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Later Middle Ages By J. Frazier


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Title: Later Middle Ages By J. Frazier

The Later Middle Ages
  • By J. Frazier

Christianity in Medieval society
The church shapes politics and society
  • Clergy very influential in politics in Middle
  • Society Everything took place at the church.
  • Pilgrims people who visited religious places
    were called pilgrims.
  • Politics Church officials often advised the
    King on political issues.

Monks and Friars
The Monks of Cluny
  • Dedicated lives to living for God.
  • Lived apart from society.

  • Francis of Assisi Created the Franciscan order.
  • Friars were religious people who lived for God.
  • These friars could have no worldly possessions.
  • They lived along side the people of the towns.

Universities are built
Thomas Aquinas
  • Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican Friar.
  • He came up with the concept of natural law.
  • Natural law is a belief that God created a set of
    laws that should govern how the world operates.

  • During the middle ages, religious leaders begin
    to build universities so that people could get a
    good Christian education.
  • Classes were similar to today in that students
    had to take tests.

The church and the arts
Religious architecture
- All art and architecture of the middle ages was
inspired by religious expression
During the middle ages, religion shaped how
people thought and acted in every aspect of their
lives. In many cases, religion led to war and
death. Christianity dominated nearly all aspects
of life during the middle ages.
Magna Carta
Magna Carta causes changes in England
  • -

Magna Carta
  • -The Great Charter or Magna Carta was a
    document written by English Lords and signed by
    King John of England.
  • - It was a list of demands for rights and laws
    that all men would abide by.

Nobles demanded these rights
  • The nobles of England demanded these rights from
    King John.
  • An example of the rights demanded would be the
    right to not be put in jail without given reason
    and a fair trial.

Effects of Magna Carta
This was an important step in establishing
democratic principles in Europe.The King would
have to obey the laws as well.
Examples of the demands listed within Magna Carta
  • 16 No man shall be forced to perform more
    service for a Knights fee, or other free
    holding of land, than is due from it.
  • 31 Neither we nor any other royal official
    shall take wood for our castle, or for any other
    reason without the consent of the owner.
  • 38 In future no official shall place a man on
    trial upon his own unsupported statement, without
    producing credible witnesses to the truth of it.

Changes after Magna Carta
Inspired by Magna Carta
  • Kings turn to nobles for support in dealing with
    war and financial issues.
  • These councils of Nobles would eventually lead to
    a Parliament .

  • - Small advisory groups of Nobles that made laws
    and helped to govern England.
  • - Parliament is the governing body that controls
    England even today.

Kings attempt to limit Parliament
  • -Kings attempted to limit power of parliament by
    choosing Judges that only supported the Kings
  • -These judges would attempt to only enforce laws
    that benefited the King.
  • -Eventually the people demanded that judges be
    elected by the people and not chosen by the King.
  • - This would eventually limit the Kings power to
    the point that he needed the approval of
    Parliament before making any decisions.

Hundred Years War
- The French King dies with no apparent heirs to
the throne.- Two men claim to be the rightful
new King of France. - One is the King of England
and the other is a French Man.- The War would go
back and forth for many years until- Joan of
  • The course of the war

Joan of arc
  • -Joan of Arc was said to have been sent a message
    from God to free the French from the English and
    return the nation back to God.
  • -She was known as The Messenger.
  • -Joan of Arc led the French troops to a number of
  • -She was captured and burned alive by the
  • -The French troops rallied after her death and
    quickly defeated the English.

Results of the War
  • The French nobles rallied in support of their
  • English Kings would rely heavily on Parliament
    for money, thus increasing the power of
  • Because the French won the war, the idea of
    Democracy as founded in Magna Carta would remain
    an English concept for many years.
  • France would not get democracy until the French
    Revolution many years later.

The Black Death
The Black death brings horror to Europe
  • It came from Asia as many different diseases via
    the trade routes and shipping ports

It spread very quickly
  • Infected fleas living on rats carried the virus
    of the Bubonic Plague to most towns and cities in
  • The towns of Europe had not yet become sanitary
    with their sewage and trash.
  • This was a perfect host for the rats.
  • As the people fled the towns and cities in fear
    of the death, they unknowingly carried the
    disease to the countryside.

What was this disease
The Bubonic Plague was the main and most deadly
disease during this time.
Effects on manor life
  • - The shear number of people that died is
  • - It is estimated that as many as two-thirds of
    the population of Europe died.
  • Due to the many people that died, Feudalism and
    manor life were wiped out.
  • Europes poor peasants who survived could now
    demand higher wages.
  • These peasants also found that there was much
    more food to go around.
  • Many historians say that the increased food
    supply and increased wages were two of the main
    causes of the rebirth, or renaissance in Europe.

What happened to the plague?
It is still out there today just waiting on the
right host and opportunity
Europe , however, cleaned up its towns and
cities. They eventually discovered the cause of
the disease and how to limit the spread of the
disease by making trash and sewer more sanitary.