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Later Middle Ages.

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Title: Later Middle Ages.


1
Christianity Medieval Society
  • By Morgan Stephens

2
The church shapes politics and society
  • Clergy- church officials. Their teachings were
    very influential in European culture and
    politics.
  • Society- life revolved around the local church.
    Markets, festivals, and religious ceremonies took
    place there.
  • Politics- the church also gained political power
    in the Middle Ages.

3
Monks friars
4
The monks of Cluny
  • Religious order- group of people who dedicated
    their lives to religion and follow common rules.
  • Living apart from society- most monks lived
    apart from the society.

5
New orders
  • Some monks thought that even Cluny's rules
    weren't strict enough. So, they created new
    orders with even stricter rules.

6
friars
  • Francis of Assisi- founder of Franciscan order.
  • Friars- Members of religious orders who lived and
    worked among general public.
  • Living within the society- friars lived within
    the society.

7
Universities are built
  • Religion, law, medicine, and philosophy were
    taught in the universities.

8
Thomas Aquinas
  • Philosopher who showed how religious faith and
    reason could co-exist.
  • Wrote a reasoned argument for the existence of
    God.

9
Natural law
  • Thomas Aquinas concept that god created a law
    that governed how the world operated.

10
The church and the arts
11
Religious architecture
  • Their spires and high ceilings and colorful
    windows were all work of architecture to bring
    people closer to God.

12
Religious art
  • Everything inside the church, from the walls to
    the clergys robes to the books used, were works
    of art.

13
Magna Carta changes in England!
14
Magna carta
  • Document written by English nobles and signed by
    King John listing rights the king could not
    ignore. Among these rights, no one could be kept
    in jail without a reason, and even the king had
    to obey these laws.

15
Who demanded this agreement?
  • The nobles demanded this agreement because they
    got fed up with the King punishing the people for
    actions they didnt do.

16
Effects of magna carta
17
What were the effects of magna carta?
  • The Magna Carta led to more changes. They were
    faced with war and financial troubles, the king
    turned to a council of nobles for advice and
    money.

18
Three of the demands and why they were important
  1. People demanded judges be free of loyal control.
    This creation independent judicial system was a
    key step in bringing democracy to England.
  2. They wanted the king to obey the laws just like
    they did. The idea that everyone must follow the
    law became one of the basic principles of English
    government.
  3. They wanted the king to have limited power. So,
    he didnt get overwhelmed with power.

19
Changes after magna carta
20
What did magna carta inspire the noble to do?
  • Magna Carta inspired the noble to give kings
    advice and money.

21
parliament
  • The lawmaking body that still governs England
    today. The council developed into this.

22
How did the king limit magna carta?
  • He turned to a council of nobles to get advice
    from them and also get money. They couldnt
    control Magna Carta by themselves.

23
The hundred years war
24
The course of the war
  • The war started when the English king tried to
    take control of the French throne.

25
French king dies with no heirs
  • The king died with no children. This left the
    throne without a king to rule France. This lead
    to the 100 years war.

26
Two men claim throne
  • Man 1 the first man was an English king. When he
    tried too take over the throne another person
    tried to take over.
  • Man 2 he was a French person. He would most
    likely to win because he isn't a king and he
    lives in France.

27
English take the lead
  • The English took the lead when they invaded
    France and won the key battles.

28
Joan of arc
  • During the hundreds year wars was rallied by the
    France troops. She was caught and then killed.
    She was burned alive. She died in a painful
    death, but she was made famous in history.

29
Results of the war
30
Changes in England
  • The war helped increase the power of Parliament
    because the king needed Parliament approval to
    raise money to pay for the war.

31
Changes in France
  • The kings power grew after the war.

32
Democracy
  • Will democracy have to wait in France? Democracy
    had to wait because after the war the kings power
    grew.

33
Black death
  • Deadly plague that killed millions of Europeans
    between 1347 and 1351.

34
Where it came from
  • The plague originally came from central and
    eastern Asia.

35
How it spread
  • Traders unknowingly brought rats carrying
    diseases to Mediterrian ports. From there it
    quickly swept throughout much of Europe. Fleas
    that fed on infected rats passed on the plague to
    people.

36
What disease was it?
  • One disease was called the bubonic plague.
    Swellings called buboes appeared on victims
    bodies.

37
Effect on Manor life and feudalism/how many died
  • The manor system fell apart completely. There
    were not enough people left to work in the
    fields. This plague killed millions of people. It
    killed so many, that over a third of Europe's
    population was killed.

38
What happened to it?
  • Those who survived found their skills in high
    demand.. Suddenly, they could demand wages for
    their labor. Once they had money, many fled their
    manors completely, moving instead to Europe's
    growing cities.

39
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