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Stars of the Scientific Revolution

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Stars of the Scientific Revolution Investigating the Characters who Changed Science and the World??? What is the Scientific Revolution? A new way of thinking ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stars of the Scientific Revolution


1
Stars of the Scientific Revolution
  • Investigating the Characters who Changed
    Scienceand the World???

2
What is the Scientific Revolution?
  • A new way of thinking about the natural world
    based upon careful observation and a
    willingness to ask questions
  • Geocentric Theory vs. Heliocentric Theory
  • Geocentric Theory
  • Proposed by the Classical Greek Philosopher
    (and
  • early Scientist!), Aristotle
  • Taught that the Earth is the center of the
    universe
  • When the Catholic Church formed, it accepted
    and
  • taught this theory, believing that God
    placed His
  • people at the center of the universe

3
A New Worldview
  • Heliocentric Theory
  • Developed by Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Teaches that the Sun is the center
  • of the Universe
  • Consequently, the Earth revolves around the
    sun
  • Knowing his ideas clashed with the teachings
    of the
  • Roman Catholic Church, Copernicus waited
    until he
  • was near death before publishing his
    controversial theory
  • Click Here to view a short introduction to
    Copernicus
  • Think About It If you were Copernicus, would
    you have
  • waited to publish your new theory? Why or
    why not?

4
Challenging Accepted Beliefs
  • Inspired by Copernicus book, "On the
    Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres", future
    astronomers sought to prove his theory true
    laying the foundation for the modern practice of
    Scientific Investigation
  • Johannes Kepler Used math to prove Copernicus
    theory to be true
  • Galileo Galilei Supported the Heliocentric
    Theory by creating the telescope this provides
    undeniable proof that the Earth, in fact,
    revolved around the sun

5
The Development of the Scientific Method
  • The rapidly increasing interest in the Study of
    Science demanded a uniform method of
    investigation (Also Known As Inquiry)
  • René Descartes French philosopher
  • Emphasized logic must doubt until reason proves
    true
  • I think therefore, I am
  • Sir Francis Bacon English Philosopher
  • Inspired by Descartes thinking, Bacon creates
    and encourages the use of the Scientific Method

6
The Revolution Continues
  • Scientific Method Logical procedure for
    gathering and testing ideas
  • Its use standardizes the Study of Science and
    expands scientific research
  • Sir Isaac Newton Discovered the Law of Gravity
    and, as a result, the study of Physics
  • Invention of microscope expanded the study of
    Biology
  • New tools for understanding weather lead to the
    study of Meteorology
  • Doctors use human cadavers to map human anatomy
    taking the study of Medicine to a new level
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