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The Anglo-Saxons

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The Anglo-Saxons born of warfare, remained forever a military society, and came to its end in battle J.R. Lander British Rule Celts Romans Angles, Saxons ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxons


1
The Anglo-Saxons
  • born of warfare, remained forever a military
    society, and came to its end in battle J.R.
    Lander

2
British Rule
  • Celts
  • Romans
  • Angles, Saxons, Jutes
  • Vikings
  • Normans

3
Celtic Heroes/Heroines
  • Brythons (Britons)
  • Animism form of religion of the Celts.
  • Latin Spirit
  • Saw spirits everywhere in nature (rivers, trees,
    stones, fire, thunder, etc)
  • Spirits or Gods controlled everything.
  • Druids Priests
  • Led ritual dances/human sacrifices
  • Mother Goddess fertility, motherhood, creation

4
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5
Celtic Heroes/Heroines
  • Stonehenge thought to be used by Druids for
    human sacrifices and other rituals.

6
Celtic Heroes/Heroines
  • Mythology
  • Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur
  • Characteristics
  • Strong women
  • Fantastical animals
  • Passion
  • Adventure

7
Roman Invasion55 B.C.E. to 410 C.E.
  • Julius Caesar
  • Built roads
  • Defensive wall 73 miles long
  • Religion influenced by Greek mythology
  • Jupiter King of Gods, God of Sky and Thunder
  • Saturn God of wealth, agriculture, time
  • Mars God of war (second only to Jupiter),
    guardian of agriculture.

8
Anglo-Saxon England
  • Anglaland England
  • Angles Saxons Germany
  • Jutes Denmark
  • Invaded the North and drove out Old Britons.
  • Celtic resistance, retreat to Wales in far West.
  • Divided Briton into seven independent
    principalities, each with own King.

9
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10
Angles, Saxons, Jutes
  • King Alfred of Wessex (871-899)
  • Alfred the Great
  • Fought against invading Danes (Vikings) who came
    from North Sea in
  • dragon-powered boats.
  • Plundered and settled in
  • NE and central England.

11
Anglo-Saxon England
  • Society developed from kinship groups led by
    strong chief.
  • People farmed, maintained local governments,
    created fine crafts (metalwork).
  • Christianity eventually replaced warrior
    religion, linking to Continental Europe.
  • Monasteries center of learning
  • English gained respect as written language.

12
Anglo-Saxon EnglandWarrior Gods
  • Religion ethics over mysticism. (bravery,
    loyalty, generosity, friendship)
  • Odin God of death, poetry, magic
  • Woden
  • Wednesday aka Wodens day
  • Thunor God of thunder and lightning
  • Thor
  • Hammer
  • Swastika (found on Anglo-Saxon gravestones)
  • Thursday aka Thors day
  • Beowulf
  • Dragon, protector of treasure and personification
    of death

13
Anglo-Saxon England
  • Womens Rights
  • Inherited and held property
  • Morgengifu or morning gift from prospective
    husbands. Personal control.
  • Leadership in Christianity (Abbesses)
  • Rights curtailed after Norman Conquest 1066.
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