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World History 3201

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World History 3201 Unit 1: World War I Unit 1: World War I (1914-1918) The sources of tension that triggered outbreak of World War I Causes Major events Role of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History 3201


1
World History 3201
  • Unit 1 World War I

2
Unit 1 World War I (1914-1918)
  • The sources of tension that triggered outbreak of
    World War I
  • Causes
  • Major events
  • Role of science and technology
  • Process ending World War I

3
The sources of tension that triggered outbreak of
World War I
  • No one event or person caused the Great War.
    There were many factors that contributed to
    mobilization of the belligerents.
  • Tension grew between the leading nations of
    Europe, as a result of growing strain placed upon
    their relationship with each other.
  • There were at least four underlying causes of the
    first World War.

4
Four Underlying Causes of WWI
  • 1. Nationalism
  • 2. Economic Rivalry (imperialism)
  • 3. The Arms Race
  • 4. The Alliance System

5
Nationalism
  • Nationalism is an intense sense of loyalty and
    pride in ones nation (beyond patriotism).
  • At the start of the 20th century many countries
    such as Germany, Britain, Russia and France had
    an aggressive sense of their own superiority and
    destiny that fuelled the outbreak of war.

6
Political Nationalism
  • Alsace-Lorraine (Political Nationalism) two
    French provinces taken by Germany after the
    Frances humiliating defeat of the Franco-Prussian
    War of 1871.
  • This region bordered France and Germany, and was
    very valuable.
  • German possession of this region was a source of
    French resentment and became the focus of French
    Nationalism and Anti-German sentiment.

7
Economic Nationalism
  • Germany only became a unified state after the
    Franco-Prussian War (1871)
  • France in their defeat ceded Alsace-Lorraine.
  • Germany boomed after unification, wanting
    colonies for resources to maintain its thriving
    economy and to compete with other imperialistic
    powers
  • Britain, France, Belgium had long maintained
    colonies. Germany now wanted their own empire and
    to become a major power.

8
Ethnic Nationalism
  • Austria-Hungary was a country where many
    different groups lived together.
  • Many of these groups had different religions,
    languages and cultural traditions. Control was
    maintained and controlled as a part of the
    Ottoman Empire, ruled by the Hapsburg Dynasty.
  • Many of these groups were not happy with this
    type of control and wanted to have their own
    autonomy (Croats, Poles, Slovaks, Serbs, Czechs)
  • Russia took an interest in this region and began
    to interfere in a quest to unite the Slavic
    people in the region (Pan-Slavism).

9
Britain (Pax Brittania)
  • World power that had a vast empire and a powerful
    armed forces, particularly its navy.
  • Led by a sense of duty to the Monarchy.
  • Britains international interests and power helped
    maintain a period of relative peace prior to WWI.
  • They became suspicious of up and coming rivals
    like Germany and Japan/

10
Economic Rivalry
  • Nations such as Britain, France and Germany
    aggressively competed for world markets and
    resources.
  • Imperialistic activities in parts of Africa and
    Asia created tension between these competing
    countries.
  • Their rivalries often came close to violence in
    continents such as Africa.

11
The Arms Race
  • Due to imperialistic expansion, nations needed a
    means to protect their interests.
  • Most nations were actively building up their
    military and even began drawing up detailed plans
    for a future war. (Germanys Schlieffen Plan,
    and Frances Plan 17)
  • England and Germany engaged in a deadly naval
    race. (German began to challenge Englands Naval
    supremacy.)

12
The Alliance System
  • Most of the large nations in Europe were members
    of two powerful alliances the Triple Entente
    (Britain, France and Russia) and the Triple
    Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy).
  • These alliances also involved the overseas
    empires such as those of Britain and France.
  • The results of these alliances was to increase
    tension and suspicion and turn a disagreement
    between two nations into a full blown war.

13
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14
Ultimatum
  • a final demand or statement of terms, the
    rejection of which will result in retaliation, a
    breakdown in relations or a declaration of war.
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