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Scientific Revolution

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Scientific Revolution Scholars relied on established authorities for the truth Who were these established authorities?? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Scientific Revolution


1
Scientific Revolution
2
Before the Revolution
  • Scholars relied on
    established authorities for
    the truth
  • Who were these established authorities??

3
Before the Revolution
  • Established
    authorities
    included
  • The Bible
  • Catholic Church
  • Ancient Greeks/Romans (like Aristotle Ptolemy)

4
Pre-Revolution Alchemists
  • Early scientists who used spells
    magic formulas

5
Pre-Revolution Astrologers
  • Studied the position of the stars planets, as
    well as the way in which the positions of these
    bodies affected peoples lives
  • Contributed to the body of information regarding
    the cosmos

6
New Beliefs Emerge
7
New Beliefs Emerge
  • Principle of Doubt
  • Nothing can be believed unless it
    has be proven through experimentation
  • New instruments
  • Barometer, microscope, thermometer

8
Pre-Revolution Geocentricity
  • Earth as the center of the universe
  • Planets sun
    rotate around earth
  • Idea from Aristotle/Ptolemy

9
Pre-Revolution Geocentricity
  • According to Church doctrine, God created the
    universe to serve his people
    therefore, the
    peoples home
    must be the center
    of the universe

10
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Polish astronomer
  • Wrote On the
    Revolution of
  • Heavenly Spheres

11
New Theory Heliocentricity
  • Sun as the center of the universe
    Heliocentric Theory!
  • Planets rotate
    around it

12
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Stated that Earth rotated on
    an axis revolved
    around the sun
  • Fearing persecution, Copernicus did not publish
    his findings until 1543, the last year of his
    life (he received a copy of his book on his
    deathbed!)

13
Johannes Kepler
  • German
    Astronomer Mathematician

14
Johannes Kepler
  • Stated that the
    planets move in an
    oval-shaped path (ellipses)
  • Used mathematics to prove the heliocentric theory

15
Galileo Galilee
  • Italian Mathematician
  • Copernican theory
  • Wrote Dialogue on Two Great
    World Systems

16
Galileo Galilee
  • Established the universal laws of physics
    the law of
    inertia (body
    in motion
    stays in
    motion)

17
Galileos Observations
  • Built a new telescope observed
  • Sun Spots
  • Earth rotates on its axis
  • Rings on Saturn
  • Moons of Jupiter

18
Galileos Observations
  • Mountains
    valleys of the moon
  • Rate at which objects fall
    (32 feet per sec)
    minus the friction of air

19
Galileo Galilee
  • Stood trial for heresy why?
  • Due to the Inquisition Galileo was threatened
    with torture and was forced
    to recant his
    scientific
    position

20
Galileo Galilee
  • With sincere heart and unpretended faith I
    abjure, curse, and detest the aforesaid errors
    and heresies of Copernicus and also every other
    errorcontrary to the Holy Church, and I swear
    that in the future I will never again say or
    assertanything that might cause a similar
    suspicion toward me.
  • He lived under house arrest until he died (blind)
    in 1642
  • In 1992, the Catholic Church officially
    acknowledged that Galileo had been right

21
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22
Sir Isaac Newton
  • English Scientist
  • Discovered the law of universal gravitation
  • Developed calculus

23
Sir Isaac Newton
  • Wrote Mathematic
    Principles of
    Natural Science
  • Precise mathematical formulas could describe an
    orderly universe

24
Conclusions
  • The Scientific Revolution
  • Created an atmosphere of skepticism
  • Emphasized the importance of using the Scientific
    Method
  • Impacted law, study of history, chronology
    eventually philosophy
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