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Anglo- Saxon Britain

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Anglo- Saxon Britain * 1035-1040- sohipoeg(Knud) Who were the Saxons? Saxons were a large and powerful Germanic people located in what is now northwestern Germany and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anglo- Saxon Britain


1
Anglo- Saxon Britain
2
Who were the Saxons?
  • Saxons were a large and powerful Germanic
    people located in what is now northwestern
    Germany and the eastern Netherlands (but not in
    the area that is known as Saxony today).
  • The word 'Saxon' derives from the word 'Sax'
    which means "one-edged sword".
  • Saxons were thought to have originated from the
    area of northern Germany known as Schleswig
    Holstein today or Old Saxony.

3
The Jutes original home
  • The Jutes lived
  • in Denmark.
  • They lived in
  • a territory that
  • was called
  • Jutland.

4
Anglo- Saxon invasion
5th century- Angles, Saxons and Jutes came to
Britain
Reasons
Their own land often flooded
Saxon warriors were invited to come to England  
5
The Invasion
  • The Jutes came to Britain around 5-6th century
    AD.
  • At the same time came the Angles and Saxons.
  • The Celts were absorbed, enslaved or driven away
    to upland and remote areas.
  • The Jutes occupied Hampshire,
  • Kent and the Isle of White
  • where they made their own
  • Jutish kingdom.

6
King Arthur
7
The Anglo- Saxon kingdoms
  • They never conquered Scotland
  • Main Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were Northumbria,
    Mercia, Wessex, Kent and Anglia
  • Offa built a long earth wall and ditch along the
    border with Wales- the Offas Dyke

Offas Dyke
8
The Saxons in England
  • They were really good farmers, they used four and
    eight ox ploughs to farm the land
  • They worked together as a team to produce food
  • Saxons lived in thatched tent like huts called
    tuns
  • Saxons were divided into 2 groups freemen and
    slaves.

9
Everyday life
  • Anglo- Saxons had a slave society
  • Rich freemen were called thanes
  • People lived in small farming communities in
    wooden houses with workshops
  • They didnt have prisons. For minor crimes, a
    nose or a hand might be cut off
  • For murders people had to pay money to the dead
    persons relatives- wergild. (The amount depended
    on the murderers social status)

10
A Village
11
A hut
12
The way of life of the Jutes
  • They disliked towns so they destroyed them.
  • They prefered to live in small villages.
  • Each village was self-sufficient, there was very
    little trading.

13
Clothing
  • As the Anglo-Saxons adopted the Christian
    religion their dress and costumes were less
    revealing and heads were covered

14
Armour
15
Saxon law
  • Every man had a price which was directly
    proportional to his status in the community
  • This system was called wergild and it applied to
    everybody
  • The system worked reasonably well for many years,
    Alfred the Great says many years later, "It was
    better than a blood feud". 

16
Early Saxons beliefs
  • The early Saxons were pagans and believed in many
    gods. When people died they were either cremated
    and put in a pottery urn or buried with their
    belongings.
  • Slaves were usually buried with their masters.

17
  • Early Anglo- Saxons used runes as letters and it
    was believed that they had magical powers
  • In 1939 archaeologists dug up many precious
    objects that once belonged to king Redwald at
    Sutton Hoo in Suffolk

18
Christianity
  • In 597 the Pope sent a monk called Augustine to
    England
  • Hundreds of churches and monasteries were built
  • Monasteries became centres of learning
  • Children copied out manuscripts and wrote on
    sheets called vellum made out of the dried
    stomachs of calves
  • Lindisfarne monastery

19
Amusements
  • Feasts were held in the lord's hall
  • People ate on feasts roast meats, bread and fruit
    and drank beer or mead Anglo-Saxons listened to
    songs and stories about brave warriors
  • They also amused themselves by telling riddles

20
Entertainment
  • Saxons listened to songs and stories about brave
    warriors and their adventures. One of the Saxons'
    favourite stories was about Beowulf, a heroic
    prince who killed several monsters. Beowulf was
    first written down in the 8th to 9th centuries,
    many years after it was first told.
  • Music was played to accompany the songs and
    poems. The most popular instrument was the Lyre.

21
Kings
22
Egbert (802-839)
23
8th century Venerable Bede
24
Alfred The Great (871-899)
25
Invaders
  • In the 8th and 9th centuries the Vikings, began
    to come to Britain and destroyed almost
    everything on their way
  • By the end of the 870s, the Vikings occupied most
    of eastern England
  • The Anglo-Saxon period came to an end in 1066
    when Duke William of Normandy defeated Harold in
    the Battle of Hastings

26
Edward the Confessor (1042-1066)
27
Harold(1035-1040)
28
(No Transcript)
29
Influence
The Ecclesiastical History of the English
People
  • The system of law of the UK is based on Anglo-
    Saxon ideas
  • Many Anglo- Saxon words are used today
  • faether - father sunu - son dohtor -
    daughter chese cheese
  • Many place names have Anglo- Saxon origin
  • ford - river crossing ham - settlement den -
    hill ton - farm or village wic - farmstead

30
The End
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