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World History The Black Death spreads in Italy The Black Death spreads in France How was the bubonic plague used as a war tactic? Warriors loaded bodies of dead in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History

The Black Death
  • World History

The Black Death
Why is the Black Death Important?
  • Killed over 1/3 of Europes population
  • (Between 20 to 25 million people!)
  • Greatly impacted the economic, social, cultural,
    religious, and political make up of Europe

Curriculum Outcome Describe the Black Death
  • Unit Objectives The student will be able to
  • Apply a modified version of the historical method
    of inquiry to examine and analyze a primary
    source painting from the Black Death time period
  • Examine a primary source reading to identify the
    symptoms and reactions of people to the Black
  • Participate in a lecture/discussion/note taking
    activity about the causes, transmission,
    reactions, and economic impacts of the Black
  • Read and extract important information about the
    impact of the Black Death on the economy and
    society of Europe in a homework assignment

Unit objectives continued
  • Examine the geographic theme of diffusion by
    studying the path followed by the plague
  • View and understand a PBS video explaining the
    historical scientific research that was used to
    identify a genetic mutation that protected people
    from the Black Death and compare/contrast it to
    other disease
  • Read a scientific article about the spread of the
    Black Death and AIDS
  • Complete a graphic organizer to compare/contrast
    the Black Death AIDS
  • Describe the Black Death on a Quiz

Addressed Standards
  • Social Studies Standards
  • History 1---Chronology historical phenomena
  • History 2Research/examination of primary sources
  • History 4---ContentTransition from Middle Ages
    to RenaissanceBlack Death
  • Geography 1---Movement (Diffusion)
  • Economics---Impact on Economy

Addressed Standards
  • Science Standards 1, 6, 7
  • English 1
  • Health Professions Integration

What were thepolitical,economic,and social
effectsof the Black Death??
Homework After the Religions Test
  • The Black Death Reading Studyguide
  • Read and highlight important facts on pages 2,3,
    5 of the handout. Then complete the following
  • Read complete the map activity on page 4.

Day 1 Plan
  • Turn in Homework (Reading Questions)
  • Warm-up Primary Painting on the Black Death
  • Think/Pair/Share Avoid it like the Plague
  • Background of The Black Death
  • Primary Source Reading Notes on Black Death
  • Graphic Organizer notes Visuals on Black Death
  • HW Black Death quote writing assignment

  • Examine the primary source painting and answer
    the questions.

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The Triumph of DeathPieter Brueghel (1530-1569)
  • What do you see?
  • Describe the landscape.
  • What kinds of activities are the people doing?
  • What seems realistic?/Unrealistic?
  • How do you feel looking at this painting?
  • What is implied in the painting?
  • What kind of story is the artist trying to tell?

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Medieval Art the Plague
Bring out your dead!
The Danse Macabre
  • Inspired by Black Death, Danse Macabre is an
    allegory on the universality of death and a
    common painting motive in late-medieval periods.
  • From the Dance of Death by Hans Holbein the
    Younger (1491).


  • Painted in 1485 by Hieronymous Bosch, Death and
    the Miser is an allegorical work of art that
    reflects the impact of religion and disease on
    European society during the Middle Ages. The
    painting focuses on an old miser dying in his bed
    and staring at a shrouded skeleton walking
    through the door. The same miser is depicted
    again at the bottom of the painting as a younger
    and healthier man placing coins into a lockbox.

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  • The doctor's robe. The nose of the sinister
    costume was supposed to act as a filter, being
    filled with materials imbued with perfumes and
    alleged disinfectants. The lenses were supposed
    to protect the eyes from the miasmas.Illustration
    from Historiarum anatomicarum medicarum (1661),
    by Thomas Bartholin.

  • Avoid it like the Plague
  • Explain the above expression/quote using
  • a Think/Pair/Share.

Timeline of Black Death
  • Middle Ages (770 - 1350)771 - 814Reign of Kind
    Charlemagne900Arab Physician Rhases identifies
    plague, smallpox, and rabies as infectious.1096
    - 1219Crusades1347 - 1350Black Death
  • Renaissance (1350 - 1600)
  • 1450Gutenberg invents printing
    press1492Columbus discovers America1503Leona
    rdo Da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa1528Severe
    outbreaks of plague in England1563General
    outbreaks of plague in Europe
  • After the Renaissance

Have you ever sang this nursery rhyme?
  • A chilling rhyme would evolve from the symptoms
    of the dying and sentiments of the living
    "Ring around the rosie, A pocketful of posie,
    Ashes, Ashes, All fall down."

How does it relate to the black Death?
  • The symptoms of the disease included a rosy red
    rash in the shape of a ring on the skin (Ring
    around the rosy).
  • Pockets and pouches were filled with sweet
    smelling herbs ( or posies) which were carried
    due to the belief that the disease was
    transmitted by bad smells.
  • The term "Ashes Ashes" refers to the cremation of
    the dead bodies! The death rate was over 60 and
    the plague was only halted by the Great Fire of
    London in 1666 which killed the rats which
    carried the disease which was transmitting via
    water sources.

The English version of it
  • Ring a ring of roses,
  • A pocket full of posies,
  • Atishoo, atishoo,
  • We all fall down.
  • The English version of "Ring around the rosy"
    replaces Ashes with (Atishoo, Atishoo) as violent
    sneezing was another symptom of the disease and
    was closely followed by 'falling down' or sudden

Lets examine this Primary Source
  • With a partner read the account of the Black
    Death written by Michael Platiensis in 1357.
  • Find out the symptoms of the Black Death and how
    it affected people
  • Then complete the chart

Symptoms of the Plague
  • Infection spread to everyone who had intercourse
    (came into contact) with the diseased
  • Pain throughout whole body
  • Boils on thighs and upper arms
  • Vomiting of blood
  • Infection spread to people who touched or used
    the things of the diseased

The Symptoms
Septicemia Formalmost 100 mortality rate.
Reactions to the Plague
  • Men hated others because of disease
  • Father would not tend a son with disease
  • People confessed sins and drew up last will
  • Ecclesiastics, lawyers, attorneys refused to
    enter the homes of the diseased
  • Relatives of dead would not enter homes of the
  • Servants were paid high wages to bury the dead

More Reactions
  • Servant shortage because they died from the
  • Groups of people (Messinians) emigrated or moved
    to try to escape plague
  • Many people hoped the Saints would deliver them
    from the diseasewanted relics bones of Saints
    brought to their towns

More Reactions
  • People made pilgrimages hoping God would help
  • Buried bodies outside of town walls
  • People in Catania would not help the people
    trying to escape the disease
  • All ecclesiastics given the priestly powers of
    absolution of sins

Attempts to Stop the Plague
A Doctors Robe
Attempts to Stop the Plague
Flagellanti Self-inflicted penance for our
Attempts to Stop the Plague
Pograms against the Jews
Golden Circle obligatory badge
Jew hat
Graphic Organizer of the Black Death
Day 1 Homework
  • Examine a primary source quote
  • Boccaccio said that the victims, "ate lunch with
    their friend and dinner with their ancestors in
  • What did he mean in this quote?
  • Your answer should be at least five sentences.

3,2,1 Exit Slip
  • 3 things you found out
  • 2 interesting things
  • 1 question you still have
  • Complete paper and hand in as you leave class

Day 2 Plan
  • Warm-up Respond to the statistic
  • Think/Pair/Share
  • Video The Mystery of the Black Death
    studyguide questions
  • Article Black Death and AIDS
  • HW Venn Diagram on the Black Death AIDS

Respond to this statistic
  • Every 25 seconds another person in Africa gets
    infected with HIV
  • Write down your thoughtsWhat are some
    similarities between the Black Death AIDS?

  • View the PBS special
  • Answer the questions
  • Discuss as a class

  • List 4 ways in which people tried to
    prevent/control the Plague.
  • Quarantined Towns
  • Quarantined Houses once a family got sick
  • Doctors wore masks

  • What is the great mystery concerning the Plague?
  • What gave some people the power to survive this
    deadly plague

  • Why was the town of Eyam, England chosen to solve
    this mystery?
  • Town was quarantined but ½ of the people
    survived some who had the plague even survived
  • Genes (DNA) of those peoples descendants can be

  • How is the plague like/not like Anthrax?
  • Animal anthrax shared symptoms with the plague
  • Differs in that it was transmitted through the
    air, kills in 48 hours

  • Explain the importance of the following people in
    solving the mystery of the Plague.
  • Elizabeth Hancockall six members of her family
    died she nursed them but survived
  • Steve Crohn---partner of a homosexual who died
    of AIDS high risk behavior that did not lead to
  • Margaret Blackwell---she had the plague but

  • What is Delta 32? How does it stop the spread of
    the Plague and Aids?
  • Delta 32 is a genetic mutation that could block
    the plague from entering the blood cells created
  • Genetic mistake that gave some people protection
    from the plague
  • Delta 32 ---genetic resistance to AIDS

Day 2 Homework
  • Use information from the video The Mystery of
    the Black Death studyguide questions and the
    article Black Death and AIDS to
  • Complete the Venn Diagram or the
    compare/contrast chart on the Black Death AIDS

Exit Slip Day 2
  • 1.What is significant about the Delta 32
  • 2.What role did primary resource research play in
    the Delta 32 discovery?

Day 3 Plan
  • Warm-up Examine Primary Source Quote of Poet
    John Donne.
  • Review of Black Death Reading Studyguide
  • Impact of Black Death Think/Pair/Share
  • Review of Venn
  • Homework Study for Black Death Test

  • Never send to know for whom the bell tolls it
    tolls for thee."
  • Poet John Donne wrote these lines in his
    "Meditation XVII" as the feared Black Death
    ravaged his native London in 1624.
  • What did he mean by this quote?

Lets discuss the study guide answers
What were some of the symptoms of the Black
  • Black, egg-sized lumps, oozing blood pus,
    formed in the armpits groins
  • Boils blacked spots dotted bodies Foul
    smellwounds, blood, sweat, breath
  • Black skin tongue some coughed up blackened
    blood intense pain quick death

Illustration of the Black Death from the
Toggenburg Bible (1411).
Why did the city officials try to keep the trade
ships out of Messina?
  • To keep the disease from spreading to their city

What happened when people fled towns and cities
infected with the Black Death?
  • They spread the illness further faster.

What caused the Black Death or bubonic
  • It was caused by bacteria, which developed in the
    blood of a certain flea. The fleas spread the
    disease to rats. The fleas bit the rats by
    inserting a pricker into the rat to feast on its
    blood. With the inflected fleas stomach blocked,
    it would regurgitate the rats blood along with
    the plague bacteria.

The Culprits
How was the bubonic plague spread to humans?
  • A bite from an infected rat or flea could then
    pass the infection to a human. Farm animals, such
    as sheep and hogs also contacted the disease and
    spread it to their masters.

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Where did the bubonic plague start? How did it
spread to Europe?
  • It probably began in China, and then spread to
    central Asia, then to India and Persia. Then to
    Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor (Turkey). Trade
    ships and land caravans from the East spread the
    disease to Europe. Also central Asians warriors
    may have also brought the disease to Europe when
    they invaded in 1346.

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  • The Black Death spreads in Italy

The Black Death spreads in France
How was the bubonic plague used as a war tactic?
  • Warriors loaded bodies of dead in catapults and
    flung them over the walls into the city of their

How did people try to escape the Black Death?
  • They fled the infected cities and towns. People
    stayed to themselves, refusing to come into
    contact with outsiders, even their own servants.
    Family members abandoned one another.

How did the Black Death nearly drive some people
  • Many danced wildly in graveyards hoping to drive
    away the evil spirits that brought the disease to
    their town. Also hoped to keep dead from arising
    to spread the disease. Many danced themselves
    into exhaustion or died of self-induced fear.

  • Flagellants practiced self-flogging to atone for
    sins. The movement became popular after general
    disillusionment with the church's reaction to the
    Black Death.

How many people died from the Black Death?
  • 20 million or 1/3 of Europes population

  • Pass out color cards at the beginning of class.
    Have students put them on their desk. After this
    questions, have students move with their cards to
    the center of the room. Then have 1/3 of the
    students ,indicated by their card color, move to
    the side of the room. Examine the remaining
    number of students to illustrate the great loss
    of the Black Death.

What are some reasons why the Black Death killed
so many people in Europe?
  • People tried to flee it and ended up spreading it
    faster further
  • People did not know what caused itineffective
  • Very contagious disease
  • Very quick diseasemost people died within three
  • Doctors caught it from patients
  • Priests caught it from people
  • Farmers caught it from livestock
  • Citiesfilthrats were commonrats carried the

Negative Effects of the Black Death
  • Jews were blamed for plague and killed
  • Brought out the worst in people
  • People farmed less, produced fewer goods, and
    became less enterprising---economies plunged into
  • Food grew scarce
  • Prices rose causing inflation
  • Scarcity of labor

Positive Effects of the Black Death
  • Worker shortage caused worth of labor to increase
  • Peasants gained economic power
  • Peasants escaped feudal services
  • Serfs gained freedom
  • Peasants became landowners
  • Survivors were wealthier and bought more

More Positive Effects
  • Inflation declined
  • Business flourished, great trading

    centers were established in towns

    and cities
  • Increase in profits
  • New banking industry, accounting firms large
    international trading companies
  • improvement in standard of living

Peasant Living Increased
  • Evaluate which effect had the greatest impact
  • Explain your reasoning
  • Use the Think/Pair/Share to record your answers

Something to think about.
  • What other measures might have been taken under
    14th century conditions had the transmission of
    the plague through fleas and rats, as well as by
    direct human to human transmission, been known?

Black Death AIDS
  • How are they alike?

Black Death AIDS
  • How are they different?

Exit Slip Day 3
  • 1. List 2 positive effects of the Black Death
  • 2. List 2 negative effects of the Black Death.

Day 3 Homework
  • Study for the Black Death test!

Can we apply the Black Death to our essential
  • Are we who we were?
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