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Greece: Roots of Democracy

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PERICLES Ruled Athens during the Golden Age of Greece. Strengthened democracy Direct Democracy begins citizens directly involved in government GRE-EQUALITY??? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greece: Roots of Democracy


1
Greece Roots of Democracy
2
Greece then and now
  • What do you know?
  • Where is it?
  • Capital?
  • Climate/Geography?
  • Importance/Influence

3
More than movies and debt-
4
GREEK DEBT---
5
(No Transcript)
6
Key Geographic Features
7
Polis City/State- ATHENS
Acropolis of Athens, Greece City on a
hill- Parthenon- for one of their many gods
8
Famous Greek Neighbors?
9
SPARTA!!
10
Greek Influences
  • System of Government

11
Democracy is . .
  • A system of government in which the people hold
    ruling power, vote for their leaders, and have
    specific rights and responsibilities

12
As opposed to
  • Monarchy is rule by a king or monarch
  • GREECE at times
  • Aristocracy is rule by small group of noble,
    land-owning families
  • Oligarchy is rule by a few powerful people
    (nobles, merchants) SPARTA
  • Republic government by elected leaders
  • ROME

13
The ancient Greeks
  • In Athens, citizens voting for their leaders
    became common
  • Civic virtue became important to many
    philosophers.
  • What is civic virtue?

14
PERICLES
  • Ruled Athens during the Golden Age of Greece.
  • Strengthened democracy
  • Direct Democracy begins citizens directly
    involved in government

15
GRE-EQUALITY???
  • While individual rights greatly increased it was
    still a small percentage of the population.
  • Only land-owning males could participate in
    voting and government (10 of population)

16
Other influences?
  • Greek Philosophers/REASON
  • 1st Olympics
  • Invented dice
  • Architecture- columns

17
HOMER???
THIS GUY?
18
HOMER
  • Poet and writer
  • The Odyssey
  • The Iliad
  • Recorded ancient mythological stories Odysseus,
    Trojan War

19
Flamethrower!!!!!
20
Look familiar?
21
Famous U.S Buildings- Why?
22
Alexander the Great How do you get that
nickname?
  • Alexander spread Greek technology and ideas
    throughout his empire

23
Alexander conquered the Persian empire and
controlled one of the largest empire the world
has ever seen.
24
Alexander the Great Video
25
The ancient Romans
  • Developed the rule of law common to all
    citizens throughout the empire
  • Developed advanced forms of representative
    government, before evolving in to a dictatorship.

26
The Bible
  • Hebrew prophets developed the idea of all people
    being equal, created in the image of God.
  • The idea caring for the weaker members of society.

27
The Magna Carta
  • British Document
  • King John forced to recognize his power was
    limited by the Barons
  • First step toward limited government

28
English Bill of Rights
  • Made Parliament stronger than King or Queen
  • Protected rights to trial by jury
  • Outlawed cruel and unusual punishment

Individual Rights
29
Mayflower Compact
  • Pilgrims signed it
  • Agreed to follow all laws made by elected leaders
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