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A Vatos locos Production
Marti Mar
Mikey D.
Mr. Olmos
El Veterano
A History of Gangs
  • The 1600s brought about the beginnings of
    survival and pick-pocket gangs. This was followed
    by Candle Light gangs (nuisance type) around
    1791. With the immigrations of the Irish to
    America in the 1800s a new breed of gang
    evolved. In 1826 Edward Coleman started the
    first American Criminal street gang called The
    Forty Thieves. These gangs were involved in
    such illegal activities as Illegal Liquor sales,
    Gambling, Prostitution, etc.
  • Coleman was hanged for Murder in 1838.
  • Other Gangs started cropping up they had names
    such as the Dead Rabbits, Roach Guards, and
    Plug Uglies
  • The 1840s brought about gang fights and they
    became very common place. Also in the 1840s
    there was a wave of immigration from Italian,
    Jewish, and German countries. This led to street
    gangs of those ethnic descents.
  • Between 1830 1850 a Police Force was
    established in New York City to help combat the
    growing violence and criminal activity of street
    gangs. Of a population of about 500,000 in New
    York City an estimated 30,000 were gang members.
    Politicians used gang members to get elected in
    return for money, help, and small jail sentences.
    At this time there was also a large migration of
    Chinese immigrants to the U.S.

  • In 1861 the Civil War saw many gang members who
    enlisted. This dropped gang activity down
    drastically with in many cities grinding it
    almost to a halt.
  • 1865 brought an end to the war. Guns became more
    readily accessible, and gangs began to flourish
    again. A street gang called to Y.O. sprang
    up. They had a list of illegal items one could
    pick from for a price.
  • Both eyes blackened 4.00
  • Nose and Jaw broke 10.00
  • Jacked out 10.00
  • Ear chewed off 1.00
  • Shot in leg 20.00
  • Broken leg 5.00
  • Broken ankle 10.00
  • BIG JOB 100.00
  • 1867 Brought about the introduction of the KKK,
    which was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee and had
    an estimated 500,000 members.

  • In 1901 a shootout between the Eastman gang V.S.
    the 5 Points gang erupted in New York City
    lasting several hours. This left 3 dead, 7
    wounded, and 20 arrested.
  • 1911 with the enactment of the Sullivan Law
    (Possession of Firearms without a Permit being a
    Federal Offense) Law Enforcement finally had
    something which would help them get a better grip
    to curb the violence of these street gangs.
  • 1915 saw the KKK re-founded after the movie by
    D.W. Griffith called Birth of a Nation. This
    movie was viewed as controversial by most who saw
  • The Eve of WWI, proclaimed an END TO STREET
  • The effects of WWI on gangs provided many jobs
    for adults, decreased the age of gang members,
    created a change in ethnicity, and included
    crimes such as larceny, robbery, malicious
    mischief. Prohibition also helped bring out more
    and more street gangs. During Prohibition there
    were an estimated 1,300 gangs in Chicago which Al
    Capone had access to.
  • In 1929 a full assault on Organized Crime was
    made by Police.

  • In the late 1920s an estimated 20,000,000
    Mexican Citizens migrated to Los Angeles.
  • 1930 Prohibition was overturned, and Al Capone
    was in prison. This ended the era know as the
    Roaring Twenties.
  • From the 1930s 1945 Mexican outcasts in Los
    Angeles were called Pachucos, they banded
    together and wore Zoot Suits. There were issues
    with the Zoot Suiters. During WWII extra
    clothing was prohibited by the War Boards Act.
    Mexican women were dating uniformed service men,
    and Pachucos were not enlisting to fight in the
    was. On June 3, 1943, 11 sailors and 23 Zoot
    Suiters fought beginning the Zoot Suit Riots.
    On June 6, 1943, over 100 Zoot Suiters were
    arrested. Mexicans began using knives in defense
    of overwhelming odds of servicemen and civilians.
    On June 9, 1943 President Roosevelt ordered the
    Military to control its sailors, and by June 13,
    1943 the Riots were over.
  • In the 1940 the KKK reached 5,000,000 membership,
    but died out in the late 1940s.

  • 1946 saw more changes in the gang structure with
    the use of military tactics, and the use of
    military terminology. In the early 1950s
    motorcycle gangs were founded by veterans from
    WWII and the Korean conflict. Also in the 1950s
    gang began being glorified in the media. Bop
    was a term used to mean gang fight. Movies such
    as The Wild Ones and Rebel Without a Cause
    were used in showing America a different side of
  • In 1955 New York City started the Street Club
    Project This group hired former gang members
    (gang workers) to talk with at-risk youth and
    disruptive gangs in an effort to curb violence
    and criminal activity. If a gang was assigned a
    Gang Worker, they got status.
  • Gangs became more Territorial due to large
    migrations of Blacks leaving the South, and
    incoming refugees from WWI, Korea, and Mexico.
    Gangs also saw an increase in the use of weapons,
    knives, and guns.
  • Females gang membership also rose dramatically
    (they were used to carry weapons, and gather
    intelligence) although their roles were mostly
    minimal. They were sent to charm schools, taught
    how to interview for jobs, taken on field trips,

  • 1955 found the KKK once again being re-founded
    and their membership numbers reaching about
    100,000 by the 1980s.
  • 1957 Stage and screen productions of West Side
    Story were put on for public enjoyment. These
    were re-enactments of two fictional street gangs
    the Jets and Sharks fighting.
  • After the release of such movies and stage
    productions the Rules of engagement changed
    between gangs drastically, going from set rules
  • Pre-Arranged Rumbles (fights)
  • Types of Weapons
  • Fight Honorably
  • No Churches
  • No Schools
  • No Family Members
  • No Innocent by-standers
  • Usually Truce called the next day after Rumble
  • (All this changed and no rules really applied
    becoming more violent.)

  • 1957 also saw the creation of the Vice Lords
    started by eight youth who were being housed in a
    detention center in Illinois. This group ran the
    streets in Lawndale, Illinois, and were ruthless
    in all crimes committed. They killed a Police
    Officer and a Nun.
  • In 1958 the Mexican Mafia emerged from the Duel
    Vocational Institute for youth in Tracy,
    California. Thirteen street gang members from
    East Los Angeles area banding together for
    protection. This group includes only Southern
    California Hispanics.
  • The early 1960s was the Skinheads founding in
  • 1960 there were an estimated 8,000 total gang
    members in the U.S.
  • 1960 the Aryan Brotherhood was formed in San
    Quentin prison in California.
  • 1966 the Black Gangster Disciples were founded
    by King David Barksdale in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1966 also saw the founding of the Black
    Vanguard by George Jackson in San Quentin prison
    in California. The name was changed in 1971 to
    the Black Guerilla Family by James Doc

  • In 1967 a conservative leader of the Vice Lords
    Bobby Gore received a 30,000.00 grant from the
    city of Chicago to make Lawndale a Better place
    to live. This was the first street gang to
    incorporate. They had several fronts to hide
    their illegal activities Ice cream Parlor, Black
    Cultural Center, Art and Soul Artist record
    store, etc. This really impressed the media,
    although then Mayor Richard Daley wasnt
    convinced the Vice Lords had gone straight. At
    their strongest they had 40 factions with an
    approximated 10,000 members. The Mayor was right
    about the Vice Lords.
  • In 1968 the La Nuestra Familia was founded due
    to on-going issues with the Mexican Mafia. A
    group of Northern Hispanics banded together
    against the tyrannical and abusive tactics of the
    Mafia. During this time an on-going feud was
    fueled by the death of a Nuestra Familia member
    at the hands of a Mafia member over a pair of
    shoes. The Shoe Wars was the defining split
    between these two groups and the war is still
    carried on today.
  • In 1968 the Latin Kings were officially founded
    in Chicago, Illinois. This group had started
    around 1940 as a social club made up of
    predominately Puerto Rican immigrants trying to
    establish better ties/relationships with the
    community they lived in.

  • In 1968 the Aryan Brotherhood was formed by Nazi
    and Biker inmates at San Quentin prison. Aryan
    Brotherhood and Mexican Mafia members formed an
    alliance after Jessie Castro (NF) was killed by
    the Mexican Mafia.
  • 1969 the Crips street gang was founded in Los
    Angeles, California by Raymond Washington. In
    1969 the bloods were formed in Compton,
    California by Sylvester Scott and Vincent Owens.
    A rivalry between ensued and these two groups
    through different sets have a long history of
    war. Also in 1969 major leaders of the Vice
    Lords were arrested and sent to prison, the
    remaining young members just wanted to be a
    street gang. 1970 a new group was founded in
    Illinois state prison known as Brothers of the
    Struggle for Black Gangster Disciples in prison.
    El Rukns also formed in Illinois prison system,
    yet keeping a low profile.
  • 1970 also saw the formation of the Texas
    Syndicate in the Folsom Prison in California.
    This group was started by Francisco Panchito
    Gonzalez and Juan Solis in order to protect Texas
    inmates housed in the California prison system.

  • 1976 saw the creation of the Spanish Gangster
    Disciple Nation in Chicago, Illinois by combing
    The Latin Scorpions, The Maniac Latin Disciples,
    The imperial Spanish Gangsters, The Continental
    Gangsters, The Ghetto Gangsters, The Supreme
    Gangsters, Satans Disciples, The Latin eagles,
    The Spanish Cobras, The Milwaukee Kings, and the
    Y.L.O. Disciples. At the end of the 1970s most
    older gang members were dead or in jail. Youths
    began running the street gangs and became more
    turf oriented.
  • In 1979 the L.A.P.D. formed the CRASH unit to
    combat the gang violence and drug activities.
    1997-1998 California passed several laws which
    allowed Police to stop any person, without cause,
    to see if they were gang members. The ACLU
    became very upset with these laws and got the
    CRASH units eliminated in 1999.
  • In the early to mid 1980s Crack Cocaine was
    introduced into the United States and money to
    precedence over turf.
  • The mid 1980s saw an infiltration by Aryan
    Brotherhood members into the Witness Protection
    Program in order to kill informants. Also the
    Folk Nation and the People Nation were aligned in
    Chicago, Illinois.

  • The Folk Nation consists of the following
    Ambrose, Action Pack Gangsters, Black Gangster
    Disciples, Harrison Gents, La Raza, Latin Eagles,
    Latin Souls, Satan Disciples, Spanish Gangsters,
    Ashland Vikings, C-Notes, Black Souls, Imperial
    Gangsters, Latin Disciples, Latin Jivers, Latin
    Locos, Orchestra Albany, Simon City Royals, Two
    Two Boys, Black Disciples, Campbell Boys, Chicago
    Cholos, Insane Popes, Latin Dragons, Laos Posse,
    Latin Youth, New Breed LLL, Party People, Piper
    Lane Lovers, Ridgeway Lords, Spanish Cobras,
    Sterling Posse, Two Sixers, Unknown Assassins,
    and the West Side Homeboys.
  • The People Nation consists of the Following
    Akrhos Kings, Arab Posses, Assyrian Eagles, Aztec
    Nation, Bassheads, Be-Be Bishops, Fullerton
    Deuces, Insane Deuces, Jousters, The Kents, KGB,
    Latin Saints, La Primera, Milwaukee Kings, Noble
    Knights, PR Stones, II Down Posse, 12th Street
    Players, Blackstone Rangers, El Rukns, Insane
    Popes, Latin Counts, Latin Homeboys, Mickey
    Cobras, Spanish Lords, Black P. Stone, Gaylords,
    Insane Unknowns, Latin Kings, Latin Brothers,
    Latin Stones, Majestic Party Crew, Mexican Kings,
    Pachucos, Park Boys, Vice Lords, and the War

  • By the late 1980s Drive-By shootings were
    becoming common place. Gangs from major cities
    started branching out to smaller cities because
    they could sell crack at a higher price. In 1992
    after the Rodney King verdict, the Bloods and
    Crips made a truce which prevented all drive-by
    shootings except on Law Enforcement officers. By
    1997 the Mexican Mafia was identified as running
    the street gangs of Los Angeles and other cities
    in Southern California. This same year the 18th
    street gang was identified as being enforcers and
    soldiers for the Mexican Mafia in the Los Angeles
    area. 1999 found the Blood and Crip drug trade
    in over 100 cities nation wide. Blood and Crip
    population tops 100,000 members. 2000 18th
    street gang membership in Los Angeles is
    estimated 20,000 Hispanic gang members.
  • As of 2000 There are an estimated 28,000 gangs,
    with membership well over 800,000. The 2000 Gang
    population in TDCJ-ID was estimated at 7,266
    validated members of the various STGs, and
    12,165 associates. These estimated numbers are
    low and misleading due to members and associates
    which have been paroled, released or deported not
    being counted.
  • In a state wide prison system with over 200,000
    inmates these numbers are not exact, however new
    groups or sects/cliques have started cropping up
    since the last update.

Gang Member Identification Validation Criteria
  • 1) Self Admission. A direct admission to a
    credible witness. Ideally, the admission will be
    accompanied by additional information about the
    gang, the accuracy of which lends credibility to
    the admission. Be aware that young, marginal
    associates may falsely claim gang membership as a
    form of bragging. On the other hand, a false
    claim of gang membership in a prison setting
    could prove fatal.
  • 2) Family Member Verification. A loved one
    identifies the subject as a gang member.
  • 3) Fellow Gang Member or Rival Gang Member
    Identification. A validated member of the same
    gang, or that gangs rival identifies the
  • 4) Tattoos or Brands. Because of the dedication
    required to permanently tattoo or brand oneself,
    this criteria is frequently given substantial
    weight. It is not uncommon for gangs to
    seriously injure or kill an individual wearing an
    unauthorized tattoo or brand.
  • 5) Gang Paraphernalia. Possession (immediate
    control) or wearing of gang specific
    paraphernalia or apparel. This criteria must be
    updated frequently as both gang and popular fads

  • 6) Gang Documents. Possession (immediate
    control) of internal documents of a gang such as
    by-laws, rosters, hit-lists, address books and
    similar items that only a member would be allowed
    to possess.
  • 7) Gang Moniker. A street name or nickname
    commonly associated with gangs in a particular
    area. An individual known as Lil Cuz is more
    likely to be a gang member one named Irving.
    Under normal circumstances, this criterion
    standing alone would not be given much weight.
  • 8) Gang Publications. Possession (immediate
    control) of gang specific newsletters, posters,
    party announcements, etc. Under normal
    circumstances this criterion alone would not be
    given much weight.
  • 9) Authorship. Evidence that the subject has
    personally prepared gang specific documents
    and/or correspondence. This criterion is heavily
    weighted in a custodial setting.
  • 10) Witness Testimony. Official statement
    (deposition or courtroom testimony, e.g.) that an
    individual is a gang member.
  • 11) Group Photographs. Photos showing subject
    with validated gang members (particularly photos
    where individuals are showing hand signs, wearing
    gang paraphernalia, posing with gang graffiti and
    /or displaying weapons, cash or drugs.) As a
    matter of pride, many gang members will not allow
    themselves to be photographed with people who are
    not gang members, or at least associates.

  • 12) Frequent Association. Documented and
    credible sightings of the individual with
    validated gang members, particularly at gang
    parties, gang hangouts, gang funerals, in a
    courtroom during a gang members trial, or as a
    visitor of validated gang members in jail or
  • 13) Prior Arrests. Records showing the subject
    has been arrested with validated gang members.
  • 14) Confidential Informants. The informant must
    be reliable based upon a history of having
    previously provided accurate information. Some
    agencies may require the same information from
    multiple confidential sources before giving it
  • 15) Membership Documents. The subject possesses
    (immediate control) credentials such as a gang
    membership card, certificate of membership,
    letter of introduction, indication of gang rank
    or title, etc.
  • 16) Fellow Officer Intelligence. A law
    Enforcement or Corrections agency may rely upon a
    representation from law enforcement or
    corrections agency that an individual is a gang
    member. (Criteria used by the source agency
    should eventually be determined.)
  • 17) Media Representations. Detailed print or
    broadcast media accounts describing the subject
    as a gang member. (If such accounts exist, it is
    likely that far more reliable Police, prosecution
    and court documents can be found.)

  • When using any criteria, a system must be
    established to weigh the relative value and
    credibility of each item. Self-admission of gang
    membership, e.g., would carry more weight that
    the possession of gang colors. The environment
    in which the criterion is found is important. A
    law enforcement agency, correctional facility and
    school may all give different weight to the same
    criterion. The possession of gang paraphernalia
    on the street or in school, e.g., may provide
    less proof of gang membership than possession of
    the same material in a custodial setting. There
    its possession may be prohibited by staff, and
    violently regulated by the gang. Identification
    and validation criteria must be reviewed
    periodically to keep pace with changing gang
    trends, and even popular fads. These 18 criteria
    were distilled from the combined validation
    standards of six respected law enforcement and
    corrections agencies. While no one agency used
    all 18 of the criterion shown, a majority of the
    criterion were found on all of the agencies
    validation lists. Various combinations of these
    criterion are used by law enforcement and
    corrections agencies across the country.

  • The value or weighing system used by each agency
    varies. One method is to assign a point value to
    each item and mandate that a certain score be
    reached before the individual is deemed a gang
    member. Another method is to require that a
    certain number of criterion be met, with a
    mandate that one or more of the criterion must be
    one of the stronger indicators of gang
    membership, such as self-admission or gang
    specific tattoos. Regardless of the weighing
    system used, it must be changed as gangs change.
  • All sources of gang validation criteria caution
    that the criteria are guidelines only. It is
    typical to require documentation and
    authentication of the informant used. It is also
    necessary to establish a system by which a person
    can be purged from gang membership files.
    Competent legal counsel, well versed in this area
    of law should be consulted.

Interviewing Techniques for Corrections Law
  • Types of Interviews
  • ?? In Custody
  • ?? Probation
  • ?? Parole
  • ?? Criminal Investigation
  • ?? Intelligence
  • ?? Traffic Stop Field Contact

  • Preparation for the Interview
  • ?? Never go into an interview with a Hard Core
    Criminal unprepared-Do it right!
  • ?? Do your homework They have done theirs!
  • ?? Review the current charge/PC, NCIC/rap sheet,
    past police reports/gang files, etc.
  • ?? Pre-sentence reports/PC
  • ?? Parole Probation Files
  • ?? Check their Prison Jail files

  • Preparation for the Interview
  • ?? Become familiar with their street gang,
  • prison gang, or other criminal organization
  • ?? Speak to investigators, officers, and other
  • staff that may be familiar with them
  • ?? Be cognizant of games and manipulation
  • ?? Know your motives and their motives

  • Take the Questioning as far as you need to!
  • For Instance
  • Q-Where are you from?
  • A-California
  • Q-Where at in California?
  • A-L.A.
  • Q-What part of L.A.? (Los Angeles is a BIG
  • A-The West Side
  • Q-What Varrio or Set (may ask according to
    suspected gang lingo)
  • A-18th Street
  • Q-What clique?
  • A-Columbia Lil Cycos (Look for CLCS tats, WSLA,
  • Q-What did they call you? (Moniker)
  • A-Lil Puppet, my brother is Big Puppet
  • Continue as long as you can to back up the info

  • Legal Concerns
  • ?? Part of your interview preparation (homework)
  • to research current charges, pending sentences,
  • and other legal situations of your suspect
  • ?? If pending charges consult with the prosecutor
  • on the matter before the interview
  • ?? Also check your agencies policy on
  • charged suspects or consult your legal unit

  • The Interview
  • ?? Choose the right location if possible
  • ?? Covertly record if possible
  • ?? Avoid too many people in the room
  • ?? Avoid taking too many notes
  • ?? Mutual respect Fair but firm
  • ?? Avoid rushing
  • ?? Be prepared to call their bluff
  • ?? You control the interview and course of it
  • ?? BE PATIENT!!!
  • ?? Know cultural background of suspect/inmate

  • Basic Hispanic Gang Structure
  • Veteranos
  • Homeboys - Homegirls
  • Pee Wees
  • Big Smiley 25 y.o. Smiley 20 y.o.
  • Lil Smiley 15 y.o. Baby Smiley 10 y.o.
  • La Smiley

  • Basic Black Gang Structure
  • CRIPS Sets
  • R60s SBC Kitchen Hilltop
  • OGs OGs OGs OGs
  • YGs YGs YGs
    YGs YGs BGs BGs
    BGs BGs
  • Cripettes
  • BGs
  • Note Most sets will have female
    members/associates often referred to as Cripettes

  • Basic Asian Gang Hierarchy
  • Organized Crime
  • 40
  • Prison 20-30
  • (Usually Quiet)
  • Dai Lo-Leader
  • Approx. 30 yrs.
  • Street Gangs 15-20 y.o.
  • Associates 12 y.o.
  • Wanna-Bs/Gonna-Bs 10 y.o.
  • Basic
  • Note This is just an example of average ages,
    not absolute!

  • Interview
  • Get Info
  • Note taking OK
  • Interviewee Talks Most
  • Supportive (Good Cop)
  • You Both Sit
  • Interrogation
  • Get Confession
  • Show No Notes
  • (Can Be Secretly Recorded)
  • You Talk the Most
  • Accusatory (Bad Cop)
  • They Sit, You Stand

Gangs Currently housed at BSCC
  • Because of the structure of the BSCC Complex,
    there have been many changes throughout the
    years. In 2000 Border Brothers and Barrio
    Azteca's were being run off every compound, with
    the BB slowly incorporated back to the Airpark
    Unit. In 2002 the Mexikanemi began being run off
    all compounds. By 2004 the Surenos also were run
    off each compound. The only compound housing
    most gang members, suspects or associates is the
    Interstate compound.
  • The largest group in all the complex is the
    Paisa group. Made up of Mexican Nationals who
    claim they are not a gang, however have sets of
    rules, elect spokespersons, and band together by
    states. They have yet to achieve the
    Para-military style structure used by all other
    prison gangs. The mob mentality and threatening
    nature is what has driven most these inmates in
    the past disturbances. Because they have
    strength in numbers they have succeeded in
    running off the other smaller groups.
    Intelligence gathering is a key factor in keeping
    these inmates from over-running other inmates or
    trying to impose their own type of rules.

(No Transcript)
TANGOS (Vallucos)
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