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CLOTHES OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND

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CLOTHES OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND. How did clothing develop in England from Medieval ... Capes with or without hoods were worn by men, women and children. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CLOTHES OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND


1
CLOTHES OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
  • How did clothing develop in England from Medieval
    Times to the Elizabethan Era?

2
Materials Available
  • Wool - flocks were for wool not meat. England
    exported wool to Europe.
  • Leather- Sometimes decorated with patterns and
    silver and gold. Best leather from Spain.
  • Fur- for the kings and nobles. Showed importance
    and richness. The king wore Ermine. Best fur came
    from Russia.
  • Linen- Made from a plant called Flax. Softer than
    wool and used for finer garments.
  • Silk- Spread from China. Used for thread and
    embroidery. Dyed to brilliant colours
  • Cotton- Found in North Africa and later the
    Americas

3
How Fabric was Made
  • Wool, cotton, linen and silk all required
    cleaning, spinning and weaving to made a fabric.
  • Spinning was done by use of a spindle and later
    spinning wheels
  • Looms were household implements and fabric making
    was an activity for peasants.
  • Leather required tanning to prevent it from
    rotting. Special plants were powdered for tanning
  • Quality furs were for the rich but the poorer
    would catch and skin rabbits and foxes.

4
How Fabric was Made
  • Spindle

5
How Fabric was Made
  • Spinning Wheel

6
How Fabric was Made
  • Small home Loom

7
How Fabric was Made
  • Large Loom

8
Colours of the Times
  • Fabric was dyed using plants. Madder root
    produced a range of reds from pale pink, through
    deep red to rich browns
  • Yellows, greens and oranges were derived from
    flowers like marigolds
  • Blues from pale to dark slate come from Woad
  • Blue dyed fabric would be over dyed in a madder
    solution to give plum colours.
  • Material was surprisingly colourful.
  • Black coloured fabric was the hardest to achieve
    as the black faded easily.

9
Names and Meanings of Colours
  • Plum Murrey
  • Golden Brown Tawney
  • Khaki Puke
  • Pink Carnation
  • Blue/green Watchet
  • Light yellow Cane, Primrose and Straw
  • Grey Rat
  • Greys, buffs and olives were very common as easy
    colours to dye.
  • Various shades of grey were achieved from mostly
    maintained black items

10
Who Wore Which Colours
Colours for the Poor
Colours for Servants
  • Rat
  • Puke
  • Yellow/ Green
  • Yellow
  • Brown
  • Blue

Colours of the Rich
  • Black
  • Plum
  • Colours for Underwear
  • White, also used for aprons

11
Clothing Items Kirtle
  • Women and girls wore Kirtles which were
    shapeless dresses with wide sleeves.
  • Fashion changed for most people very slowly
    because clothing was expensive
  • Clothing would be handed down or remade

12
Clothing Items - Kirtle
  • By Elizabethan times Kirtles were made of richer
    colours and designs.
  • Bodices fitted over the dress
  • Brocade with gold threads were added

13
Clothing Items - Tunics
  • Men and boys wore smocks or tunics usually of
    linen or wool.
  • Leggings were worn under a tunic

14
Clothing Items - Capes
  • Capes with or without hoods were worn by men,
    women and children.
  • Capes were long and could be wrapped around a
    person and used like a blanket to keep warm

15
Clothing Items - Surcoats
  • Surcoats were for richer women and were
    sleeveless long coats.
  • These surcoats allowed the dress and sleeves to
    be shown off.
  • The long train was developed from the surcoat.

16
Clothing Items- Cotehardie
  • Cotehardies were expensive coat for the richer
    men.
  • Made from damask and silk, cotehardies were
    decorated with patterns or badges.
  • Sleeves were often cut with a zig zag finish

17
Clothing Items- Armour
  • Worn by knights.
  • 1100s metal helmets and chain mail
  • Leather armour was also worn.

18
Clothing Item - Armour
  • By 1500 metal plate Armour which fitted the
    knights body

19
Shoes
  • Shoes could be made from leather or material
  • Wealthy ladies often worn brocade that matched
    their gowns
  • Mens dress shoes were often not functional or
    practical

20
Head Covering
  • Head covering were essential for both men and
    women as hair was not easy to keep clean and
    parasites were very common.
  • Headwear was to keep others parasites out but
    often keep your own in.
  • This ladys head covering is called a wimple

21
Clothing of Queen Elizabeth
  • Elizabethan gowns had detachable sleeves and
    tight bodices which laced into place.

22
Clothing of Queen Elizabeth
  • Elizabeths coronation robes were hand me downs
    from her sister Queen Mary, cut down to fit her
    slender figure

23
Clothing of Queen Elizabeth
  • Later Elizabethan fashion was the addition of a
    ruffed collar, also detached from the gown.

24
The End.
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