Sorry, A is incorrect
  • The phrase except by the lawful judgment of his
    peers refers to trial by jury while or by the
    law of the land refers to due process.
    Separation of powers refers to the different
    duties of governments branches.

Try again
61
Sorry, C is incorrect
  • Look again at the words imprisoned and
    judgment of his peers. These words refer to
    being sent to prison after a jury finds one
    guilty. The President cannot try a person.

Try again
62
Sorry, D is incorrect.
  • A system of checks and balances involves one
    person doing something and the other person
    seeing if it is right. When a teacher corrects
    your paper, he checks it for you. Here, the Magna
    Carta is talking about not sending someone to
    prison without a trial.

Try again
63
You got it!
  • B is correct. The excerpt is talking about the
    right to trial by jury and the right to due
    process. Both of these individual rights are
    guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.

64
TAKS again
Its a Go!! Supreme Court Reviews Bushs
Affirmative Action Plan
  • 2. What principle does the headline illustrate?
  • A. republicanism
  • B. individual rights
  • C. limited government
  • D. checks and balances

65
A is not the right answer.
  • Republicanism involves elected representatives
    acting in place of the voters at home. The
    Supreme Court is not elected and does not
    directly represent the people.

Try again.
66
Sorry, B is not the right answer.
  • Although affirmative action is a civil right, it
    is not the answer because affirmative action is
    not the subject of the sentence its the
    object.

Try again
67
Sorry. C is not the correct answer.
  • This is a close one. The federal and state
    governments are limited in their powers but here
    the action verb is reviews. Define judicial
    review. Then look at what the Supreme
    Court is doing.

Try again
68
Terrific! D is the answer!!
  • The judicial branch is checking the governments
    action a plan for affirmative action to see if
    it follows the Constitution. The Court said this
    plan followed the Constitution and did not have
    to be changed.

69
TAKS practice
  • 3. When the federal courts required all public
    schools in all states to desegregate, Pres.
    Eisenhower sent troops to protect the Little
    Rock Nine and to implement the Brown decision.
    This action was an example of
  • A. federalism.
  • B. nullification.
  • C. reverse discrimination.
  • D. republicanism.

70
B is not the right answer.
  • Nullification means to declare a national law
    void and invalid to make useless. Although Gov.
    Faubus did try to nullify the courts orders, the
    action in the question concerns Pres. Eisenhower
    and his troops. What did Pres. Eisenhower think
    was ranked higher federal or state law?

Try again
71
Sorry. C is not the right answer.
  • Reverse discrimination means favoring minorities
    over whites. This question does not concern this
    issue.

Try again
72
Missed D is not the correct answer.
  • Republicanism involves elected representatives
    acting for the people. Congress is not involved
    in this question. Thats okay try again!

73
Super! You really know your government!
  • A is the correct answer. During integration the
    federal and state governments had to work
    together to advance civil rights. In the 1950s
    the federal government led the way for the states
    and kept the US Constitution supreme over state
    laws.

74
Youve done a great job!
  • Complete your worksheet including the diagrams
    on the back. If you have any blanks or wish to
    review again, you may.

75
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