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Medieval Africa

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Modern day Ethiopia to Eritrea. 100 B.C.E to 1 C.E. Trade with Rome and Persia ... Carved from Mountains. Holy Lands. Jewish tradition. Queen Sheba ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Africa


1
Medieval Africa
  • Mali Axum

2
Bantu
  • 2500 B.C. Desertification
  • Migration of farmers 1000BCE-1000CE
  • Bantu language
  • Spread culture (farming, ironworking and
    domestication of animals) to southern Africa

3
Trade 800-1600
  • Villages near rivers and Lake Chad produce a
    surplus
  • Surplus produce more
  • than they needed
  • Trade routes linking savanna to forest lands in
    south then across Sahara

4
West Africa
  • Caravans crossed Sahara trading
  • Leather goods
  • Kola Nuts
  • Cotton Cloth
  • Slaves

5
North Africa
  • Arabs and Berbers traded
  • Silk
  • Metal
  • Beads
  • Horses
  • Slaves

6
2 Commodities
  • Gold and Salt dominated Saharan trade
  • Gold widely available in
  • Ghana
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • 500-1600 eight tons of gold removed from these
    areas

7
  • Salt
  • Important in diet
  • Preservative
  • Sahara abundant in salt

8
MAP
9
Ghana
  • Niger and Senegal Rivers
  • Soninke People
  • Kumbi Saleh Capital
  • Islam became an influence
  • Lose control to Mali

10
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11
Mali
  • Sundiata- 1235Ce
  • Mandinka People
  • Founded Mali
  • Mansa Musa 1312
  • Greatest Ruler
  • Converts to Islam 1324 Hajj
  • Promotes Islamic education
  • Brings back scholars, architects, and teachers
  • University at Timbuktu

12
EAST AFRICA - Axum
  • Modern day Ethiopia to Eritrea
  • 100 B.C.E to 1 C.E.
  • Trade with Rome and Persia
  • From Red Sea port of Adulis
  • Capital of Empire
  • Triangular trade with Africa, India,
  • Mediterranean World
  • 350 CE King Ezana
  • Adulis Capital

13
  • Markets of Adulis
  • Iron
  • Spices
  • Precious Stones
  • Cotton

14
  • Axum converts to Christianity in 300 C.E.
  • King Ezanza makes Christianity the official
    religion
  • Eventually isolated from Europe
  • Empire weakens civil wars

15
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16
Ethiopia
  • King Lalibela early 1200s
  • Building of 11 remarkable churches
  • Carved from Mountains
  • Holy Lands
  • Jewish tradition
  • Queen Sheba
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