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Later Middle Ages By D. Sparks

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Title: Later Middle Ages By D. Sparks


1
Later Middle ages
  • By D. Sparks

2
The Church Shapes Politics and Society
  • Clergy- Church officials who were very
    influential in medieval European culture and
    politics.
  • Society- Everything took place at a church-
    Pilgrims visited religious places.
  • Politics- Church officials often became political
    advisers to local rulers.

3
Monks and Friars
4
The Monks of Cluny
  • Religious Order- They dedicated their lives to
    religion with common rules. The Monks made these
    orders.
  • Living Apart from Society- Two new religions were
    created for monks who wanted to live and teach
    among people.

5
Friars
  • Francis of Assisi- Created the religious order
    known as the Franciscans.
  • Friars- The members of the Dominicans and the
    Franciscans.
  • Living Within Society- The Friars lived within
    the society.

6
Universities are Built
7
Universities
  • Thomas Aquinos- Wrote a reasoned argument for the
    existence of God, called Natural Law.
  • Created by Religious Leaders- Scholars wanted to
    establish a connection a connection between
    religious faith and intellectual reason.
  • Students Took Tests Then and Now- Students took
    test to prove what they know.

8
The Church and The Arts
9
Religious Architecture
  • Inspired by Religious- Everything inside the
    church, from the walls, to the clergys robes, to
    the books used,

10
Magna Carta Causes Changes in England
11
Magna Carta
  • Who Demanded this Agreement- English Nobles
    created the Magna carta.

12
Effects of the Magna Carta
13
The Effects
  • What Were the Effects-Some effects of the Magna
    Carta were that the council turned into the
    Parliament and that people couldnt be jailed
    without reason.
  • No man shall be forced to perform more service
    for a knights fee or other free holding of land,
    than is due from it. This is important because
    people didnt unfairly have to do more work than
    is need too.
  • Neither we or any royal office will take wood for
    our castle, or for any other purpose, without the
    consent of the owner. This is important because
    people couldnt get the wood they gathered taken
    away from them without their permission.
  • In future no official shall place a man on trial
    upon his own unsupported statement, without
    producing a reason for why he should be
    arrested. This is important because a person was
    explained why he was being imprisoned.
  • These are important because it limited the kings
    power.

14
Changes After Magna Carta
15
Changes after magna carta
  • Magna Carta inspires nobles to find new ways to
    limit the kings power.
  • In time, the council developed a parliament, the
    law making body that governs England today. By
    the late Middle Ages, kings could do little
    without Parliaments support.
  • The king had the power to choose the judges for
    parliament

16
The hundred years war
17
the course of the war
  • The French king dies with no one to rule so the
    English king and the French kings cousin fight
    over who should rule France
  • The English king and the French kings cousin
    fight over who should be the ruler of France.
  • England invaded France and won many key battles.
  • A young teenage peasant girl, Joan of Arc,
    rallied the French troops victory.

18
The results of the war
19
The results of the war
  • In England, the war helped increase the power of
    parliament because the king needed Parliaments
    approval to raise money to pat for war.
  • In France, the kings Power grew due to the war.
  • Due to the kings great power, democracy in
    France would have to wait.

20
The black death
21
Where it came form
  • It spread from central and eastern Asia to Europe.

22
How it spread
  • Traders unknowingly brought rats, which had fleas
    on them, carrying the disease to Mediterranean
    ports. From there it quickly swept throughout
    much of Europe.

23
What disease was it
  • The disease was the bubonic plague.

24
Effect on manor life and feudalism/how many died
  • The old manor system collapsed. Nearly a third a
    third of Europes population died. Plague
    survivors found their skills in demand and
    charged more for their labor. Instead of working
    for the rich, peasants now had other job
    opportunities.

25
What happened to it
  • Those who were strong enough lived while those
    who were weak died. It doesnt affect many today.
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