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Europe in the High Middle Ages 1000-1300


Europe in the High Middle Ages 1000-1300 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Europe in the High Middle Ages 1000-1300

Europe in the High Middle Ages1000-1300
Europe in the High Middle Ages
  • The New Agriculture
  • Daily life of the Peasantry
  • The Nobility of the Middle Ages
  • Held the political, economic, and social power
  • Were warriors
  • Social divisions based on wealth and landholdings
  • Aristocratic women

Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)
The Revival of Trade
  • Revival began in the eleventh and twelfth
  • Gradual process
  • Accelerated by Crusades
  • Centers of growth Italian states, Flanders
  • Increase demand for money growth of banking

Growth of Cities
  • Beginning in 10th century, many new cities in
    northern Europe
  • Fortified strongholds by merchants for trade
  • Develop own governments w/unique laws
  • Cities remained small, Europe remains rural

Evolution of the European Kingdoms
  • England
  • Wm of Normandy (the Conqueror
  • Magna Carta, 1215
  • English Parliament, 1295
  • House of Lords
  • House of Commons

  • France
  • Capetian kings
  • Process of cautious centralization
  • King eventually gained the power to
  • Make church pay taxes
  • Mint money employ professional soldiers apart
    from feudal armies
  • Estates General

  • The Lands of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Germany Italy only nominally controlled by Holy
    Roman Emperors
  • Actually split into regional states run by feudal
    lords city-states
  • Pope directly controlled central Italy

The Migrations of the Slavs
Development of Russia
  • Oleg (c. 873-913), created the Rus state of Kiev
  • Vladimir (c. 980-1015), becomes Orthodox
  • Alexander Nevsky (c. 1220-1263)
  • Defeated an invading German army in 1242
  • Cooperated with the Mongols and rewarded with
    title of grand prince

Christianity and Medieval Civilization
  • The Papal Monarchy
  • Reform of the Papacy
  • The Church Supreme
  • New Religious Orders and New Spiritual Ideas

The Culture of the High Middle Ages
  • Rise of Universities
  • Irnerius (1088-1125), Bologna, first university
    in Europe
  • Competition for new universities
  • Liberal arts curriculum
  • Degrees
  • Development of Scholasticism
  • Theology queen of all sciences
  • Scholasticism philosophical and theological
    system of the medieval schools
  • Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), Summa Theologica

Abbey of Saint Denis, Paris
Bayeux Cathedral
  • The Bayeux Cathedral in northern France, with
    its soaring vaulted ceiling and somber grey
    stone, is an excellent example of Norman Gothic
    architecture. Like all European cathedrals, it
    has undergone numerous architectural
    modifications over the centuries.

The Early Crusades
Medieval Europe and the World The Crusades
  • The First Crusades
  • Pope Urban II, 1088-1099
  • Alexius I asked for help
  • Council of Clermont, 1095
  • First Crusade, 1096-1099
  • Jerusalem, 1099
  • Crusader feudal states
  • Saladin captures Jerusalem in 1187
  • Later Crusades
  • The Fourth Crusade Marks the severing of East
    and West
  • A series of failed efforts to recapture the Holy